Thursday February 21, 2019

Early Self Regulation Skills Help An Individual to Maintain Their Health

On the other hand, children who started the study with good regulation skills were actually more likely to have higher BMIs as preschoolers if their mothers showed high levels of gentle control during clean-up.

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Parent and kid
Early self regulation skills may cut toddlers' obesity risk. Flickr

Parents who teach their toddlers self-regulation skills may help them maintain a healthy weight, finds a study.

The study found that toddlers who had poor self-regulation skills — the ability to control their behaviours and emotions — went on to have lower body mass indexes (BMI), if their mothers engaged with them during playtime and then helped them during clean up.

“If the right parenting can help their kids learn to self-regulate, they can use those skills in many other situations, including eating,” said Cynthia Stifter, professor of human development and psychology, Penn State.

“Good self-regulation may help a child stop themselves from throwing a tantrum, but it may also keep them from eating too much. Building those skills is a process that isn’t going to develop on its own, so that’s where parents can step in,” she added.

Parent and kid
The parent and child were then allowed to free play for five minutes before a researcher signalled it was time to clean up. VOA

The study, published in the International Journal of Obesity, included 108 mothers and their  18-month-old toddlers.

The children were weighed and participated in tasks designed to measure their temperament and regulatory skills.

The mother and child were then allowed to free play for five minutes before a researcher signalled it was time to clean up.

When mothers were more responsive during free play and showed more gentle control during clean-up, their children were more likely to have a lower BMI at 4.5 years of age if that children also had poor regulation skills.

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On the other hand, children who started the study with good regulation skills were actually more likely to have higher BMIs as preschoolers if their mothers showed high levels of gentle control during clean-up. (IANS)

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Study Reveals Midday Meals in School Improves Child’s Scores and Skills

The effect of nutrition appears to be cumulative, seen over time.

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Food
Food provided to children during Midday Meal. Pixabay

Primary school children who ate midday meals over an extended period were shown to have significantly better learning outcomes, according to researchers of Indian-origin.

The researchers, in the study published in the Journal of Development Economics, suggest a powerful connection between nutrition and education.

Professors Rajshri Jayaraman from ESMT Berlin in Germany and Tanika Chakraborty from the Indian Institute of Technology in India studied the effects of India’s midday meal scheme – the world’s largest free school lunch programme – feeding over 120 million children every day.

midday meal
Children showed an improvement of nine per cent for maths test scores. Pixabay

The study showed that children with up to five years of midday meals had reading test scores that are 18 per cent higher than those of students with less than a year of school lunches.

In addition, they showed an improvement of nine per cent for maths test scores.

“The effect of nutrition appears to be cumulative, seen over time. Previous studies have varied between two weeks and two years, and failed to capture the important impact. Our research shows that the real benefit of school lunches was seen in children exposed for two to five years,” said Jayaraman.

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For the study, the researchers used data from nearly 600 rural districts in India, covering over 200,000 households.

In 2017, World Food Programme implemented or supported school feeding programmes for 18.3 million children in 71 countries.(IANS)