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Khadi cloth in the process of making.

Khadi fabric, which is also known as khaddar fabric, is a hand woven natural fibre made with cotton. There are other variations of Khadi fabric, too, which includes silk and wool. Historically, Khadi fabric originated during the time of Mahatma Gandhi when he led the Swadeshi Movement in 1905. In appearance, this fabric has a rugged texture and feels very comfortable when worn during winter season and also makes one feel fresh when worn during summer season.

History of Khadi in India


The first Khadi fabric was made in India when the Boycott Movement began. As a part of the Swadeshi Movement, all foreign goods were banned in India. Gandhi Ji, who led this movement, was of the belief that more than sales, this handwoven Khadi fabric would bring better changes to the daily lives of people. At the same time, he also encouraged people to weave their own yarn and wear it with pride in order to establish and maintain the heritage of the country. Later on, in 1925, All India Spinners Association officially launched Khadi fabric. Since then, advanced weaving techniques have emerged and they continue to flourish even after independence.

Khadi in the Twenty-First Century

Now, with advance and dynamic techniques, Khadi fabric has become widely available, and that, too in multiple variations. With handworks like Kantha and Block Print, this fabric captivates beauty with its subtle weaves. Earlier when Khadi fabric was only limited to Nehru Jacket, now it is widely available in the form of shirt, trousers, dresses, sarees, coats, etc. Though, it's a bit sad to see how modern machinery has taken over the traditional hand-making Khadi procedure. But, it is good to see how people are widely advocating Khadi, which is also advocating India and it's culture!

Interestingly, every year Khadi Day is celebrated on 19th September. At the same time, as per the Indian Flag Code, only Khadi fabric is acceptable to create the Indian flag. And, if it's made with any other material, then there's imprisonment of three years and also a fine punishable by the law.

Keywords: Khadi, Mahatma Gandhi, Swadeshi Movement, India, British, Independence


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It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies.

Well, if you'll notice then the moon takes twenty-nine days to complete its lunar cycle, whereas women's menstrual cycle is generally 28 days! Coincidence? I think, not.

It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies. In fact, in ancient times it was said that the natural rhythm of women was to menstruate under a new moon and ovulate under a full moon.

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Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourised in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated

The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has directed Pak TV channels to stop airing what it calls indecency and intimacy in dramas, Samaa TV reported.

A notification issued by the authority states that it has been receiving numerous complaints from viewers who believe that the content being depicted in dramas does not represent the "true picture of Pakistani society".

"PEMRA finally got something right: Intimacy and affection between married couples isn't 'true depiction of Pakistani society and must not be 'glamourized'. Our 'culture' is control, abuse, and violence, which we must jealously guard against the imposition of such alien values," said Reema Omer, Legal Advisor, South Asia, International Commission of Jurists.

"Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourized in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated, as per the report.

The authority added that it has directed channels time and again to review content with "indecent dressing, controversial and objectionable plots, bed scenes and unnecessary detailing of events".

Most complaints received by the PEMRA Call Centre during September concern drama serial "Juda Huay Kuch is Tarah", which created quite a storm on social media for showing an unwitting married couple as foster siblings in a teaser for an upcoming episode. However, it only turned out to be a family scheme after the full episode aired, but by that time criticism had mounted on HUM TV for using the themes of incest to drive the plot, the report said. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: Pakistan, Islam, Serials, Dramas, Culture, Teachings.


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Dozens of female high school and university students in Afghanistan have joined vocational centers to learn tailoring and cosmetology

Dozens of female high school and university students in Afghanistan have joined vocational centers to learn tailoring and cosmetology as the women and girls have been banned from school and university since the Taliban took over the country, Tolo News reported.

According to these girls, sitting at home is very difficult for them, therefore they are willing to learn a profession.

"It has been a couple of months that we are at home since schools and universities were closed. We have to learn a profession or a job because we can't sit like this at home," said Samira Sharifi, a student.

"I want to learn a profession for my future to help my family, we want our schools to be opened so that we can carry on with our education," said Mahnaz Ghulami, a student.

Most of the trainees in the vocational centres are students of high schools and universities.

After the closure of high schools and universities across Afghanistan, Herat female students have started gaining vocational training in the province.

"We have decided to learn tailoring along with our education," said Shaqaiq Ganji, a student.

"It's necessary for every woman to learn tailoring to help her family and her husband, especially in this bad economic situation," said Laili Sofizada, a teacher.

Due to the closure of schools and universities, the number of students in vocational centers doubled compared to recent years, the report added.

"Our classes had the capacity of 20 to 25 students but we increased it to 45 students, because most of the students have lost their spirit, and their schools and universities have closed," said Fatima Tokhi, director of technical and professional affairs at the Herat department of labour and social affairs.

The Labour and Social Affairs department of Herat said the department is working to provide more opportunities for Herat girls and women to learn vocational training.

"The art and professional sector and the kindergarten departments have started their activities, we support them and supervise their activities," said Mulla Mohammad Sabit, head of the labour and social affairs of Herat.

During the past two months, most of the women and girls who worked in state and private institutions lost their jobs and are trying to learn handicrafts and vocational training. (IANS/JB)


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