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Space Exploration Critical for our Survival, Says Jeff Bezos

He envisions fuelling rockets with lunar ice water and using the Moon as the base to explore space further

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Jeff Bezos
Jeff Bezos, Amazon founder and owner of Blue Origin. (Wikimedia commons)

While Elon Musk-led SpaceX always stays in limelight, world’s richest person Jeff Bezos’ aerospace company Blue Origin is fast catching up because for him, “space exploration is critical to our survival”.

In an interview with CBS News along with John F. Kennedy’s daughter Caroline late on Wednesday, Bezos who founded Blue Origin almost 19 years back said he wants his company to be “an instrumental part” of return to the Moon by the US.

“We’re going to be, I hope, an instrumental part of it in cooperation with dozens of companies and governments,” Bezos was quoted as saying.

“To go back to the Moon and the time frame that the administration wants to do, we absolutely need the support of the government to do that,” Bezos said.

In May, Bezos unveiled Blue Origin’s vision for space and also plans for a Moon lander known as “Blue Moon”, set to be ready by 2024.

“I think it is important for this planet. I think it’s important for the dynamism of future generations. It is something I care deeply about,” said Bezos.

bezos, money, bill gates
Bezos whose worth nearly $119 billion is running out of money. VOA

The Moon lander “Blue Moon” was in development for three years.

“We must return to the Moon – this time to stay,” the Blue Origin CEO had said.

Bezos revealed that the larger variant of the lander would not only be able to get people on the Moon but also be able to carry the rover to shoot off small satellites and execute scientific missions.

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In the near future, Bezos envisions creating enormous space colonies in close proximity to Earth, as a way of expanding humanity to a trillion people.

He envisions fuelling rockets with lunar ice water and using the Moon as the base to explore space further.

“We can harvest that ice and use it to make hydrogen and oxygen, which are rocket propellants,” Bezos said recently. (IANS)

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Robot Equipped with Emotion-Sensing Heads to International Space Station

Emotion-sensing Robot Heads to Space Station to Help Astronauts

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Robot
Bret Greenstein, IBM Global Vice President of Watson Internet of Things Offerings, holds a clone of an artificial intelligence bot named CIMON, at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. VOA

An intelligent robot equipped with emotion-sensing voice detectors was headed to the International Space Station after launching from Florida on Thursday, becoming the latest artificial intelligence-powered astronaut workmate in orbit.

The Crew Interactive Mobile Companion 2, or CIMON 2, is a spherical droid with microphones, cameras and a slew of software to enable emotion recognition.

The droid was among 5,700 pounds (2,585 kg) of supplies and experiments aboard SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket, whose midday launch had been delayed from Wednesday because of high winds.

Create a companion

“The overall goal is to really create a true companion. The relationship between an astronaut and CIMON is really important,” Matthias Biniok, the lead architect for CIMON 2, told Reuters. “It’s trying to understand if the astronaut is sad, is he angry, joyful and so on.”

Based on algorithms built by information technology giant IBM Corp and data from CIMON 1, a nearly identical prototype that launched in 2018, CIMON 2 will be more sociable with crew members. It will test technologies that could prove crucial for future crewed missions in deep space, where long-term isolation and communication lags to Earth pose risks to astronauts’ mental health.

Robot companion
The overall goal of creating this robot is to create a true companion. (Representational Image). Lifetime Stock

While designed to help astronauts conduct scientific experiments, the English-speaking robot is also being trained to help mitigate groupthink — a behavioral phenomenon in which isolated groups of humans can be driven to make irrational decisions.

“Group-thinking is really dangerous,” Biniok said. In times of conflict or disagreement among astronauts, one of CIMON’s most important purposes would be to serve as “an objective outsider that you can talk to if you’re alone, or could actually help let the group collaborate again,” he said.

Inspired by Professor Simon, HAL

Engineers have said CIMON’s concept was inspired by a 1940s science fiction comic series set in space, where a sentient, brain-shaped robot named Professor Simon mentors an astronaut named Captain Future. CIMON 2 also parallels HAL, the sentient computer in Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey” film.

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SpaceX is the first private company to fly to the space station, a $100 billion project of 15 nations. Along with CIMON 2, the cargo aboard its 19th resupply mission to the orbital research lab included 40 live mice that will show scientists how muscles change in the microgravity of space. (VOA)