November 3, 2016: Among people living with HIV who smoke cigarettes, smoking may shorten their lifespan more than HIV itself, warns a study by an Indian-origin researcher.
“A person with HIV who consistently takes HIV medicines but smokes is much more likely to die of a smoking-related disease than of HIV itself,” explained study author Krishna P. Reddy of the Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.
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The study suggests that making smoking cessation a priority and finding effective ways to help people with HIV quit can significantly improve their lifespan.
“Now that HIV-specific medicines are so effective against the virus itself, we also need to add other interventions that could improve and extend the lives of people with HIV,” Reddy noted.
In their study, the researchers used a computer simulation of HIV disease and treatment to project the life expectancy of people living with HIV based on their smoking status.
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For men and women with HIV who adhere well to HIV medicines, the study, published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases, found that smoking reduces life expectancy by about twice as much as HIV.
“It is well-known that smoking is bad for health, but we demonstrate in this study just how bad it is,” Reddy said.
Smoking is especially dangerous for people living with HIV, putting them at high risk for heart disease, cancer, serious lung diseases, and other infections.
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“We actually quantify the risk, and I think providing those numbers to patients can help put their own risks from smoking in perspective,” Reddy noted. (IANS)
They go through a lot of wear and tear and are subject to infection, pains, etc.
Foot care is very important for our over all health
The most important part that bears it all and carries it all, is hence subjected to the maximum wear and tear. Feet go through a lot of woes including pains, sweating, fungal infections, warts, ingrown toenails, corns, calluses, bunions, blisters. Except for some people who take care of their feet to beautify themselves, it is one of those parts taken for granted, by both men and women.
Feet diseases can occur because of injuries or other bodily diseases. Bacterial and fungal infections too can occur as feet are usually maintained in a dank and damp enclosure. A commonly known fungal disease, athlete’s foot, is one such condition that occurs due to poorly maintained feet.
Foot Care Tips
Choose the right footwear
An ideal footwear is one that is” not-ill-fitting and only comfortable”. The ideal footwear should cushion the feet without squeezing it excessively and distribute the entire weight of body onto both the soles. The features described are best found in a shoe with a rounded or boxy toe area and a modest heel at the most. But in the modern world, women often find themselves in high heels. Women hold the highest record of foot abuse by wearing medically unrecommended foot coverings since time known. It causes various deformities and conditions including bunions, calluses, corns, in growing nails etc. These even change the alignment of pelvic bones leading to an unfavorable impact during childbirth.The minute you experience heel pain while wearing those stylish shoes, do not take the extra effort in continuing to wear them but only in discarding them.
Disease alert: Diabetic foot care
If you are a person with diabetes, check your feet regularly for any injury or ulcer. Timely intervention in such cases is always a great help.
Senior citizens? Take extra care
As you age your ability to fight diseases declines if you do not take the appropriate steps to equip your body with the right armor. Older age people might have nerve damage and reduced blood circulation. This might lead to an altered sensation in the feet. Visit your physician/ podiatrist regularly and take extra care of your feet if you fall in this category
It is important to add foot problems too to that long list of problems due to smoking. Smoking can reduce the blood circulation in feet.
Promote blood circulation to your feet
Massage your feet gently and regularly. Avoid wearing tight-fitting shoes. Keep changing positions while sitting for long hours to avoid diminished blood circulation.
Foot care should not be a cursory affair
Consider foot health as part of your everyday routine. Wash them every day. Soak them in warm water (with soap too) for ten minutes on a weekly basis (at the least). This helps in cleaning the skin and nails and in maintaining soft skin.