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St. Stephen’s announces first cut-off; 99 per cent for English

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New Delhi:  Delhi University’s St Stephen’s College on Tuesday announced its first cut-off list for the 2015 academic session, with the percentage set at a staggering 99 percent for Commerce students for admission in English course.

“The cutoff is determined on the basis of the actual number of applications received. This is then checked in accordance with the seat-to-candidate ratio (4:1),” St. Stephen’s spokesperson Karen Gabriel said.

She said that if the cut-offs are lowered, then the ratio gets disturbed.

According to the list, the cut-off for English was 99 percent in best-of-four subjects for Commerce students, while it was 97.75 and 97.5 percent for Science and Humanities students respectively.

Students would require 90 percent in English Core or 85 percent in Elective English.

The cut-off for Economics was 98.5 percent for Commerce students, while it was 97.5 percent and 97 percent for Science and Humanities students respectively. Students would need 90 percent marks in Mathematics.

“The cut-off for English was very high last year as well followed by Economics since the demand for the subjects is very high and both the departments are very strong,” Gabriel added.

For students under the Scheduled Castes category, the cut-off for English stood at 97 percent for Commerce students and 95.75 percent and 95.5 percent for Science and Humanities students respectively.

For pursuing Mathematics, the cut-off was 97.25 percent for students from Commerce and Science streams, while it was 96 percent for Humanities, with Mathematics included in the best-of-four subjects.

The cut-off for Sanskrit was 75 percent for Science and Commerce students under the general category, while it was 96.75 percent for Humanities students under the general category.

The cut-off for Philosophy was set at 96.75 percent for all the three streams. The cut-offs for Chemistry and Physics were above 96 per cent for students under the general category and over 91 percent for candidates under SC/ST category. (IANS)

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Is Hindi The National Language of India?

In a country like India where more than 1600 languages persist, is it possible to have one national language without moving towards chaos?

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There are more than 150 languages in India that spoken by at least 10,000 people. Out of which, Hindi is the most widely spoken language, amounting to 40% speakers in the population. Wikimedia Commons
There are more than 150 languages in India that are spoken by at least 10,000 people. Out of which, Hindi is the most widely spoken language, amounting to 40% speakers in the population. Wikimedia Commons

BY SHANTAM SAHAI 

  • 1600 languages and dialects are spoken in India, out of which, none is the ‘national language’
  • Hindi and English, as mentioned in Article 343 of the Indian constitution, are official languages of India
  • 22 languages are mentioned in the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution, all of which can be considered as national languages or official languages

India, the seventh-largest and second-most populous country in the world, home to 1.3 billion people who speak 1600 languages, is widely known for its cultural diversity. The world’s largest democracy consists of 29 states, which were divided on the basis of language. Hindi, a language spoken by 41% and known to 53% of the population, is misconceived to be the ‘national language’ of India. The Indian constitution does not mention any ‘national language’. However Hindi (along with English) is the official language of India.

Article 343(1) of the Indian constitution says: 

“(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.”

Thus, Hindi is NOT is the national language, but the official language of India.

ALSO READ: How angry “Hindi” voters turned the tables against Congress in 1977 elections

Difference between ‘National language’ and ‘Official language’

An official language is one used for official/governmental purposes. It has a legal standing and is used in the judiciary, central legislature, and executive documents. Official languages have more to do with day-to-day work.

Whereas, a national language is a national symbol. It has a common representation of the people living in the geographical territory of the country. A national language has sentimental values connected with it, as it reflects a ‘common individuality’ (in linguistic terms) from the world.

The Indian national flag, national emblem, national anthem, national animal, national bird, or the national language, all of them are national symbols which unite us as the countrymen of India. Wikimedia Commons
The Indian national flag, national emblem, national anthem, national animal, the national bird, or national language, all of them are national symbols which unite us as the countrymen of India. Wikimedia Commons

Why India has no national language?

A national language is supposed to unite the citizens of the country under one umbrella. Other than the percentage of users, what matters more is the spread of the language i.e. if it is to unite a country as a national symbol, a language needs to have users spread in all parts of the country. As in the case of India, we have no such language.

ALSO READ: How Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism Influence Early Tamil History?

A national language needs to widespread, not only widely spoken. India has no such language. Facebook
A national language needs to be widespread, not only widely spoken. India has no such language. Facebook

As you can see on the map, Hindi maybe widely spoken, but it is not widespread. Hindi (and its variants) is spoken in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi (the capital), Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Rajasthan. Whereas, the eastern and southern states have no trace of it. Hindi, may be known in various other parts, does not command any sentimental value in other states.

Moreover, languages other than Hindi have a significant amount of speakers. For example,

  • No. of Bengali speakers: 83,369,769
  • No. of Telugu speakers: 74,002,856 
  • No. of Marathi speakers: 71,936,894 
  • No. of Tamil speakers: 60,793,814 
  • No. of Kannada speakers: 37,924,011 
  • No. of Gujarati speakers: 46,091,617 
  • No. of Odiya speakers: 33,017,446 
  • No. of Malayalam speakers: 33,066,392 

Hence, there cannot be one national language in India. Therefore, the Constitution of India in its eighth schedule mentions 22 languages; all of which can be referred to as national languages or official languages.