Sunday July 22, 2018

Study: Flavours in E-cigarettes Attracting Smokers

Tobacco-flavoured first purchases almost halved during this time from 46.0 per cent pre-2011 to 24.0 per cent between 2015-2016

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The researchers also looked at the flavour first time users typically used when starting to vape.
The researchers also looked at the flavour first time users typically used when starting to vape. Pixabay
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Flavours in e-vapours are attracting and retaining smokers into the vaping category, a US-based study has found.

The findings suggest that the majority of e-vapour product users, who had switched from smoking cigarettes to using vaping products, are shown to have increasingly likely initiated vaping with non-tobacco flavours, and to have transitioned from tobacco to non-tobacco flavours over time.

“The results show that non-tobacco flavours, especially fruit based flavours, are being increasingly preferred to tobacco flavours by adult vapers who have completely switched from combustible cigarettes to vapour products,” said lead author Christopher Russell, Deputy Director of Centre for Substance Use Research (CSUR).

For the study, published in the Harm Reduction Journal, the researchers assessed the first flavour and current e-vapour product flavour used by 20,836 adult frequent vapers.

The researchers found that nearly 16,000 had completely switched from smoking to vaping, while 5,000 were dual users who were smoking and using e-vapour products.

e-cigarette-
E-Cigarette. Pixabay

In the study the most popular currently used e-vapour flavours in the US were fruit/fruit beverage, where up to 82.9 per cent of sampled users reporting regular purchase and use of vape liquids in this category.

This was followed by dessert/pastry flavours at 68.5 per cent while tobacco and menthol flavours ranked as the fifth and sixth most popular currently used flavours respectively.

The researchers also looked at the flavour first time users typically used when starting to vape.

Also Read: Passive Smoking May Spike up Snoring Risk in Kids

The proportion of first vaping product purchases that were fruit-flavoured increased from 17.8 per cent, of first purchases made before 2011, to 33.5 per cent between June 2015 and June 2016, the researchers said.

Tobacco-flavoured first purchases almost halved during this time from 46.0 per cent pre-2011 to 24.0 per cent between 2015-2016, they added. (IANS)

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Smokers Put Their Kids’ Heart in Danger

The study published in the European Heart Journal, however, did not show an effect if only one parent smoked

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The study shows that exposure to passive smoke in childhood causes a direct and irreversible damage to the structure of the arteries
The study shows that exposure to passive smoke in childhood causes a direct and irreversible damage to the structure of the arteries. Pixabay

Do you smoke when your kids are around? It’s time to change your habits as exposure to passive smoking can increase risks of heart attacks and strokes in your children at later ages, a study said.

The team of researchers from Tasmania, Australia and Finland found that exposure to smoking in childhood thickens arteries’ walls which, in turn, ups the risks of heart attack and stroke.

“The study shows that exposure to passive smoke in childhood causes a direct and irreversible damage to the structure of the arteries,” said Seana Gall, research fellow at the Menzies Research Institute, Tasmania, and University of Tasmania.

The 3,776 children who participated in the research were aged between three and 18 at the start of the studies.

kid
Exposure to smoking in childhood thickens arteries’ walls which, in turn, ups the risks of heart attack and stroke. Pixabay

The researchers asked questions about parents’ smoking habits and they used ultrasound to measure the thickness of the children’s artery walls once they had reached adulthood.
The researchers found that carotid intima-media thickness, a measurement of the thickness of the innermost two layers of the arterial wall, in adulthood was 0.015 mm thicker in those exposed to both parents smoking than in those whose parents did not smoke.

Also Read: Passive Smoking May Spike up Snoring Risk in Kids

The study published in the European Heart Journal, however, did not show an effect if only one parent smoked.

“We think that the effect was only apparent with both parents smoking because of the greater overall dose of smoke these children were exposed to,” said Gall. (IANS)