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Padmanabha Swamy Temple. Image source: Speakingtree.in
  • The temple is mentioned several times in the Sangam period of Tamil literature between 500 BC and 300 AD
  • The history traced it as the wealthiest establishment and worship place by that point of time
  • The architecture of the temple is a fusion of Kerala style and Dravidian style

Padmanabha Swamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala is one of the most prominent temples according to Hindu mythology and has references in Epics and Puranas. Very ancient texts of Hinduism like the Brahma Purana, Matsya Purana, Varaha Purana, Skanda Purana, Padma Purana, Vayu Purana, Bhagavata Purana and the Mahabharata have references to this temple. It is located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Here are few points you would like to know about Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple:


  • Srimad Bhagavatha says that Balarama visited this Temple, bathed in Padmatheertham and made several offerings. The holy tank of the temple is called Padma Theertham meaning ‘lotus springs’.

The temple tank Padmatheertha kulam Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

  • This Temple has ancient history. Some well-known scholars, writers and historians have conveyed that this Temple was established on the first day of Kali Yuga (which is over 5000 years ago).
  • The Temple is also considered among the 108 Divyadesams (Divine abodes for the Vaishnavites). The temple is mentioned several times in the Sangam period of Tamil literature between 500 BC and 300 AD.

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  • The architecture of the temple is a fusion of Kerala style and Dravidian style. The temple portrays a beautiful and majestic kind of architecture, metal work and painting which can be observed in its thousands of tortuously carved pillars, rising towers, sculptures and metal shielding. In order to perform darshan and puja, one has to mount to the mandapam.

Mandapam at Padmatheertha Kulam Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

  • The city of Thiruvananthapuram got its name from the presiding deity of the temple Padmanabha Swamy, who is found in the resting posture on the five headed snake called Anantha and therefore the name ‘Thiru’ plus ‘anantha’ plus ‘puram’ depicts that it is the land of Sri Ananta Padmanabha Swamy.

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  • A major annual festival related to Padmanabha temple is the Navaratri festival. Murajapam and Bhadra Deepam are the two festivals in the temple which were introduced by Marthanda Varma, the most prominent one among the Travancore Kings, and are these festivals are still celebrated.

Padmanabha temple Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

  • Also, many conventional historians and scholars say that the temple was once called “The Golden Temple” because the history traced it as the wealthiest establishment and worship place at that point of time.
  • After the recent findings of huge wealth hidden in the vaults of the temple, the Supreme Court intervened in the further opening of the vaults which might contain much more wealth than what is discovered so far.
  • For a long time, the temple and its possessions were controlled by a trust which is headed by the Travancore Royal family. However, at present, the Supreme Court of India has denied the Travancore Royal Family from leading the management of the temple.

-prepared by Pashchiema, an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: @pashchiema5

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