New Delhi, August 10, 2017: A Delhi-based Sikh organization has urged the United Nations Secretary General to pass a specific resolution in the UN General Assembly.
Delhi Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee (DSGMC) under the leadership of Manjinder Singh Sirsa, the organization’s General Secretary asks UN to provide a special exemption to Sikhs residing in various countries to wear their traditional religious-symbols.
To defend and promote his point, Sirsa focused and highlighted the necessity of delving into the five articles regarding faith and symbols of their religion, as connoted by the Sikh Gurus.
In a letter, Sirsa said, “Wearing these articles of faith is a must for every Sikh man and woman. We have observed that problems being faced by Sikhs in different countries is due to laws implemented in the particular country, and the courts of these countries upheld the criminal cases against the Sikhs without any wrongdoing by them because courts are bound to follow the law of the land,” mentioned Punjab News Express report.
Among all the Sikh practices that one has to follow, wearing turbans wrapped around the head, is a must have. Any other kind of headwear is prohibited. The lessons and the practices of Sikhism, other than equality and philanthropy, includes a few more practices like carrying a comb and “kirpan” or tiny steel-sword, donning an iron bangle, and never chopping off the hair.
It is said that these administrations lack the knowledge of the necessity of these practices. Sirsa also pointed out that the members of the Sikh community have gone beyond their limitations to contribute to the economic growth of their respective countries.
During natural disasters, they have served selflessly, and they are also quite active in the political fields. It has also been said that Sikhs are an asset in wherever they settle and whichever community they inhabit. The teachings of Guru Sahiban teach them to devote themselves to the development of the society. Sikhism becomes the fifth biggest religion around the globe through ranking so in most countries, after Christianity and Islam.
-prepared by Antara Kumar of NewsGram. Twitter: @ElaanaC
Have you ever seen a witch, dressed in black from head to toe with long glittery nails roaming the streets? Or how about that ghost in tattered clothes and a wooden stick in place of one leg? No, I am not talking about some movie plot, I am talking about all the Halloween things!
Halloween is pretty new to the Indian culture, with the festival garnering interest only in recent years. However, it still is only an attraction only in metro cities wherein you might find people dressed in scary costumes to get into the spirit of Halloween.
Origin of Halloween
The Halloween party culture was never really just that; the origin of Halloween traces its roots in the Festival of Samhain, which was celebrated among the Celts based in ancient Britain and Ireland more than 2000 years ago.
Summers recede by November 1 when in the previous times, the herds from pastures returned and land tenures were renewed. But that was not all that came with the winters. The Celts believed that it was during this time that the dead souls returned to visit their homes and families.
Did you know Halloween is a 2000-year-old festival?
According to tradition, people would visit each other’s houses and beg for ‘soul cakes’ – this is where the tradition of trick or treat came into being. If they were given a ‘soul cake’, they would then pray for the giver’s dead ancestors.
Origin of Halloween has been associated with several superstitions and religious beliefs. Superstitions are a part of common culture, and they grow as traditions and societies grow. Consequently, people began lighting fires and carved faces on turnips and made lanterns out of them to ward off the evil forces that might try to possess them. Furthermore, Celts began the act of guising (the word ‘disguise’ emerged from this); wearing costumes resembling the dead, so that the spirits consider them as one of their own and leave them alone.
In medieval Britain, the culture was to move from door to door asking for food. In return, a prayer was made for the dead. These people would also carry hollowed turnips as a lantern. The candle in the middle was believed to be symbolic of a dead soul trapped in purgatory. Superstitions governed that the candle and its fire was to scare the evil forces away.
It was in North America in the 1800’s when turnips were replaced by pumpkins for the mere reason that they were available in large quantities and were easier to hollow out and carve.
Did you know Halloween was originally the time when dead souls returned to ‘visit’ their homes and families?
The festival gradually entered the American culture in the mid-19th century when an increasing number of European immigrants began settling in the USA. These immigrants that also comprised of people from Ireland brought their local traditions and Halloween costumes that were then adopted by the American population as new customs.
It was by the middle of the 20th century that Halloween became a widely celebrated holiday.
Pumping carving is one of the most common and famous Halloween traditions. The pumpkins with the demonic face carved on it are what is called the ‘Jack-o-lanterns’.
Legend has it that a man named Stingy Jack repeatedly trapped the Devil and allowed to let him go on the condition that Jack would never go to Hell. Upon his death, Jack found that Heaven did not want his soul due to his devilish dealings, upon which he was left on the Earth as a ghost for eternity.
It was then that the Devil gifted Jack a lump of burning coal to light his way, which Jack carried everywhere inside a hollowed out turnip.
Consequently, locals began hollowing out and carving demonic faces on turnips, and consequently pumpkins to guard themselves against evil spirits like Jack of the Lantern.
The Ghost Costumes
Another Halloween traditions that make the festival so unique are the ghostly costumes. Since the dead souls were believed to roam on the Earth during Samhain, the Celts began the act of disguise. They began to dress themselves up in similar ghoulish attire to be mistaken for the spirits themselves and be left alone.
Trick or Treat
There are multiple arguments that trace the rationale behind the popular ‘trick or treat’ Halloween traditions. A popular belief is that the practice stems from the act of guising, also understood as selling. In the middle ages, Celt’s children would go from door to door asking for food and uttered a prayer in return. Eventually, the prayer was replaced by other less-religious activities like a song, joke, poem, etc.
According to some believers, the modern day ‘trick or treat’ tradition traces its roots in belsnickling, a tradition followed in German-American communities where the children would disguise themselves in different attires and have the adults in the neighborhood guess their identities. The children were then rewarded with gifts or food if nobody could identify them.
Cats are unpredictable and have a royal appeal. Their mystical vibe makes them all the more attractive. Black cats are known to have a spooky connotation since the middle ages when they were considered as a symbol and ally of the Devil. Centuries later, alleged witches were often found to house cats, especially the black ones as companions.
This prompted people to think of them as allies, who then believed that cats assist witches in their ‘black magic’ and possessed some mysticism themselves. The two have been linked ever since.
Things To Do On Halloween
Are you an adult to is too old for a trick and treating and wondering what to do on Halloween? Or are you new to the Halloween stuff?
Did you know initially, turnips were hollowed out and used in place of pumpkins?
We have a fun and easy to execute list of things to do on Halloween,
Are you a horror movie geek? Or do you belong to the category who watches horror movies with the lights on? Either way, with or without company, a horror movie marathon will seem like a good idea to spend Halloween. It is going to be all the more fun when you know there are spirits (and people dressed up as spirits) roaming outside.
There is nothing ghostly in this, but there are going to be twists and turns and alleged blood. For those of you who are not into ghost stories, playing a crime-related game would be a good idea! More recently, gaming spaces like the ‘mystery rooms’ have come up in different cities wherein you are locked inside a room with your forced and have to solve a murder mystery to escape. Sounds exciting? Then you must give it a try
Bake A Dessert
Because who doesn’t like desserts? You can always experiment with the designs and the ingredients. How about some blueberry cookies in the shape of a happy face with chocolate oozing out of hollows that look like eyes and strawberry syrup for the mouth?
Or how about some candy cake with a multitude of flavors and colors?
The festival is indeed meant for ghosts and spirits but who can say no to some sweet tooth cravings? How about some sugar coma?
Sin is regarded as an impurity arising in one’s body as a consequence to his own evil deeds. It is an effect that can be neutralised through various practices to lead your life into Moksha or liberation.
A liberated being or Jivanmukta is purified of all his sins who does not have to go through any further sins and rebirth. In order to make your soul pure and sinless, practice every deed with God’s grace.
The Sins in Hinduism, sinful conduct and their remedies have been referred to in Hindu Scriptures such as in Upanishads, Bhagavadgita, Yoga Sutras, Manu Smriti and Garuda Purana.
As stated about sins in Hinduism, sin may form up with disobedience to God’s divine laws of Dharma. It may however be difficult to follow, but is considered obligatory for humans. The sins in Hinduism can be forgiven if Dharma is upholded as a service to God through self-effort and pure devotion to God.
What is the meaning of Sins in Hinduism?
The word Pāpam (paap) is often used to describe sins in Hinduism as mentioned in the Vedas and Hindu scriptures. Punyam (punya) is the opposite (antonym) of sin. It does not acquire an equivalent word in English since the concept of sins in Hinduism is different in western culture and Christianity.
Separating the word, ‘Pa‘ means to drink, inhale or absorb. ‘Apa‘ means water, combinedly meaning consuming or drinking impure water or poison. Pāpam also denotes evil, wicked, mischievous, destructive, inferior, corrupt and guilt.
It is believed that the sins of Hinduism manifests in the body with the impurities of worldliness (vishaya-asakti). The human body becomes subject to various poisons (visham) such as egoism, greed, ignorance, selfishness, desires and so on, which emerge with our attachments with worldly things (vishayas). These poisons of sins make the humans to take rebirths and deaths until they are removed completely. In the Hindu culture, Lord Shiva is regarded as the destroyer and the healer who gets invoked by devotees prayers and can remove or destroy such poison or sins to grant them liberation.
What is the Philosophy of Sins in Hinduism?
The sins appear from physical, mental or oral actions, due to the impurities or poisons pertaining to Dharma and Hinduism. The poison of sin is stimulated if one harms intentionally to others or oneself by way of pain and suffering continuing the cycle of rebirth and death.
The repurcussions of sinful acts or karma are fault or mistake (aparadha), worry or anxiety (cintha), impurities or imperfections (doshas), evil intentions (dudhi), evil qualities (dhurta lakshana), immorality (adharma), demonic nature (asura sampatti), chaos or disorderliness (anrta), mental afflictions (klesha), destruction (nirtti), karmic debt (rna), sorrow (shoka), darkness or grossness (tamas) and suffering (pida). Others include: inferior birth, birth through demonic wombs, downfall into hells, increased suffering to ancestors, adversity, loss of reputation.
What are the types of Sins in Hinduism?
The Dharmashastras of the Hindu scriptures denote sin as Pātaka which represents the causes of one’s downfall or destruction (patanam).The following are the three types of sins in Hinduism: Mortal Sins (Mahapatakas), Secondary Sins (Upa Patakas) and Minor Sins (Prakirna or prasangika Patakas)
These are the gravest and darkest sins in Hinduism leading to the worst downfall of the mortals into the darkest of hells. They can neither be neutralized or washed away without suffering. Some Puranas and Vedas indicate to devote oneself purely to God to remove such sins. The Dharmashastras have stated such five gravest sins termed as the Pancha Mahapatakas. In Hinduism,the company of sinners is also not advisable as associating with sinners will lead you to the same consequences.
The Upa Patakas
These secondary sins may emerge out of minor offenses that include incompetency to perform sacrifices regularly, displeasing the Guru, selling harmful and intoxicating drinks, disbelief in God, giving false witness, making false acclaims, and performing a sacrifice for an unworthy person or unworthy cause and engaging in illicit sex.
The Prakirna Patakas
These type of sins in Hinduism form the minor offenses committed intentionally or unintentionally out of ignorance or carelessness which can be removed or washed away by performing sacrifices (prayaschitta) or by punishments and requesting forgiveness. The law books regard more than fifty minor sins in Hinduism such as selling the wife, making salt, studying forbidden Shastras, killing a woman, marrying the younger son before marrying the elder one, killing insects and other creatures, ignorance to parents, accepting gifts without performing sacrifices,adultery etc.
What are the solutions to overcome Sins?
Fines and punishments
The Dharmashastras render both corporeal and monetary punishments for various offenses or sins in Hinduism, apart from the sufferings in hell or rebirth. According to Hindu scriptures, the ancient era saw immense difference in the application of punishments from caste to caste.
The best path to deal with sins of Hinduism is to surrender yourself infront of God and seek forgiveness with your own confession of the sin committed. The king was regarded as a similar figure to God who demanded a public confession (abhishasta) from the sinner.
Austerities and Atonement
By performing Vedic traditional rituals, the sins in Hinduism are removed by fasting, virtuous conduct, self-control, practice of nonviolence, truthfulness, austere living, practice of silence, concentration and meditation.
Rituals and sacrifices
The Vedas have recommended various rituals or sacrifices to wash away the the impurities (dhosas) arising from one’s birth, karma, relationships, place or direction related issues, vastu defects, dangerous diseases and evil conduct.
Prayers and Mantras
Vishnu Purana of the Hindu scriptures pronounce the effective importance of the continuous chanting of names of God (japam) in the Kaliyug. Some mantras and hymns are considered more significant than meditation and sacrifices to clean the impurities of the body.
Recitation of the Vedas and other Sacred Books
Knowledge (jnana) has the eternal power to remove the sins in Hinduism. It can be derived with regular reading up and learning from the scriptures of sacred importance.
To grant your devotion and gratitude, Hinduism seeks to commit to Dharma by visiting holy pilgrimage place. It is a divine form of self-cleansing and experiencing peace and happiness.
Bathing in the sacred rivers
The sacred pilgrimages are mostly located near the banks of the rivers that are also treated as purifiers. Hence, bathing in those rivers lead your life into devotional worship as a purification rituals to overcome sins in Hinduism.
Yoga and Meditation
Pranayama and meditation are the suggested methods to practise peace and overcome past sins. They also form a major part of the austerities to cleanse the internal mind and body.
The blessings of saints and gurus
Saints, sadhus and mahatmas have been given a special status in Hinduism because of their respectful purity and virtue. They acquire divine knowledge and supreme powers, with which they cleanse those who approach them for blessings.
Sinful karma can be countered with huge efforts into virtuous karma. The sins in Hinduism are washed away with kind and healthy conduct to everyone equally.
Dana (gift giving) or charity is very significant in Hindu Dharma. By conducting sacrifices and spiritual practices one must conduct charity as well. As a part of Vedas, the higher castes are under obligation to perform five daily sacrifices including offer food to gods, ancestors, sages, humans and creatures.
-Prepared by Bhavana Rathi of NewsGram. Twitter @tweet_bhavana
No country has declared Hinduism as its official state religion – despite India being an influential Hindu political party
Hinduism is not an official or preferred religion in any country of the world, according to a Pew Research Center report.
53% of 199 nations considered in the study don’t have an official religion
80 countries are assigned either an “official religion” or “preferred religion”
Nevada, USA, October 16: Hinduism is the primeval and third largest religion of the world with about 1.1 billion followers of moksh (liberation) being its utmost desire of life. India is among the category of nations where the government do not have an official or preferred religion.
Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank headquartered in Washington DC that aims to inform the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping America and the world.
The report states that a country’s official religion is regarded as a legacy of its past and present privileges granted by the state. And a few other countries fall on the other side of the gamut, and propagate their religion as the ‘official religion’, making it a compulsion for all citizens.
It adds up on the context of allocation that more than eight-in-ten countries (86%) provide financial support or resources for religious education programs and religious schools that tend to benefit the official religion.
Commenting on Hinduism, the report states:
In 2015, Nepal came close to enshrining Hinduism, but got rejected of a constitutional amendment due to a conflict between pro-Hindu protesters and state police.
Although India has no official or preferred religion as mentioned in the Constitution,it was found by PEW that in India the intensity of government constraints and social antagonism involving religion was at a peak. “Nigeria, India, Russia, Pakistan and Egypt had the highest levels of social hostilities involving religion among the 25 most populous countries in 2015. All fell into the “very high” hostilities category,” the report added.
As per the 2011 census, it was found that 79.8% of the Indian population idealizes Hinduism and 14.2% practices to Islam, while the rest 6% pursuit other religions.
While Hinduism stands up with the majority, Article 25 of the Constitution of India contributes secularism allowing for religious freedom and allows every Indian to practice his/her religion, without any intervention by the community or the government.
Distinguished Hindu statesman Rajan Zed, President of Universal Society of Hinduism, applauded the Hindu community for their benefaction to the society and advised Hindus to concentrate on inner purity, attract spirituality towards youth and children, stay far from the greed, and always keep God in the life.
According to Pew, these are “places where government officials seek to control worship practices, public expressions of religion and political activity by religious groups”.