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Saudi Arabia forms 34 countries alliance to fight terrorism

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New Delhi: Saudi Arabia declared on Tuesday that it formed an Islamic military alliance with 34 countries to counter terrorism. This alliance will hold joint operations from the Kingdom’s capital Riyadh.

Saudi Arabia’s press agency stated that alliance has been formed because there is a need to fight the terrorism with all means and all collaborations to eliminate it.

Press statement further added that Islam forbids corruption and destruction in the world and terrorism violates human life and dignity, especially the right to life and the right to security.

This alliance has members like Pakistan, Egypt, Turkey, Libya and Yemen etcetera. African nations like Nigeria are also part of the alliance. 

However, the regional rival Shiite Iran is not the member of this coalition.

Saudi defense Minister Mohammed Bin Salam said that this group will not be limited to fight against Islamic terrorist outfits only. He added that a joint operation center will be based in Riyadh and from there the military operations to fight terrorism will be conducted.

Most of the gulf countries are part of this alliance except Oman. Turkey is the only country that is also a part of Nato. Iran and troubled Syria are the biggest missing names therein.

Saudi Arabia already is part of the operations against Shiite Houthi rebels in Yemen. This group also marks the start of an initiative taken by the Islamic countries against terrorism.

ISIS is a huge power in the middle east and this group sooner or later will turn against it. Saudi Arabia not only took the leadership role in the formation of this alliance, but also it will be leading the joint operation held by the alliance.

(Inputs from agencies)

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People Use Hate Speech While Searching About Terrorism on Social Media

People post hate speech while seeking answers on terrorism

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Social Media terrorism
People often resort to using hate speech when searching about terrorism on a community group social media platform. Pixabay

People often resort to using hate speech when searching about terrorism on a community group social media platform, say researchers.

According to Snehasish Banerjee, lecturer at the York Management School, University of York, it appears seems that people are really curious to know about terrorists, what terrorists think, their ideas, etc.

“While portrayed as a threat to society and human civilisation by mainstream media, terrorists sell terrorism as freedom fighting via social networking sites and private messaging platforms,” said Banerjee.

“However, the actual workings of terrorism are largely shrouded in secrecy. For the curious, a convenient avenue to turn to is the community question answering sites”.

Community question answering sites (CQAs) are social media platforms where users ask questions, answer those submitted by others, and have the option to evaluate responses. Previous studies have mainly looked at terrorism-related data drawn from Facebook and Twitter, this was the first to examine trends on the CQA site, Yahoo! Answers.

Social Media terrorism
While portrayed as a threat to society and human civilisation by mainstream media, terrorists sell terrorism as freedom fighting via social media platforms. Pixabay

The University of York study explored the use of Yahoo! Answers on the topic of terrorism and looked at a dataset of 300 questions that attracted more than 2,000 answers. The questions reflected the community’s information needs, ranging from the life of extremists to counter-terrorism policies. Sensitive questions outnumbered innocuous ones.

A typical innocuous question was: Who exactly created ISIS?, while a more sensitive question was: Do you agree with Donald Trump that we should ban Muslims coming from countries seized by ISIS, Al Qaeda and other terrorists? According to the findings, sensitive questions were significantly more likely to be submitted anonymously than innocuous ones.

While no significant difference arose with respect to answers, the paper found that identities were seldom recognisable. Using names non-traceable to themselves, the community group users become embolden to use provocative, inflammatory or uncivil language. “We found that answers were laden with negative emotions reflecting hate speech and Islamophobia, making claims that were rarely verifiable,” said Banerjee.

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Users who posted sensitive questions and answers generally tended to remain anonymous.

“This paper calls for governments and law enforcement agencies to collaborate with major social media companies, including CQAs, to develop a process for cross-platform blacklisting of users and content, as well as identifying those who are vulnerable,” the authors noted in the Aslib Journal of Information Management. (IANS)