Sunday March 29, 2020

Know About the Side Effects of Using Cannabis

Does smoking marijuana affect your sperm count?

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Cannabis
Cannabis is by far the most widely cultivated, trafficked and abused illicit drug. Pixabay

Cannabis is by far the most widely cultivated, trafficked and abused illicit drug. Cannabis is a generic term used to denote the several psychoactive preparations of the plant Cannabis sativa. The major psychoactive constituent in cannabis is THC.

Dr Dushyant Nadar, Director & Head of Department, Urology & Renal Transplant, Fortis Hospital, Noida shares more information:

The geographical spread of those seizures is also global, covering practically every country of the world. About 147 million people, 2.5 per cent of the world population, consume marijuana (annual prevalence) compared with 0.2% consuming cocaine and 0.2 percent consuming opiates. The use of cannabis can cause some serious side effects.

Acute health effects of cannabis use

Marijuana impairs cognitive development (capabilities of learning), including associative processes Marijuana impairs psychomotor performance in a wide variety of tasks, such as motor coordination, divided attention, and operative tasks of many types. Human performance on complex machinery can be impaired for as long as 24 hours after smoking as little as 20 mg of THC in weed. There is an increased risk of motor vehicle accidents among persons who drive when intoxicated by weed.

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Cannabis impairs cognitive development (capabilities of learning). Pixabay

Chronic health effects of cannabis use

Selective impairment of cognitive functioning which include the organization and integration of complex information involving various mechanisms of attention and memory processes.

Prolonged use may lead to greater impairment, which may not recover with cessation of use, and which could affect daily life functions; Development of a drug dependence syndrome characterized by a loss of control over cannabis use is likely in chronic users; Weed use can exacerbate schizophrenia in affected individuals; Epithelial injury of the trachea and major bronchi is caused by long-term ,marijuana smoking; Airway injury, lung inflammation, and impaired pulmonary defense against infection from persistent cannabis consumption over prolonged periods; Heavy cannabis consumption is associated with a higher prevalence of symptoms of chronic bronchitis and a higher incidence of acute bronchitis than in the non-smoking cohort

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Cannabis use can exacerbate schizophrenia in affected individuals. Pixabay

Effect of cannabis on male infertility

Infertility affects 10-15% of couples, and it has been estimated that a male factor is responsible in approximately half of these cases. Male infertility is diagnosed with the analysis of several semen parameters, such as the number of total sperm, sperm motility, and percentage of sperm cells with a normal morphology. It is known that marijuana, the commonest recreational drug of abuse, has adverse effects on male reproductive physiology. Its use is associated with impotence, decreased testosterone plasma level, impairment of spermatogenesis, production of spermatozoa with abnormal morphology, reduction of sperm motility and viability and, more recently, with the occurrence of non-seminoma germ cell tumors.

The biological mechanisms by which marijuana affects semen quality and hormone levels are not fully known. The active component of marijuana, ?9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), binds to the human cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found in the anterior pituitary but have also been identified in the testis, vas deferens, and human sperm cells, leading to a dose-dependent decreased sperm motility and decreased mitochondrial activity in spermatozoa when activated.

Also Read- Researchers Develop Smart Jumpsuit to Spot Neurological Issues in Infants

This makes it possible for marijuana to affect hormone levels and spermatogenesis, as well as the mature sperm cells. A study found that men who used marijuana have an unhealthier lifestyle and health behavior, are often smokers, consume more alcohol, had a higher caffeine intake, were more likely to have had a sexually transmitted disease, and were more likely to have used recreational drugs other than marijuana. (IANS)

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All Private Hospitals and Doctors Should Lend their Helping Hands

It is the time when all “private” doctors, health clinics and nourishing homes should give serious thought towards helping the governments

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Doctors and elite hospitals should come forwards with their open hearts. Pixabay

SALIL GEWALI

If private medical professionals still choose to remain on lockdown at home 
then the groan and moan of humanity will unmask them forever.  

A friend in need is the friend indeed. But today one should change it a little bit to be more relevant by saying – “a doctor in need is a doctor indeed”. Because the doctors are our most wanted friends now. They are the ones who could save us from the Covid malady.

It is the time when all “private” doctors, health clinics and nourishing homes should give serious thought towards helping the governments in their respective countries by extending their voluntary services in every possible way.

doctors hospital
If private doctors and medical professionals still choose to remain on lockdown at home
then the groan and moan of humanity will unmask them forever.

All doctors and owners of “private” medical institutes should agree that this is the most “unprecedented” pandemic health crisis mankind has ever witnessed, at least in modern times. So, the “private health professionals” and elite hospitals should come forwards with their open hearts. In fact, is it not the medical fraternity who has seen life from the close proximity of the “death”? One’s materialistic possession, his high ambition and dream seems like  an illusion when deaths come knocking the door? Look at the increasing fatalities in Italy and Spain due to raging coronavirus infection. The USA is scrambling to get its medical equipment together. Is it not heart-wrenching! The government of Italy has screamed in tears pleading for help as it’s medical wherewithal is almost exhausted. What more — Prince Charles is in quarantine, so is now UK Prime Minister  Boris Johnson and his Health Secretary who tested positive for the deadly Corona-virus.

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Doctors in overalls stretch a patient under intensive care into the newly built Columbus Covid 2 temporary hospital to fight the new coronavirus infection.

This pandemic crisis is in fact an “alarm bell” tolled which should prompt us for a real introspection. The condition the world top countries are confronting should make us “convince” that our life is afloat on the bubble of “uncertainty”. Any moment our end can come. The life on this earth is no less than a temporary sojourn — the fact we can see and feel more clearly now than ever before.

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All doctors and owners of “private” medical institutes should agree that this is the most “unprecedented” pandemic health crisis mankind has ever witnessed.

So, one strongly believes that in these trying times all “private medical professionals” and proprietors of all nourishing homes and hospitals across the world should stand up to demonstrate their compassion towards the aggrieved humanity. They should open the doors of their hospitals and clinics for the treatment of the COVID patients without discrimination and with utmost urgency.   Needless to say, by all accounts, this is their moral obligation and the prime duty. However, if they still choose to remain on lockdown at home and keep silent then the groan and moan of humanity will unmask them forever.

Also Read- Can COVID-19 Test Results Arrive in Minutes? Scientists Answer This Question for You

A India-based writer and researcher, Salil Gewali is best known for his research-based work entitled ‘Great minds on India’ which has earned worldwide appreciations. Translated into twelve languages, his book has been prefaced by a world-acclaimed NASA Chief scientist – Dr. Kamlesh Lulla of Houston, USA 

[ Disclaimer: The pictures used in the article are supplied by the author, NewsGram has no intention of infringing copyrights. ]