Tuesday November 19, 2019
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Hundreds of Sharks Tangle in Oceans Plastic Waste

Almost 60 per cent of these animals were either lesser spotted dogfish, spotted ratfish or spiny dogfish

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The true number is likely to be far higher as few studies have focussed on plastic entanglement among shark and rays, said the researchers. Pixabay

Hundreds of sharks and rays are tangled in plastic waste in oceans across the world, researchers said.

According to the study published in the journal Endangered Species Research, scientists from the University of Exeter scoured existing published studies and Twitter for posts on shark and ray entanglements and found reports of more than 1,000 entangled individuals.

The true number is likely to be far higher as few studies have focussed on plastic entanglement among shark and rays, said the researchers.

“Due to threats of direct over-fishing of sharks and rays and ‘bycatch’ (accidental catching while fishing for other species), the issue of entanglement has perhaps gone a little under the radar,” said Brendan Godley, Professor at the University of Exeter.

Sharks, Oceans, Plastic Waste
Hundreds of sharks and rays are tangled in plastic waste in oceans across the world, researchers said. Pixabay

The research says such entanglement – mostly involving lost or discarded fishing gear – is a “far lesser threat” to sharks and rays than commercial fishing, but the suffering it causes is a major animal welfare concern.

In the study, researchers found reports of 557 sharks and rays entangled in plastic, spanning 34 species in oceans including the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian. Almost 60 per cent of these animals were either lesser spotted dogfish, spotted ratfish or spiny dogfish.

On Twitter, the researchers found 74 entanglement reports involving 559 individual sharks and rays from 26 species including whale sharks, great whites, tiger sharks and basking sharks.

Both data sources suggested “ghost” fishing gear (nets, lines and other equipment lost or abandoned) were by far the most common entangling objects. Other items included strapping bands used in packaging, polythene bags and rubber tyres.

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The study also identified factors such as habitat, migration and body shape that appear to put certain species more at risk. (IANS)

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Walk on Rugs And Carpets Made Out Of Plastic Waste

Rugs and carpets is one industry using these textiles, but there are still only a handful of players involved in such sustainable manufacturing

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Carpets, Rugs, Plastic Waste, Biodegradable, Recycle
The rugs manufacturer and exporter emphasises green and responsible production using non-polluting manufacturing practices and conservation of energy and materials as far as possible. Pixabay

If non-biodegradable plastic waste is a growing menace the world over, some efforts are on to put it to practical use. Every year, over half of India’s plastic waste is recycled into products, especially polyester fibres that can be used as textiles. Rugs and carpets is one industry using these textiles, but there are still only a handful of players involved in such sustainable manufacturing. Delhi-based The Rug Republic is one such company.

“Necessity is the mother of invention. Our clients needed products, which were light weight, easy to maintain, odour free and equally good for outdoor and indoor. We knew that fibres and yarns are extracted from plastic bottles. That’s how the idea of recycling PET bottles came along,” said Aditya Gupta, owner of The Rug Republic (TRR).

An IIT Roorkee graduate, Gupta converted his father’s small business set-up in Meerut into a highly profitable home fashion brand.

“Polyester is a manmade fibre, synthesised from petrochemical products through a process called polymerisation. Yarns created from recycled polyester can be repeatedly recycled with no degradation in quality, allowing one to minimise wastage,” Gupta told IANSlife.

Under the upcycling process, millions of plastic bottles are bought from waste traders, who collect them from waste pickers. After removing the metal caps, rings, PVC labels of these bottles, they are put in bailing machines, which compress and crush them into bales. These bales are then taken to a recycling facility, where they are shredded, washed dried and turned into ‘washed flakes’. Spinning units used these washed flakes to make a yarn, which is then are used to weave rugs.

Carpets, Rugs, Plastic Waste, Biodegradable, Recycle
Yarns created from recycled polyester can be repeatedly recycled with no degradation in quality, allowing one to minimise wastage. Pixabay

The rugs manufacturer and exporter emphasises green and responsible production using non-polluting manufacturing practices and conservation of energy and materials as far as possible. The carpet cleaning costs also vary in terms of various places and surface areas.

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“At TRR, we have been reducing the use of plastic in packaging and labeling material. We are also gradually making a transition towards manufacturing lifestyle products with sustainable materials, and since 2005, we’ve started making recycled jeans,” said Gupta.

“We are known for our creativity and we’re constantly on the look out for new ideas. All our home décor products are eco-friendly made from PET recycled denim, recycled bicycle tubes and recycled fabrics,” he added. (IANS)