Friday December 13, 2019

Suicide Every Year Takes Lives of Estimated 800,000 People

The WHO said Monday suicides are preventable and fewer people would die by self-inflicted means

0
//
Suicide, Lives, People
FILE - Some of the 660 American flags on display, illustrating the number of U.S. veterans who commit suicide each year, are seen by the banner on the church lawn of St. Peter's Reformed Church, in Zelienople, Pa., Aug. 30, 2019. VOA

On the eve of World Suicide Prevention Day on Tuesday, the World Health Organization is calling for action to stop the global epidemic, which every year takes the lives of an estimated 800,000 people.

The WHO said Monday suicides are preventable and fewer people would die by self-inflicted means if more nations employed proven suicide prevention strategies.  And yet, the United Nations agency says only 38 countries are taking life-saving actions.

Every 40 seconds, one person around the world commits suicide, with young people particularly vulnerable, WHO reported.  Data show suicide is the second-leading cause of death among those between the ages of 15 and 29, and is the leading cause of death among teenage girls between the ages of 15 and 19.

The report finds the highest number of suicides — 79 percent — are in low-and medium-income countries, while suicide rates are highest in the richer countries.

Suicide, Lives, People
On the eve of World Suicide Prevention Day on Tuesday, the World Health Organization is calling for action to stop the global epidemic, which every year takes the lives. Pixabay

Alexandra Fleischmann, WHO scientist in the department of mental health and substance abuse,said pesticide self-poisoning is a common means of suicide in agricultural areas of poorer nations.

“About one-fifth of all suicides are happening with this method,” she said. “And, we know that it oftentimes is happening out of the moment because of distress, impulsively.

“Usually the persons are ambivalent about taking their own lives.  And, in this moment, they should not have the quick and ready access to the means to commit suicide,” Fleischmann said.

She added many of these suicides can be prevented by banning highly hazardous pesticides in high-risk countries.  She said preventive measures also should be taken in regard to other common methods of suicide, notably hanging and firearms.

Also Read- Decades of Rising Temperatures Melts More than A Third of Sweden’s Highest Peak

WHO reported important risk factors include a previous suicide attempt, mental health problems, depression, loss, stress, violence and alcohol abuse.

Interventions with a proven record of success include restricting access to means, responsible media reporting that does not glamorize suicide, and teaching young people how to cope with life’s stresses. (VOA)

Next Story

Physical illness And injury Raises The Risk of Suicide in Men, Not Women: Study

The researchers also found new potential risk patterns, including that diagnoses and prescriptions four years before a suicide were more important to prediction than diagnoses

0
Men
Suicide is incredibly challenging to predict, because every suicide death is the result of multiple interacting risk factors in one's life, Especially for Men. Pixabay

When it comes to identify who is more at suicide risk, scientists have found that physical illness and injury raises the risk of Suicide in Men but not women, along with a plethora of other insights into the complex factors that may increase a person’s risk of suicide.

The study, led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) and published in JAMA Psychiatry, is the first to use data from the population of an entire country (Denmark) and parse it with a Machine Learning (ML) system to identify suicide risk factors.

“Suicide is incredibly challenging to predict, because every suicide death is the result of multiple interacting risk factors in one’s life,” said lead study author Dr Jaimie Gradus, associate professor of epidemiology at BUSPH.

Dr Gradus and her colleagues looked at thousands of factors in the health histories of 14,103 individuals who died from suicide in the country from 1995 through 2015, and the health histories of 265,183 other Danes in the same period, using a machine-learning system to look for patterns.

Many of the study’s findings confirmed previously-identified risk factors, such as psychiatric disorders and related prescriptions.

Men
When it comes to identify who is more at suicide risk, scientists have found that physical illness and injury raises the risk of Suicide in Men but not women, along with a plethora of other insights into the complex factors that may increase a person’s risk of suicide. Pixabay

The researchers also found new potential risk patterns, including that diagnoses and prescriptions four years before a suicide were more important to prediction than diagnoses and prescriptions six months before, and that physical health diagnoses were particularly important to men’s suicide prediction but not women’s.

ALSO READ: JBL Unveils its New Wireless Earbuds in India

“The findings of this study do not create a model for perfectly predicting suicide”, said Dr Gradus, in part because medical records rarely include the more immediate experiences — such as the loss of a job or relationship — that combine with these longer-term factors to precipitate suicide.

The findings, however, point to new factors to examine in working to prevent this persistent public health issue. (IANS)