Monday, April 19, 2021
Home Opinion What ails Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Housing for All' scheme

What ails Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Housing for All’ scheme

M_Id_442951_Narendra_Modi

By Abhirup Bhunia

New Delhi: Less than seven years are left for Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious Housing for All scheme aimed at providing a home to all the urban poor by 2022 – especially as cities grow and migrants flow in from distressed rural areas.

This means an estimated 44,000 homes will have to be built every day or 16 million every year.

IndiaSpend has identified six hurdles that the government must reckon with as it attempts to meet this target:

  1. Cities are growing: Two Indian metros, Delhi and Mumbai were among the 10 largest urban agglomerations in the world, as on 2014, while another, Kolkata is set to be among the world’s top fifteen by 2030, according to the UN. There were 0.9 million homeless people in urban India as per the 2011 Census, in addition to a slum population of roughly 65 million. More than 90 percent of the ensuing housing shortage is constituted by what are called economically-weaker sections and low-income groups, according to government data.
  2. A migrant flood is coming: People from India’s distressed rural areas, home to 833 million people, according to the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) released earlier this month, are likely to flood into cities and towns in growing numbers as agricultural growth rates flounder. About 670 million people in rural areas live on less than Rs.33 a day, as IndiaSpend reported. India’s urban population is estimated to reach 600 million by 2031, up from about 380 million in 2011. Migrants make up a sizeable chunk of India’s urban population, last estimated at 35 per cent by the National Sample Survey Organisation in 2007-08.
  3. Indian slum populations are high: About 17 per cent of urban India – or about 65 million people – today live in slums. While this data is reflected in the Census, on a globally comparable index, the proportion of urban population living in slums in India is high.homeless
  4. Land will be hard to find: An estimated 2 lakh hectares of land will be required to build homes for the poor and plug housing shortages. To deal with the land shortage, some experts have called for vertical expansion by way of floor space index (FSI) relaxations. Mumbai has recently effected some FSI reform. However, most Indian cities are densely populated, with densities running into tens of thousands per square kilometre.
  1. Maintaining standards will be a challenge: The sub-components of the Housing For All scheme include new units; credit-linked subsidies; beneficiary-led upgradation/construction; and upgrading/redevelopment of slum households. In the rush to build, the quality of construction will be a challenge. A third of existing housing units in India are already of a poor standard. This, of course, is not unlike several other emerging economies.
  2. Breaking out of the regulatory maze: Among the most difficult challenges of Modi’s housing scheme would be the regulatory maze that enmeshes the construction-approval process in India, which the World Bank ranks as among the worst globally. In India, the approval process between land acquisition and commencement of construction can take as long as two years, real-estate consultancy Jones Lang LaSalle estimates.

(IANS/IndiaSpend)

STAY CONNECTED

19,517FansLike
362FollowersFollow
1,773FollowersFollow

Most Popular

Study Highlights How An Asthma Drug Can Speed Up Recovery From Covid-19

Inhaled budesonide -- primarily an asthma drug -- can shorten recovery time among Covid patients aged over 50, according to a study. Early treatment...

Covid-19 Self-Prescription May Impact Liver, Urge Doctors

The Covid-19 surge across the country has not just led to a scramble for hospital beds but has also resulted in people opting for...

‘Humans Taught To Earn Money But Not Coincide With Nature’, Says Actor Sayaji Shinde

Actor Sayaji Shinde, who is an environment crusader along with being a popular face in the Indian film and theatre world, feels that humans...

A Complete Guide To Learn About Different Bitcoin Trading Strategies!

By Jean Nichols Everyone wants to make massive profits, but it is not an easy task as it requires a lot of knowledge and effort....

Some Of The World’s Oldest Professions That Still Exist Today

BY- Laura Dosil As technology becomes ever increasingly a big part of our lives, particularly in the workplace, there are still some jobs that are...

How The Pandemic Has Changed Working And Learning In India

As India grapples with the second Covid wave amid a seismic shift in the way people work and learn, this year and beyond will...

Can Ayurveda Be Tapped To Fight Covid-19 virus? : Study

Even though Covid-19 vaccination is in full swing, the pandemic continues to affect a huge population, severely affecting the country's economic and social fabric....

What Is The Significance Of World Heritage Day 2021?

April 18 is observed as World Heritage Day or the International Day for Monuments and Sites. Proposed by the International Council on Monuments and...

Recent Comments