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Just like any other plant, shrubs have been a staple piece in everyone’s garden. They are commonly called bush. Against trees, they can be distinguished with their short height and the number of stems they have. Their bark can either be smooth or rough. Their trunk isn’t necessarily well-defined. They are a hardy type of plant and can grow in different kinds of soil. They are usually 10 feet tall. Most shrubs typically thrive in sunny climates.
There is a vast array of shrub species that you can grow in your backyard.
Shrubs are suitable for landscaping. They can even be used as backdrops and garden beds.No matter how little space you have. They can give structure to your garden.
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Other than they’re fun to look at, their parts also serve different purposes. It can fancy up your garden with its flowers, too. If you’re a beginner in planting, you can start with shrubs. Here’s a list of the best types of shrubs to grow in your garden.
These bursts of colors originally come from China and Japan. It eventually made its way to different regions of the world. Azaleas have a faint smell and are shaped like a funnel or bell. Its leaves can be sharp and thin but can also be big and waxy.
They can tower up to 20 feet or more; however, there are some that are only about 2 to 6 feet high. Its colors include shades of pink, red, purple, white, and reddish-orange. They can even be bi-colored accompanied by stripes and specks.
There are about 10,000 types of azaleas available in the world. In China, it is famous for its many medicinal uses, it can be an anesthetic, sedative, and analgesic. Its blooming period goes from early spring and lasts for three weeks. Its soil must be partially acidic and is soaked well. In dry periods, it must be appropriately watered.
These flowers are from far eastern areas like the Eastern Himalayas, Malaysia, Japan, and China. It commonly grows along shore and mountain areas. They are evergreen shrubs that can size up to 8 to 20 feet tall. They have hefty, serrated, and waxy leaves. Its flowers are big and are usually 12 cm in diameter.
Its overall structure is dense, upright, and circular. These flowers come in pink, purple, red, white, yellow, and cream. The two main types of Camellias are Camellia japonica and Camellia sasanqua. One of its varieties contains seed oil which can be of use in cosmetics and culinary. Its healthy petals can be added as garnishes in teas.
Plants like camellias can bloom during the fall and winter depending on their type or variety. To maintain their beauty they must be planted in places where there is a shade to partial sunlight. As it continues to mature, it will also need an abundance of moisture and well-drained soil.
These plants are native to places like Korea, China, India, and Japan. These grow fast, robust, and live for a short time. Forsythias can develop into 8 to 10 feet in length. Its branches go upright and arches. Its leaves are slight to dark green in color during summer but it turns into a pale yellow and reddish-purple during fall. Its actual flowers range from a light to a vibrant golden yellow.
There are about 11 species of its genus. Its fruit can be used in treating airway illnesses, fever, swelling, and more. They usually have an early bloom time. Flowers are produced in early spring but it still depends on their variety. These bushes thrive in a good amount of sunlight. They must be planted in loose and well-drained soil. They can survive the drought but should still be regularly watered.
They were first discovered in areas like the north of China, Japan, and Korea. They are deciduous, circular, and thick that can grow into a size of 6 to 10 feet tall and 12 feet in width. Its flowers are about 1 to 2 inches long. It blossoms in hues of white, pink, yellow, and red. Its foliage is usually shaped like an oblong, waxy, and has jagged ends.
There are about 12 species of this shrub. They can be good base plants that attract many birds and butterflies. Its buds come into the picture within a month and will blossom from May to June. These shrubs adapt well to moist soil which is rich in manure or compost. They will yield when there’s abundant sunlight.
This shrub is often called the South African Lily which is where it is originally from. It is a perennial that has perched up stems that carry flowers that are shaped like a trumpet and bell. They can be 6 feet tall but it depends on their type.
They come in blue or white. They consist of maybe more than seven species of this kind. In the local regions, they are sometimes used as a magical and medicinal component. Their flowers begin to unfold in summer and the beginning of spring. They grow well in fertile and well-drained soil. They also prefer being under the sun and occasionally in partial shade, especially in scorching hot areas.
Shrubs not only help in enhancing the stability of your soil and the quality of air, but they can also be beautiful add-ons to your landscape. When you choose the right type of shrub, you will not only improve the aesthetic flavor of your backyard but you will also up your game in gardening.
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By Devakinanda Ji
Derived from the Sanskrit word muc ("to free"), the term moksha literally means freedom from samsara, release from the cycle of rebirth impelled by the law of karma. The transcendent state attained as a result of being released from the cycle of rebirth.
62) OṀ MOKṢHASĀDHAKABHŨMYAI NAMAH:
OṀ (AUM)-MOK-ṢHA-SAA-DHA-KA-BHOO-MYAI— NA-MA-HA
ॐ मोक्षसाधकभूम्यै नमः
(Mokṣha: Liberation, not returning to saṃsāra; Sādhaka: Seeking, spiritual discipline)
Mokṣha is liberation from the trans-migratory existence and from the cycle of birth and death (what we call saṃsāra). The topic of bandha (bondage) and mokṣha (liberation) has been widely discussed in all the systems of Hindu philosophy. It is the last pursuit of the human goals in life. The synonyms for mokṣha are: mukti, kaivalya and nirvāṇa.
There are other schools which advocate nishkāma karma (action not motivated by selfish desires) or bhakti (devotion to God resulting in His grace) as the means to mokṣha.
Bhārata bhumi is conducive for the practice of one or all the paths enjoined by the Vedas, i.e., Karma yoga, Rāja yoga, Bhakti yoga and Jnāna yoga. To pursue these paths, we have thousands and thousands of temples, puṇyatīrthās, discourses by swamīs and gurus and many others. We have the Vedas, Upanishads, purāṇas, Brahmasūtrās, āgamās and many more sacred texts and literature for answers and clarifications. Beyond showing us the paths to liberation, our scriptures tell us how to be liberated while living. One cannot ask anything better than that. The prayers from the Upanishads, is apt: 'Asatomā satgamayā; tamasomā jyotirgamayā' meaning- 'lead me from unreality to reality and from darkness to light'. Here spiritual ignorance is compared to darkness, and self-knowledge is compared to light.
The land which teaches us to worship God with 'karmaphala tyāgam, niṣhkāmakarmam, Īsvarārpaṇa buddhi' and attain 'mokṣham' is thus 'Mokṣhasādhaka Bhūmi'.
The Indian space agency is working on a fleet of medium to heavy lift rockets with a carrying capacity ranging from 4.9 ton to 16.3 ton, said a senior official. The five rockets are in the project report stage and would come into operation in the future, said N Sudheer Kumar, Director, Capacity Building Programme Office (CBPO), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). He was speaking at the International Space Conference and Exhibition, organised by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in virtual mode recently. When that happens ISRO can not only launch its own communication satellites but also enter the global communication satellite launch market.
Kumar also said ISRO is working on upgrading Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mk III (GSLV-Mk III) which can carry up to four ton to Geo Transfer Orbit (GTO). Normally rockets eject the communication satellites into GTO. From GTO the satellites will be taken to geostationary orbit by firing their engines. India uses Ariancespace's Ariane rocket to orbit its communication satellites weighing over four ton. According to Kumar, ISRO is also working on upgrading the lifting capacity of GSLV-Mk III to six ton and 7.5 to GTO.
The Indian space agency is working on a fleet of medium to heavy lift rockets with a carrying capacity ranging from 4.9 ton to 16.3 ton, said a senior official. | Photo by Laurent Grattepanche on Unsplash
He said the six ton lift capacity will be achieved by miniaturization of avionics, uprating of its three stages/engines, structural mass optimisation and other means. Kumar said ISRO is on the verge of realising its semi-cryogenic engine - engine fueled by pure kerosene- which will soon power GSLV-Mk III so that the rocket can carry 7.5 ton payload to GTO with an upgraded cryogenic engine. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: ISRO, heavy, ton, rockets, GSLV, fleet, India
In the recent past, Kalamkari has suddenly gained prominence in the wardrobes of Indian women. Commercial hubs in the city are filled with mannequins posing in kalamkari blouses, or sarees stretching out for yards on hangers.
As the name suggests, 'kalamkari' means 'craft from a pen'. Artisans draw on cloth with a pen, and colour it in with paints. This art form originated from the Mughal era and many of the scenes that artists choose to draw are scenes from Mughal gardens or palaces.
The Mughals were great patrons of art, and were known for their unique painting techniques. They would use a single haired brush to elaborate scenes from battle or from mythology. This technique was adopted by artisans of Hyderabad, who use a tamarind twig to paint cloth.
An artisan drawing with a tamarind twig on cloth with dyes Image source: wikimedia commons
These days, apart from mythology, kalamkari depicts scenes from everyday life too. The face of the Kathakali dancer, a pair of earrings, and the enlightened face of Buddha are some famous designs that people are seen wearing. The colours are usually dark blue, brown, olive green, or deep red.
Kalamkari, a 23-step dye process, is done in two different ways. The Kalahasti art type was a household form, where a brush is used to manually paint in the designs. Srikalahasti is an important center in Andhra Pradesh for this type of art. The Machilipatnam art form involves block painting, where designs are drawn on wooden blocks, dipped in the dye, and pressed on the fabric.
Kalamkari artist using wooden blocks to stamp designs on a sari Image source: wikimedia commons
One of the reasons why this handicraft has suddenly become popular could be due to the sustainable quality of its dyes and fabric. Kalamkari uses natural vegetable dyes and preferably cotton fabric as the base. It has grown as an art form, and in the fashion industry, it is being revered as an indigenous inclusion of heritage on an international platform.
Keywords: Kalamkari, Mughal, Art forms, Block painting, Andhra Pradesh