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Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple hides Treasures that the World never saw

The temple was once called “The Golden Temple” because the history traced it as the wealthiest establishment and worship place

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Padmanabha Swamy Temple. Image source: Speakingtree.in
  • The temple is mentioned several times in the Sangam period of Tamil literature between 500 BC and 300 AD
  • The history traced it as the wealthiest establishment and worship place by that point of time
  • The architecture of the temple is a fusion of Kerala style and Dravidian style

Padmanabha Swamy Temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala is one of the most prominent temples according to Hindu mythology and has references in Epics and Puranas. Very ancient texts of Hinduism like the Brahma Purana, Matsya Purana, Varaha Purana, Skanda Purana, Padma Purana, Vayu Purana, Bhagavata Purana and the Mahabharata have references to this temple. It is located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India.

Here are few points you would like to know about Sree Padmanabha Swamy Temple:

  • Srimad Bhagavatha says that Balarama visited this Temple, bathed in Padmatheertham and made several offerings. The holy tank of the temple is called Padma Theertham meaning ‘lotus springs’.
The temple tank Padmatheertha kulam Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
The temple tank Padmatheertha kulam Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
  • This Temple has ancient history. Some well-known scholars, writers and historians have conveyed that this Temple was established on the first day of Kali Yuga (which is over 5000 years ago).
  • The Temple is also considered among the 108 Divyadesams (Divine abodes for the Vaishnavites). The temple is mentioned several times in the Sangam period of Tamil literature between 500 BC and 300 AD.

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  • The architecture of the temple is a fusion of Kerala style and Dravidian style. The temple portrays a beautiful and majestic kind of architecture, metal work and painting which can be observed in its thousands of tortuously carved pillars, rising towers, sculptures and metal shielding. In order to perform darshan and puja, one has to mount to the mandapam.
Mandapam at Padmatheertha Kulam Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
Mandapam at Padmatheertha Kulam Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
  • The city of Thiruvananthapuram got its name from the presiding deity of the temple Padmanabha Swamy, who is found in the resting posture on the five headed snake called Anantha and therefore the name ‘Thiru’ plus ‘anantha’ plus ‘puram’ depicts that it is the land of Sri Ananta Padmanabha Swamy.

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  • A major annual festival related to Padmanabha temple is the Navaratri festival. Murajapam and Bhadra Deepam are the two festivals in the temple which were introduced by Marthanda Varma, the most prominent one among the Travancore Kings, and are these festivals are still celebrated.
Padmanabha temple Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
Padmanabha temple Image Source: Wikimedia Commons
  • Also, many conventional historians and scholars say that the temple was once called “The Golden Temple” because the history traced it as the wealthiest establishment and worship place at that point of time.
  • After the recent findings of huge wealth hidden in the vaults of the temple, the Supreme Court intervened in the further opening of the vaults which might contain much more wealth than what is discovered so far.
  • For a long time, the temple and its possessions were controlled by a trust which is headed by the Travancore Royal family. However, at present, the Supreme Court of India has denied the Travancore Royal Family from leading the management of the temple.

-prepared by Pashchiema, an intern at NewsGram. Twitter: @pashchiema5

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Next Story

Christmas and Controversies

The Christmas tree came from Germany, Christmas card from England, Santa from the USA, and secular celebrations started all over the world.

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Christmas
Christmas was invented to convert people by appropriating pagan’s original practices with Christmas.

-By Bharti Raizada

Bharti Raizada
Bharti Raizada

To my knowledge, no other festival is as universal and controversial as Christmas.

As per M-W dictionary, the definition of Christmas is as follows:

“A Christian feast on December 25 or among some eastern orthodox Christians on January 7 that commemorates the birth of Christ and is usually observed as a legal holiday.”

Christ- Mas: is the church service that celebrates the birth of Jesus.

X- Mas: X is the Greek letter Chi that is a short form of the word Christ. In Greek, Christ’s name is Xristos. Therefore, X- mas is the same as Christ-mas. For some, X removes the religious aspect of Christmas by replacing Christ with X and this celebration then becomes more secular to them. You can fill X with anything you like.

People observe or celebrate Christmas in many different ways: religiously, in a secular way, or as a holiday. Some people do not pay any attention and become part of the Christmas in a mixed way.

Christmas
Christmas is celebrated every year to celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ

Those who do not celebrate are either indifferent or wage a war against it.

Pagans are unhappy for Christianization of Saturnalia. Christians are complaining about paganization or secularization of Christmas. Some Christians believe that it is not their festival at all.

Actually, if we dig deep into it, we come to know that Christ’s birthday and life have been surrounded with assumptions. There is controversy whether he was Jewish or Christian; and whether Jews or Romans crucified him.

Contrasts between Hinduism and Christmas

Now, before we go further into the roots of this topic, let us take a glance at Christmas from the Hindu point of view. Here is how I would summarize a few contrasting points.

  1. Trees are sacred to Hindus. We worship them and believe that Devi, Devtas, or Bhagwan (God) live in them. We do not believe in cutting trees at mass level and bring cut trees inside our home for decoration purposes. We do not believe in the sacrifice of living beings/trees.
  2. We have all four kinds of weather and many varieties of trees but the Christmas tree is typically not found in India.
  3. Chimney is not a common architectural entity in Indian households. Hindu children typically touch the feet of elders, in morning, and get gift of blessings every day. The focus of secular Christmas celebration is expectation of a gift by Santa. Materialism and expectation of gift is not a central part of any Hindu celebration. Hindus give gifts on many occasions but expecting a gift from someone is not a primary theme of any celebration.

    Christmas
    The tree has pagan origins but now it represents Christian beliefs.
  4. Hindus go by facts. Hindu scriptures have a birth date for Ram and Krishn. Christmas celebration is based on an assumption- the assumption that December 25 is the birthday of Jesus.
  5. In Hinduism, one is not a sinner by birth and therefore does not depend on Jesus to save him or her. We all are part of the supreme divinity.
  6. Jesus died in place of all other humans so that they can live, i.e., he rescued humanity. We believe inkarma and therefore do not need Jesus for salvation. Someone else cannot own our sins and give us Moksha. Moksha is attained individually.
  7. Vegetarianism is a common theme in Hinduism. Christmas feasts in church typically include meat and alcoholic beverages.
  8. Hindus have so many festivals. It is not an exaggeration to say that every day is an occasion or festival for Hindus. We do not need more from other religions.

Christmas was invented to convert people by appropriating pagan’s original practices with Christmas. We know, the birth of Christ is not that important to Christians as his Resurrection. Protestants/Puritans do not even consider Christmas as their festival. Initially, the agenda of this celebration was conversion by assimilation.

 When we adopt festivals and traditions, which are not our own, it dilutes our own traditions and festivals and slowly our celebrations are replaced and become obsolete. Additionally, it does not take long (takes only a few generations) to lose our own practices.

Why do some Hindus celebrate Christmas?

  1. While Hindus do not believe in Jesus and Christianity, they get attracted to the holiday by the decorated trees, lights, and Santa. They take pictures, share them on social media, and may inadvertently give the false impression that they believe in Jesus.
  2. Some celebrate it just to show that they are secular and tolerant of other religions.
  3. Some who live in Christian dominated societies celebrate it for the inadvertent fear of exclusion, or to become a part of the process.
  4. Some do not think about it much and take it in a neutral/secular/holiday way. They believe in going by the flow.

    Christmas
    Puritans worked hard to stop Christmas celebrations.

Questions/ Observations:

  1. In USA, the Church and State are separate. Still, Christmas trees shows up in all public places, schools, and government buildings. Is there any explanation for this? If almost all government offices celebrate Christmas, then how are the State and Church/religion separate?

How is it democratic and gives equal rights when non-Christian children also have to do Christmas activities in schools?

How can one avoid this festival in Christian dominated areas? There are decorations, trees, Santa everywhere, in public places, official buildings, schools, malls, zoos, movie theaters, hospitals, parks.

You can choose not to celebrate it in your own home but you cannot close your eyes when you go out.

  1. Christians do whatever the Bible says and the Bible does not give ‘instructions’ to celebrate the birth of Jesus. They have written commandments, everything else is against Christianity. Bible has no Christmas tree and no date for the birth of Jesus. So, is this celebration a violation of the Bible?
  2. Many people greet others using phrases like ‘Happy Holidays’, ‘Season’s Greetings’, Merry Christmas, Jesus is the reason, Happy HOLYdays? Does Christmas become secular by saying Happy Holidays or Seasons Greetings?
  3. Are people forgetting the Christ’ birth part or real reason for Christmas and is it all traveling, feasting, gift exchange or gift giving, tree, decorations, Santa etc.?
  4. How is it justified to cut trees for decoration?
  5. If (religious) minorities cannot mingle with the majority and celebrate their festivals, should majority stop celebrating their festivals?
  6. By teaching your children not to celebrate Christmas, are you inadvertently making them more intolerant towards other people’s beliefs? If your own religion has a solid foundation, why are you scared of learning or teaching other religions or beliefs? Are you scared that you will start facing questions, which you cannot answer?
  7. How does Santa get so much money to donate? What does he do to earn? How does he choose good or bad children? What are the criteria? Is he better than parents are, as he gives gifts? Is it okay to cheat children and give them false information that gifts are from Santa? For how long this lie is going to survive and what happens when they come to know the truth? What is the long-term effect on children who do not behave well and still get a gift from Santa/parents? Do they start believing that they can get away with anything with no consequences? Is it discrimination by Santa to give gifts to good children only?

To answer some of these questions we need to know the history and take part in healthy discussions. A clear understanding of the festival and facts can make a solid foundation of the decision to celebrate or not.

Christmas
Saturnalia is a pagan celebration to honor the god Saturn, as the name Saturnalia itself indicates.

What were the ways of Celebrations before Christmas?

Before Chistmas was ‘invented’, people all over the world used to celebrate the coming of long days in different ways. For example, people in Norse celebrated the festival Yuletide. People carried the biggest Yule log to their home and set it on fire. It gave warmth in cold days and sparks of fire represented new lives to arrive in spring. Because of daily sacrifices, food was abundant. Festivities went on for days, until the log kept burning, usually 10 to 12 days. Evil spirits stayed outside in dark and cold weather. Sacred Evergreen trees kept inside were worshiped. Evergreen represented the natural symbol of life when everything else was dead or inactive in dark and cold w