Sunday December 8, 2019

Study: Smoking During Pregnancy can Cause Hearing Loss in Baby

Children who were exposed to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and second-hand smoke at 4 months had a 2.4 times increased relative risk

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Pregnancy, air pollution
Sleeping for long hours during pregnancy linked to stillbirths. Pixabay

If you are planning to start motherhood, quit smoking, say researchers. Exposing your baby to tobacco smoke during pregnancy or after the birth may cause hearing impairment in them.

According to the researchers, babies who were exposed to smoking during pregnancy had a 68 per cent increased relative risk of developing hearing problems.

“This study clearly shows that preventing exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and postnatally may reduce the risk of hearing problems in children,” said Koji Kawakami from the Kyoto University in Japan.

The study, published in the journal Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, included data from 50,734 children aged 3 years.

Representational image.
Representational image. Pixabay

Out of the group, 3.8 per cent were exposed to smoking only during pregnancy, 3.9 per cent were exposed only to second-hand smoke at 4 months and 0.9 per cent were exposed to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and at 4 months.

The results showed that the prevalence of hearing impairment among babies aged three who were exposed to smoke was 4.6 per cent while those exposed to only second-hand smoke at 4 months had a 30 per cent increased relative risk.

Also Read: Research Shows Smoking Affects Leg Muscles

Children who were exposed to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and second-hand smoke at 4 months had a 2.4 times increased relative risk.

“The findings remind us of the need to continue strengthening interventions to prevent smoking before and during pregnancy and exposure to second-hand smoke in children,” Kawakami added. (IANS)

Next Story

Study Says, Flavours Attract Youth and Adults to Use E-Cigarettes

The researchers found that five studies indicates that the non-menthol flavours in e-cigarettes decrease the perception that e-cigarettes are harmful, particularly fruit and candy flavours

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Flavours
Among youth, Flavours increase not only preferences for e-cigarettes but they also increase e-cigarette product appeal, willingness to use, susceptibility to use and initiation, as well as decrease e-cigarette product harm perceptions. Pixabay

Researchers have found that non-menthol Flavours attract youth and adults to use e-cigarettes and contributes to multiple pathways linked to the higher use among youngsters.

The study published in the British Medical Journal Open, researchers reviewed 51 articles, including 17 published before 2016 and 34 published between 2016 and 2018.

“The use of e-cigarettes among youth may be a gateway to future cigarette use, and nicotine is especially harmful to developing adolescent brains,” said the study’s lead author Hannah Baker from the University of North Carolina.

“These facts, along with biomedical research linking vaping to multiple adverse health effects, make the recent precipitous increase in e-cigarette use among youth particularly alarming,” Baker added.

The researchers found that five studies indicates that the non-menthol flavours in e-cigarettes decrease the perception that e-cigarettes are harmful, particularly fruit and candy flavours.

Six studies indicate that flavours increase the willingness of youth and young adults to try or initiate the use of e-cigarettes. Seven studies showed that the flavours increase product appeal among adults, the study said.

According to the researchers, the five studies revealed that flavours are a primary reason for adults to use e-cigarettes.

Flavours
Researchers have found that non-menthol Flavours attract youth and adults to use e-cigarettes and contributes to multiple pathways linked to the higher use among youngsters. Pixabay

“Consistent evidence shows that flavours attract both youth and adults to use e-cigarettes,” said the study’s researcher Adam Goldstein.

“Given the fact that nicotine is highly addictive and can affect brain development – as well as these clear findings that the impact of flavours on youth is strong and consistent, we believe that banning non-menthol flavours in e-cigarettes will help reduce the epidemic of youth e-cigarette use,” Goldstein said.

ALSO READ: Dine Alone To Cut Your Food Intake And Get in Shape: Study

“Among youth, flavours increase not only preferences for e-cigarettes but they also increase e-cigarette product appeal, willingness to use, susceptibility to use and initiation, as well as decrease e-cigarette product harm perceptions,” Goldstein added. (IANS)

One response to “Study Says, Flavours Attract Youth and Adults to Use E-Cigarettes”

  1. Yes, you dimwit. Why do you think e-cigarettes are TWICE as effective as nicotine gum, nicotine patches, and nicotine lozenges in quitting cigarettes? They also OVER 95% SAFER than tobacco cigarettes. FORCING tens of millions of ex-smokers back onto cigarettes is NOT the answer.

    Yes, use by underage and nonsmokers is NOT appropriate. But that is a COMPLETELY SEPARATE issue. To address this we need to 1) strictly control ALL tobacco and nicotine
    advertising and media, 2) strictly control all; a retailer either needs to sell responsibly or not at all, and 3) limit nicotine content so teenagers stop using JUUL to get high.

    Now bug off and GET A LIFE!