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Steps in Getting a Medical Marijuana Card

If you want to explore the possibilities that cannabis as a medicine has to offer, here are the steps in obtaining one

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Medical, Marijuana, Card
This card is a recommendation from a state-certified doctor that enables a patient to acquire marijuana within allowable limits. Pixabay

 

The United States is now at the dawn of a new era where alternative medicine is garnering equal attention as its pharmaceutical counterpart. One such alternative is medical marijuana. Several studies have shown the positive effects of marijuana in the treatment and management of diseases such as epilepsy, cancer, and HIV. Medical.

Federal law still has not legalised marijuana, but there are now 33 states in the US that have legalized marijuana for medical purposes. Each state has its set of unique guidelines, but the common factor is the need for a Medical Marijuana Card (MMID) to purchase and possess cannabis.

This card is a recommendation from a state-certified doctor that enables a patient to acquire marijuana within allowable limits. If you want to explore the possibilities that cannabis as a medicine has to offer, here are the steps in obtaining one. 

  • Study the Restrictions and Limitations of the State you Belong To

Medical, Marijuana, Card
Federal law still has not legalised marijuana, but there are now 33 states in the US that have legalized marijuana for medical purposes. Pixabay

Not all state rules on marijuana usage are the same. Some are more lenient than others. Find out the regulatory body governing the regulation of medical marijuana in your state. From there, you will already know if you are a perfect candidate for a Medical Marijuana Card.

For example, the state of Oklahoma does not have a list of qualifying conditions. It means that as long as the doctor gives a recommendation, you can get an MMID. On the other hand, in Ohio, you need to be diagnosed with a disease that belongs to the list of qualifying conditions. While in New Jersey, you could get a card for anxiety but could not in nearby New York.

  • Gather and Organize All Your Medical Records

Almost all states require a review of your medical records. It is to determine if your injury or disease can get treated by medical marijuana. Your medical history will help doctors formulate a workable treatment plan that will involve the use of cannabis. Make sure to include all diagnostic tests and hospitalization records.

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  • Prepare a Proof of Residency

For you to be able to enjoy the benefits that your state provides when it comes to medical marijuana usage, you must show acceptable proof of residency. A passport or a driver’s license is the best form of identification that you can provide.

  • Register to a Medical Marijuana Network

A medical marijuana network will help you search for the perfect doctor for your needs. You do not have to spend too much time researching for the correct match within your area. This network will connect you to a cannabis advocate who can patiently weigh in on your condition. 

Medical, Marijuana, Card
Each state has its set of unique guidelines, but the common factor is the need for a Medical Marijuana Card (MMID) to purchase. Pixabay

After your diagnosis, the physician will provide a recommendation. You may already use this recommendation to purchase marijuana. However, some states would entail you to apply for an MMID through their governing body. You will need to attach your doctor’s recommendation in your application.

  • Find Out the Expiry Date of your Card

Some states allow patients to use their cards for a year, while some for only six months. Take note of the expiry date so you will not be penalized for illegal possession of marijuana. Renew your license a month before it expires. It will ensure the continuous and effective treatment of your ailments.

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With medical marijuana, more patients have a chance to receive all possible modes of treatment. But just like any other medicine, marijuana needs to be prescribed and dispensed with utmost care and prudence. The MMID will ensure that this powerful herb will go to the right hands.

 

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Bariatric Surgery Leads To Nutritional Deficiency

Recipients of Bariatric Surgery may develop nutritional deficiency

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Surgery
Weight loss surgery can be a life changer but recipients may suffer from nutritional deficiency. Pixabay

BY BHARAT UPADHYAY

Bariatric surgery can be a life-changer for severely obese teenagers, but the recipients may develop nutritional deficiencies years after treatment that can carry their own health risks if not properly managed, said health experts.

Lifestyle modifications and eating healthy food, along with exercise, might work, they added.

Bariatric surgery refers to a gamut of weight-loss surgeries often recommended to people suffering from chronic obesity and obesity-related health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol level and sleep apnea.

There are many types of bariatric operations, but surgeons commonly use three — Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, vertical sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding.

By making changes to the anatomy of the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach and digestive system, these surgeries help people lose weight by cutting down their food intake, or by reducing the absorption of nutrients, or both.

Weight loss surgery
Lifestyle modifications and eating healthy food, along with exercise is better than a weight loss surgery. Pixabay

However, the side effects of bariatric surgery may include infection, bone demineralisation, anaemia, diarrohea, nutritional shortages, gallstones, hernias, pregnancy complications for women and premature birth of babies.

According to Faizal Mumtaz, Senior Consultant, Department of Minimally Invasive Surgery, at Delhi’s Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, bariatric surgery or metabolic surgery is basically a weight reduction surgery, which has an additional advantage of correcting diabetes.

“It can either be restrictive, or a combination of restrictive and malabsorption. Restrictive bariatric surgery reduces the size of the stomach. This limits the amount of food that can be consumed and creates a feeling of fullness,” Mumtaz told IANS.

“A malabsorptive bariatric surgery limits the number of nutrients the body can absorb, and the patients has be provided supplements (iron, B1, B12, etc),” Mumtaz explained.

“Post-bariatric surgery, it is very important to make lifestyle modifications, eat healthy food and maintain a healthy regime. There’s no particular precaution, but the only thing to keep in mind is a maintaining a health and exercise regime,” Mumtaz added.

In a recent study published in the journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, researchers found that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery and vertical sleeve gastrectomy are linked to lower levels of vitamin B12 and iron deficiency.

People with B12 deficiency can not only suffer from anaemia, but can also experience symptoms of depression, irritability, cognitive slowing and forgetfulness. Severe deficiency can sometimes lead to numbness or tingle in extremities, gait problems and partial paralysis.

Surgery
Post-bariatric surgery, it is very important to make lifestyle modifications, eat healthy food and maintain a healthy regime. Pixabay

“Though it is a common notion that nutrient absorption gradually decreases over the years post bariatric surgery, such procedures are highly beneficial to overweight patients above the age of 50 years,” R.P. Singh, gastroenterologist at Saroj Super Specialty Hospital in New Delhi, told IANS.

He however, added that teenagers must avoid such surgeries.

“Nutrient supplementation helps in providing the essential nutrients, but teenagers undergoing such gastric bypass surgery tend to lose essential nutrient absorption and become susceptible to conditions like anaemia due to lack of iron, copper and essential vitamins like folate and Vitamin B12 over the years,” Singh explained.

He added that iron deficiency causing anaemia is a concern in 5-20 per cent of the patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery as teenagers.

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“Through proper dietary follow-ups and supplements, their levels of micronutrients can be managed,” Singh concluded. (IANS)