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Seventeen Countries Face ‘Extremely High Water Stress’

India home to the bulk at risk of running dry

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water shortage
Indian residents queue with plastic containers to get drinking water from a tanker in the outskirts of Chennai, May 29, 2019. VOA

A quarter of the world’s people are just a few dry spells away from facing dangerous water shortage, a U.S. think tank warned on Tuesday, with India home to the bulk at risk of running dry.

Seventeen countries face “extremely high water stress” because they consume 80 percent of their available water annually, a situation worsened by more frequent dry shocks tied to climate change, the World Resources Institute (WRI) said.

“We’re currently facing a global water crisis,” said Betsy Otto, director of WRI’s global water program. New data in WRI’s Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas showed the lion’s share of the most thirsty countries are located in the largely arid Middle East and North Africa region. Qatar is the most water-stressed country, followed by Israel and Lebanon.

water shortage
Water bankruptcy looms for one in four people worldwide, researchers warn. Wikimedia Commons

India ranked 13th among “extremely high” water-stressed nations. But with a population of more than 1.3 billion, it has over three times more people than the other 16 countries combined whose agriculture, industry and municipalities depend on avoiding water “bankruptcy.”

In recent weeks, India’s sixth-largest city, Chennai, was the latest metropolis worldwide to warn its taps could run dry, as reservoir levels plunged. That followed similar countdowns to water “Day Zero” in South Africa’s Cape Town last year and Brazil’s Sao Paulo in 2015, WRI said.

“We’re likely to see more of these kinds of ‘Day Zeros’ in the future,” said Otto. The world’s water supplies are threatened by many factors, from climate change to mismanagement in the form of water waste and pollution, Washington-based WRI said.

water shortage
In recent weeks, India’s sixth-largest city, Chennai, was the latest metropolis worldwide to warn its taps could run dry, as reservoir levels plunged. Wikimedia Commons

A high reliance on depleting groundwater supplies – difficult to measure and manage because they are buried deep – is an additional concern, Paul Reig, who leads work on the Aqueduct Water Risk Atlas, told journalists.

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Nearly a third of the world’s fresh water is groundwater, according to the United States Geological Survey. “Because we don’t understand (groundwater), and don’t see it, we manage it very poorly,” Reig said.

WRI’s atlas ranked 189 countries on water stress, drought and river flood risk in collaboration with universities and research institutes in the Netherlands and Switzerland, using data from the 1960s to 2014. (VOA)

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Dassault Systemes Mulling To Invest More For The Development Of The EV Ecosystem

With the government setting a target of 2023 to step up the adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in India, global 3D design company Dassault Systemes is mulling to invest more for the development of the EV ecosystem

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Electric Vehicles, India, Dassault Systemes, Invest
Electric Vehicle Charging Point Stockholm City, Sweden. Wikimedia Commons

With the government setting a target of 2023 to step up the adoption of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in India, global 3D design company Dassault Systemes is mulling to invest more for the development of the EV ecosystem in the country, a top company executive said on Sunday.

When it comes to Electric Vehicles, India is the most interesting market because it is able to think about innovation, and is involved in a lot of testing and trying to find new disruptive ways, according to Florence Verzelen, Executive Vice President, Industry Marketing, Global Affairs and Communication, Dassault Systemes.

“Now the customers are looking for mobility from point A to point B that is cheap and sustainable without too much emission. So our customers are transforming their business models to provide electric and autonomous vehicles and that may not necessarily be cars,” Verzelen told IANS.

Electric Vehicles, India, Dassault Systemes, Invest
Two-, three- and four-wheelers, which are battery operated, will not have to pay fees for renewal of the registration certificate. Pixabay

“It can be a combination of cars and scooters. We are providing these industries with the 3DEXPERIENCE platform to innovate and design the innovation of the vehicle as well as the plant,” Verzelen said.

The 3DEXPERIENCE major, which offers product lifecycle management (PLM) and 3D modelling software, simulation apps and industry solutions, has just announced a partnership with Mahindra Electric Mobility wherein the latter will deploy Dassault Systemes’ SIMULIA family of applications to drive innovation via digital simulation for its existing line-up of EV models and the recently expanded portfolio.

Using the company’s SIMULIA applications, powered by the 3DEXPERIENCE platform, Mahindra Electric has performed thermal, structural, electromagnetic interference, electromagnetic compatibility (EMI-EMC) of critical parts like battery enclosures, and battery management systems for realistic simulation before any physical prototyping.

According to Samson Khaou, Managing Director, India, Dassault Systemes: “We are aligned with the country’s mission for a sustainable and green mobility landscape. EVs are certainly a way forward and we are geared up to address the EV requirements with our portfolio of industry solution experiences based on the 3DEXPERIENCE platform to address each of the segments — OEMs (original equipment manufacturers), suppliers and startups in the automotive industry.”

The 3DEXPERIENCE major is also working with several startups and other firms that aim to change the energy sector in the country.

“A few days ago in Bengaluru, a startup called Log9 Materials showcased leverages graphene nanotechnology for development of enhanced and commercially viable aluminum-air catteries which would revolutionise the energy sector,” added Verzelen.

 

Electric Vehicles, India, Dassault Systemes, Invest
Dassault Systèmes Logo. Wikimedia Commons

Apart from EV makers, the firm is in talks with both public and private sector companies in industries like marine, offshore and industrial equipment and energy.

“We have 2700+ people working with us in India and it is a very important market for us. We also have a lot of partners who are selling solutions with us and we are focusing on industries that are undergoing significant transformation such as transportation and mobility, aerospace and defence, life sciences, construction and smart cities,” noted Verzelen.

Extremely bullish on India, Dassault Systemes is also looking to open more innovation centres in the country. It currently has the maximum number of innovation centres in India.

“We have more innovation centres in India than in Europe and we are super interested in opening more. We definitely have plans for that. I hope the next time I come to India, I can formally announce the opening of a new centre,” Verzelen told IANS

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More than one third of the company’s workforce is in India and it is mulling to increase the headcount considering the innovations happening in the country. Dassault Systemes’ R&D centre is located in Pune.

“We have a total of 12 different brands which have a specialised team in India, focusing on different aspects of the technologies that we provide. We have a lot of brands and they require lots of research,” Verzelen said.

“We are very selective about our R&D centres. We have no R&D centre in China, and have limited resources in Singapore. Apart for resources in Japan and the US, we have a huge centre in France. India is the country that we look at when it comes to R&D,” Verzelen noted. (IANS)