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Say no to triple talaq, a step towards a gender just state


By Sreyashi Mazumdar

Muslim personal law has always been a travesty owing to the multifaceted interpretations of Quran. Unlike Hindu personal law which has got a constitutional sanction, Muslim laws draw its relevance from the variegated inferences of Quran; thereby making issues like marriage, divorce and property rights incoherent. Talaq or divorce is one such contentious issue that has borne manifold views on the same.


Talaq, talaq, talaq– these three words like a missile wield the capability of juddering one’s destiny or reconciling long drawn wranglings. Unlike a marriage under the Hindu law, Muslim marriage lacks a legal sanction owing to which the tenacity of the marriage remains uncertain.

According to the widely accepted interpretation of Quran, the husband in a wedlock enjoys the sole right to terminate the marriage as and when he wishes to. A mere announcement of the three words marks an end to the marriage “There are two kinds of talaq, ek talaq and teen talaq. Under ek talaq what happens is that if the husband says talaq once, he still has a option of taking it back within a period of three months.

On the contrary, in case of teen talaq, once the husband sounds out talaq thrice then there is no scope for retrieval of the decision,” Mufti Afroz Azam Qasmi, member of All India Imam Organization sheds light on the Shari’a law of talaq. “Though there are Maulvis who look into the prudery of the case, the patriarchal essence embedded in their judgement bereaves the case of rationality and justice,” cited Noorjehan Safia Niaz at a press conference.

Further a Muslim woman- unlike her counterpart- who seeks divorce is required to file a petition in the court under the dissolution of Muslim marriages act 1979 in an attempt at making a ground for a divorce. Reflecting on the prejudicial tenets of a Muslim wedlock, one would get an inkling of the inherent male dominance permeating the Muslim personal laws.

” I am totally against Muslim personal law because it opposes Muslim women and discriminates against them. This is the modern age of equality and discrimination against women is simply unacceptable in the modern age,” sounded out Markhande Katju, as quoted in

Nooran Nisa, a Muslim woman, was kicked out by her husband on the completion of the fourth month of their marriage. She was thrown out of the house and given a letter by her husband where he pronounced his decision to annul the relationship. “During fights I used to argue back but if it got too heated, I used to stop because I was scared my husband might say talaq,” lamented Nisa, as quoted in the Guardian.

Attuning to the irrationality attached to the Muslim personal laws, Zakia Soman, founder of Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan gave her views on the same in a tete-e-tete with NewsGram, “I have come across cases where a husband had decided to call off the marriage because the food wasn’t good to taste. The frivolity of the cases are governed by issues as petty as khane main namak kam hai (salt hasn’t been added appropriately to the food) and therefore the husband slaps a divorce.”

“Like codified Hindu personal laws even we Muslim women demand for a codified law on the basis of Sharia that would govern an institution like marriage. It is the wide misinterpretations that are maligning the sanctity and tenacity of marriage. There is no such law which says that the three worded ammo doles out the annulment of marriage,” she added.

Unlike women hailing from other religious communities like- Hindu, Christian, Parsi etc., Muslim women are not entitled to alimony or the amount which a woman is entitled to after a divorce. Though there is a tradition called Mehr wherein the bridegroom is entitled to give a certain amount to the bride before both of them enters into the wedlock, a majority of the Muslim women do not get the aforesaid amount owing to its procrastination by the bridegroom’s family.

“A majority of the Muslim women do not get mehr. The husband’s family fend off the ritual by saying that a woman is entitled to mehr once the spouses get divorced,” said Zakia Soman. Like Zakia, there are other Muslim scholars who endow a similar take on the issue. ” Ignorance, obstinacy, blind belief in religion are undoubtedly the factors responsible for triple talaq,” said Tahir Mahood a Muslim scholar, and an expert on Sharia laws.

Considering the redundancy of the Muslim personal laws and the kind of depravity Muslim women get subjected to owing to an inherent inclination towards patriarchy, the Shari’a law needs to be codified and amended according to the needs of the present time. Gone are the days when women were considered the lesser sex; therefore, Muslim women should be given an equal footing as their male counterpart. Organizations like All India Muslim Women Personal law board and BMMA are on a constant run to codify Muslim marriage laws. Deconstruction of the triple talaq policy will inevitably give way to a gender just state.

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7 new-age social issues in India that needs a check

Since decades, we people are countering issues like poverty, illiteracy, child marriage, caste system, gender inequality and endless to count further.

India has become a hub of ever growing social issues
India has become a hub of ever growing social issues

NEW DELHI: Indian being a land of diverse culture and heritage does have a very complex society. People from all around the globe visited India and shared their traditional values. Thus, India did inherit a lot of ethnic varieties in the span of its thousands of years.

These all things make India a strong hold for people of diverse belief, languages, and colour. And at the same time also makes India a happening and vibrant place to live. But at the same time, it also makes us vulnerable to many kinds of social issues and problems. Due to the blind and adamant beliefs of people on their religion and caste, contradictory ideas are meant to creep into the society.

Since decades, we people are countering issues like poverty, illiteracy, child marriage, caste system, gender inequality and endless to count further. But with the changing scenario and thought process of our society, many more new problems have made their way into our lives. Such things are the real evil for our advancement and growth.
Let’s take a view on some of such issues, that we need to take up seriously before it becomes too late to act upon.

Triple Talaq
The whole Muslim community has been following the very notion of Triple Talaq since long and the Muslim women were the one to face the heat of such a ritual.

The three different types of Talaq in the Muslim society are Talaq –e-Ahsan , Talaq-e- Hasan and Talaq –e- Biddat. From all of these three talaqs, the Talaq –e- Biddat was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme court on 22nd August 2017. In Talaq –e- Biddat, if the husband says Talaq three types in one go, then the Talaq becomes irrevocable.

After this verdict, for the very first time, Muslim women came in full force to stand against this discrimination against them. Even Triple Talaq has banned n 22 Muslim countries all over the world.

Indian sex ratio is drastically declined due to girl infanticide. Wikimedia Commons
Indian sex ratio is drastically declined due to girl infanticide. Wikimedia Commons

Girl Infanticide
The urge of having a boy in India has taken a very spine-chilling consequence on the female population of our country. Haryana tops the chart of such a shameful practice, which is being exercised over the decades in our so-called democratic nation. Due to it, other social issues like sex determination have made their way into our society.

To counter such an adversary, the government launched a scheme called, ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ and made stringent laws to tackle crimes like these. The result of girl infanticide can be well gauged by taking a note of the figures of sex ratio of India.


Infant mortality rate
India’s run just behind China in terms of the population also makes us more open to the risks of childbirth. Most of such death takes place due to negligence or insufficient mean to cater the needs of a newborn. Also, the lack of proper vaccination goes equally into the list of things directly responsible for high infant mortality rate in India.

To quote the very recent example of Max Hospital in Delhi, where a newborn child was declared dead without proper checks by the hospital authorities. But later the child was found to be alive, only to last another week due to infection and lack of timely attention.

Such cases bring our attention to the laid-back approach of few people of our society and thus calls for strict action against social issues like this.

Juvenile Crimes
Another gruesome social issue to be nipped in its bud is Juvenile Crime. In the last half decade, this issue has wreaked havoc in the Indian society. The crimes committed by minors have increased many folds due to many reasons like illiteracy, poverty and their peer’s ignorant attitude. Another crucial reason that can be taken into account is the migration of people from urban areas to rural places. Due to this, it has become really hard for even state administration to keep a check on each and every one.

The biggest example of Juvenile crimes in recent times can be related to Nirbhaya incident, where among all the culprits, one was a Juvenile. It was after this incident only; laws were amended to punish such convicts.

Violence against women
India is a male dominant society has always shunned women of their rights and privileges. Women were barred from all the opportunities and were confined to the four walls of the house. Even today, the birth of a girl is not celebrated in many places of India. They have become a regular subject of physical and mental torture.

Their personal freedom is into shamble till date. They are thoroughly scrutinized about their movement and clothes. Some of the social issues that are been constantly inflicted upon them are dowry harassment, domestic violence, female infanticide, sexual harassment etc.

Dowry system
The term dowry goes back to the times when it was known by the name of ‘Kanyadan’. Kanyadan was a practice followed by the bride’s family, where there used to be a gift, ornaments, money, and property was given to the groom’s family. It was done in order to please the groom so that he could take proper care of her better half.

But with the traction of time, Kanyadan has remodeled into dowry. The modern-day dowry is seen as a sin our society due to the brutal consequences of it in our society. Nowadays, it has been become a practice to extort money by hiding behind the curtains of social stigma. In India, almost 10 thousand women lose their life due to this unfortunate repercussion of dowry system.

Social issues like reservation has handicapped the flow of development in India
Social issues like reservation has handicapped the flow of development in India

A democratic country which boasts about equal rights privileges doesn’t qualify for it. The concept of reservation is a bane rather than a boon for a society like India. Reservation is a kind of roadblock for equal opportunities which are mentioned in the constitution of India.

This system was brought into place in order to uproot the menace of the caste system in India. As some sections of the society were being ill-treated by others. So, to balance the things out, the concept of the reservation was introduced. But today, it has become a hindrance to achieving a uniform growth in all spheres of work.