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- Existence of Sanatan Dharma and Buddhism in Ancient America is observed by the author Sushma Londhe in her works and in dates back to the time before Europeans invaded America
- American Indians were a part of the Old World while the New World was discovered by Columbus
- Many Mesoamerican civilizations had similarity in culture, cosmology, and economics to the Asian Civilization
New Delhi, July 31, 2017: We all know that Hinduism is the world’s oldest living religion and can be dated back to 5500 BCE. The scholarly work of an Indian origin author Sushama Londhe gives us an insight to the existence of Sanatan Dharma and Hindu practices in Ancient America. She writes about the existence of Asians and the Hindu and Buddhist cultures in parts of America and Mexico. The article is a brief account of the opinion and ideas shared by the author.
Discovery of the Old World:
It is widely known that when Christopher Columbus discovered the island of Hispaniola which marked the establishment for European colonization in the New World, he confused the inhabitants as Indians although he corrected himself subsequently; in his third visit Columbus discovered the Mayan Civilization, which was the foundation of argument that the American Indians were part of the Old World, establishing a link between the Old and the New World.
Similarities Between Mayans and Indian Civilization:
It has been debated for a long time that the Americans were the only native inhabitants. However, many historians also believed that the Asians crossed over through Bering Strait via Alaska and reached the American continent some 12,000 – 15,000 years ago. Despite the existence of this corroborative theory and the discovery of Columbus, these findings were shielded in the veil of mystery and very little is known about the American Indians, the absence of any definitive evidence is due to the European invasion, the rulers had destroyed all possible links due to their misguided religious zeal.
Baron Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) an eminent European scholar and anthropologist, was the first one to theorize the Asiatic origin of Indian civilization in the Americas. According to Sushama Londhe, the zenith of Mayan civilization was reached at the same time as India was at its cultural peak, during the Gupta period.
In her work, which is seemingly inspired by the European anthropologist Alexander von Humboldt’s discoveries she tells us about his visit to Mexico, where he discovered that there was a lot of similarities between the Hindu and Mexican astrology. After he founded a systematic study of the Ancient America, he was convinced of the Asian origin of the American-Indian high civilization.
According to him, if the languages lacked the evidence of the communication between two worlds, the communication was established between them through the cosmogonies, the monuments, the hieroglyphic characters, and the institutions of people of America and Asia. In 1866, a French artist Eugene Viollet-le-Duc also noticed the similarities between ancient Mexican structure and those of South India.
The study also points to the Hindu-Mexican trinity, which was considered very resembling to each other. The three Hindu deities namely, Vishnu-Brahma-Shiva and the Mexican trinity Ho-Huitzilopotchli-Tlaloc had a lot of similarities in their description. The Aztecs also followed the same caste system as in the Hindu culture and practiced Sati, child birth and cremation in the same manner as they were performed in Hindu culture.
Use of Zero:
The Mayans of Yucatan were among the first people besides the Indians to use the Zero sign and decide the number value by the position of basic symbols. The logical references suggest that the two are similar, but the expression of the principle are different. The Indian system of notation was decimal, same as that of Europe, the Mayan was vigesimal – according to Londhe’s research.
Many scholars have called the language of Mayan, Nahuatl, and Zapoteca of “Hindu origin”. Be it cultural or be it religious or cosmological, there are innumerable references to the corresponding truth that the Americans and Indians were in fact of the same descent.
The way Indian temples and American pyramids have synonymous structures and the Mayan elephant symbol has more roots prominent in the Indian symbol as compared to the local tradition or anywhere else around the globe, are a strong indicative that these are not just culture and traditions spreading across the boundaries in a large melting pot but in fact a close call for historians and scholars to examine the closely linked Asian and Ancient American culture as they are too similar to have grown independently. And Sushama Londhe has beautifully and carefully enlisted her attention to these details in her work “A Tribute To Hinduism”.
–Prepared by Nivedita Motwani. Twitter @Mind_Makeup
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By Md Waquar Haider
The other factor is that the traditional players are very strong in the consumer laptop market. Top 3 players control more than 70 per cent of the market and strong portfolio, distribution, and channel reach as well as brand marketing has helped them massively. "New brands can surely make a dent in the consumer laptop market but are challenged by supply issues right now. Watch out for them in 2022 as and when supply situation eases up," Navkendar Singh, Research Director, Client Devices & IPDS, IDC India told IANS.
Dominated by HP Inc, Lenovo and Dell, the traditional PC market (inclusive of desktops, notebooks, and workstations) in India continued to be robust as the shipments grew by 50.5 per cent year-over-year (YoY) in the second quarter (Q2), according to IDC. Notebook PCs continue to hold more than three-fourth share in the overall category and grew 49.9 per cent YoY in 2Q21, reporting a fourth consecutive quarter with over 2 million units. Desktops also indicated a recovery as shipments grew 52.3 per cent YoY after recording the lowest shipments of the decade in 2Q20.
According to Prabhu Ram, Head, Industry Intelligence Group, CMR, driven by the pandemic and the associated accelerated pivot to remote work, learn and unwind culture, PCs have been witnessing heightened demand. "Despite the current supply chain constraints, PCs are here to stay in the new never normal. In the run-up to the festive season, established PC market leaders will continue to leverage their brand salience and gain market share," Ram told IANS.
HP maintained its lead in the India PC market with a 33.6 per cent share as its shipments grew 54.2 per cent annually. Dell Technologies continued to hold the second position with a 22.1 per cent share and an impressive 86.1 per cent YoY growth in 2Q21. Lenovo maintained the third position with a share of 17.8 per cent in 2Q21.
Arvind Suraj, Research Fellow, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), said that there is always a trust issue with new brands. "You won't buy a laptop in 6 or 7 months just like smartphones. In this case, we often go for existing players. Brands like Lenovo, HP, ASUS and Acer have already gained our trust," he said. (IANS/ MBI)
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Antipsychotics have proven to increase death rates in those with dementia, along with other poor outcomes, and so mirtazapine has been routinely prescribed. This study was designed to add to the evidence base around its effectiveness. The study recruited 204 people with probable or possible Alzheimer's disease from 20 sites around the UK, allocating half to mirtazapine and half to placebo.
The trial was double-blind; meaning that neither the researcher nor the study participants knew what they were taking. The results showed that there was no less agitation after 12 weeks in the mirtazapine group than in the control group. There were also more deaths in the mirtazapine group (seven) by week 16 than in the control group (only one), with analysis suggesting this was of marginal statistical significance.
"Dementia affects 46 million people worldwide -- a figure set to double over the next 20 years. Poor life quality is driven by problems like agitation and we need to find ways to help those affected," said lead researcher Professor Sube Banerjee, Executive Dean of the Faculty of Health at the varsity. "This study shows that a common way of managing symptoms is not helpful -- and could even be detrimental. It's really important that these results are taken into account and mirtazapine is no longer used to treat agitation in people with dementia," Banerjee added. (IANS/ MBI)
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* Have fun with colour and sparkle--Move away from blacks and browns and experiment with colours complementing your outfit. The traditional smokey eye can be given a touch of glamour with a dab of glitter eyeshadow in the inner corner of your eyes. It will make your eye make-up pop and will be just what is needed for a festive look.
(Article originally published on IANS life) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: beauty, party, fashion, makeup, eyeliner, mascara, blush, season, tricks