Monday November 19, 2018

Scars: Types and Treatment

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  • Scars are of many types
  • Scars’ treatment varies from type to type
  • It is important to treat scars as per their types

“Scars are tattoos with better stories”. The stories might be very interesting to hear, but the truth is that most of these stories are nevertheless based on some painful moments.

The most superficial injuries like superficial burns and abrasions will heal by epithelialization (formation of tissue over the wound), without any scar formation. But scars are inevitable in deeper injuries.  For many, scars aren’t too bad if they are found in a place easy to cover or are too small to be of any measurable significance.

To save your skin from the scars, make sure to treat them  as per their types.
To save your skin from the scars, make sure to treat them as per their types. Same Condition
Scar tissue

The scar formation rate depends on certain factors like the age of the individual, the site of the wound, the wound healing time, and also the skin tension.  Scars of the wounds on the trunk of younger patients, which may heal slowly probably due to infection, take longer to mature. Also, scars that have a lot of tension across them will take a longer time to mature than scars in older people and in thin-skinned areas, which heal rapidly. These scars have minimal tension across them. Surgical incisions that are made along the tension lines leave minimal and usually acceptable scars. These skin tension lines are where the maximum tension is found when the skin is in a relaxed position. The incisions made across these lines lead to the big, bad, and ugly scars.

There are many types of scars and the treatment mode for each of them is dependent on the factors mentioned above along with their types.

Some of the types and their treatment approaches are listed below.

Scar Treatment

Also Read: Radiations from gadgets may increase the risk of miscarriage: study

Pigmentation altered:

Scars are mostly hyperpigmented and when they are present in the areas likely to be noticed, it is advisable to cover them up with cosmetic camouflage or tattoos!!(if possible).

Tattooed scars:

During the process of healing, the implantation of any foreign object like dirt or soot can result in the formation of a tattooed scar, wherein the foreign object would be seen through the pigmentation of the scar. This type of scar can be prevented by taking adequate treatment steps in the beginning, with proper wound management by brushing off the foreign material from the abrasions. The treatment of these scars in the later stage is very difficult.

Hypertrophic Scars:

In some instances, some scars go through the process of formation or remodelling to be exact, longer than usual. Such scars become hypertrophic scars. These scars are red, raised, itchy and painful and finally become pale and mature. These scars most commonly occur in children and in wounds where the healing is delayed probably due to infection.

The occurrence of such a scar can be controlled by a quiet primary healing. But, even if the scar does occur, massage of the scar with moisturizing cream or the application of pressure to the scar can speed up the process of maturation. Scar revision surgery is usually done if the scars cross the skin tension lines or in the event of any wound healing complication. Otherwise, the revision is avoided as there are chances of the scars occurring again.

Also Read: Novel stroke treatment repairs damaged brain tissue

Keloid scars:

The major differentiating characteristic between a hypertrophic and a keloid scar is the lack of spontaneous resolution of the latter into a pale scar. There is an extreme growth of tissue beyond the boundaries of the original wound and it most commonly occurs in the Afro-Caribbean and oriental racial groups. It is surprising to note that they often occur in wounds that healed without any complication. The common locations of occurrence of this type of scar are the central chest, the back, shoulders, and the ear-lobes. It is difficult to treat this type of scar. Treatment options include the application of external pressure, injection with steroids (triamcinolone), surgical resection etc. Yet, the most successful and documented method so far has been a combination of surgery and radiotherapy or cryotherapy.

Acne Scar Treatment:

This is one of the most common issues faced by teens and adults alike. The best approach towards avoidance is to prevent the formation of acne in the first place and follow the recommended diet and hygiene practices. But if the situation is already out of control, consult your dermatologist who might recommend a microdermabrasion, commonly known as the chemical peel. You can also ask him about other options like Fractional laser therapy and laser resurfacing.

Scars' type and treatments is very important to know in order to save your skin. Same Condition
Scars’ type and treatments is very important to know in order to save your skin. Same Condition
Some more treatment modalities:

The options available are of course plentiful but no single method is considered safe or effective. Read on to find out some innovative inventions. But always consult your dermatologist to see if it’s a viable option for you.

  1. Compression by silicone gel sheeting: The anti- keloidal effect of silicone is believed to work by increasing the temperature, hydration and probably the oxygen tension of scar. No formal reports are available for this theory. But, this method has been in use since the early 1980s to treat hypertrophic burn scars with successful therapeutics effects to its advantage.
  2. Cordran tape: A surgical tape containing steroid (flurandrenolide), that has been known to soften the hypertrophic and keloid scars.
  3. Interferon therapy: The interferons by their antifibrotic action prevent the hypertrophic scar formation.
  4. Onion extracts: There are some products available, with this composition, over the counter without any prescription. Even though it was initially considered a placebo, some studies have shown a real correlation between the healing and these products. Safer to use on smaller scars!
  5. Topical vitamin E formulation: Vitamin E has also shown significant benefits in the treatment of scars and there are products available, over the counter, containing hydrocortisone, silicone and Vitamin E.

Always consult your dermatologist, even before buying the “over the counter” products. Your skin is safe as long as you keep it safe. Same Condition

Scars: Types and Treatment

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6 Natural Ingredients That Are a Must in Your Daily Skin Care Regime

Arun Das Gupta, Brand Manager, Skin Care of Avon India list some of the natural ingredients from kitchens and courtyards that can be used as perfect skin booster.

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How to incorporate natural ingredients in skincare regime. Pixabay

It is very important to decipher the ingredients in the product you use in your day-to-day skin care regime. As the skin is continuously exposed to such ingredients it will greatly affect the skin health, so make sure you are adding more such ingredients in your day-to-day life.

Arun Das Gupta, Brand Manager, Skin Care of Avon India, and Poornima Choudhary, Business Head of Global Beauty Secrets list some of the natural ingredients from kitchens and courtyards that can be used as perfect skin booster.

* Papaya: Pep up your skin with papaya since it has an enzymatic effect and is very good for the clearance of dead skin. Papaya helps give your skin a radiant glow and a smooth finish and it brings a lot of shine to your face. It can be used once in a month as a papaya mask or for regular use you can apply papaya face wash every day which a milder form. Don’t expose your skin to UV radiations for 2 days immediately after using papaya on your skin as it has an enzymatic effect.

* Coffee: Coffee brew not only gets us started in the morning, but it is also a blessing for your glowing skin. Grounded coffee beans mixed with honey can be used as homemade body scrubs. Coffee being a gentle exfoliating agent, the scrubs remove dead skin without irritation and in addition, it also moisturizes the skin. Coffee ice cubes can be gently rubbed under your eyes for a soothing reducing puffiness or redness around the eye.

skincare
A good moisturising face mask just before going to bed helps in getting rid of dry skin. Pixabay

* Rose: Adding few cups of rose water in bathing water can help skin to rejuvenate and bring freshness to it. Rose water also contains calming and soothing agents that help to calm down the skin and make it smell fresh throughout the day.

* Adzuki Beans: Adzuki beans are a regional beauty secret of Japanese women since ancient Nara period. These legumes being high in antioxidants also contain a naturally occurring foaming agent ‘Saponin’ which will help cleanse and tighten pores, remove dirt and dead skin and brighten your face by stimulating blood circulation.

Also Read: Motherls Lifestyle Choices Linked to Obesity Risk in Adolescents

* Milk: Milk being one of the ingredients dedicated to the divine in the Indian ritual of ‘Panchamrita’ represents purity and similarly it protects our skin against all the impurities. It will nourish the skin cells from deep within and keep skin moisturized all day. The milk protein will provide the much-needed hydration and improve elasticity of the skin proving an ideal ingredient for youthful and supple complexion.

* Watermelon: Turkish women used watermelon to revitalize their facial skin. It provides intense hydration to the skin. Watermelon is full of vitamin C, amino acids and lycopene, a powerful antioxidant that nourishes the skin. (IANS)