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BY SIDDHI JAIN With temperatures crossing 45 degrees Celsius in certain parts of India, the summer sun can harm the eyes leading to a host of infections and diseases, in addition to several other physical issues. Eye problems caused by sun and heat are early cataract formation, pterygium (yellowish white tissue which grows on the conjunctiva and invades the cornea), pinguecula (small yellowish white patch of tissue in the conjunctiva) and degenerative changes in the retina.
These health tips help eye infections to a large extent. According to Ramesh Pillai, Senior Corporate Optometrist, Eyewear Division, Titan Company Ltd., some of the eye infections which one needs to be wary of in the summer and the monsoon times are:
Conjunctivitis is a term which most of us are familiar with. It is nothing but the inflammation of Conjunctiva (a thin transparent tissue which lines the white part of the eye ball). It can be in the acute or in the chronic form and are usually self-limited lasting a maximum of two weeks if untreated. Conjunctivitis often occurs in epidemic form and is called as ï¿½pink eye’ in laymen’s term. It is associated with redness and a moderate amount of mucus discharge, irritation and stickiness of the eye lids on waking with occasional swelling of the eye lids. This is primarily caused by bacterial infection in warm climates. Having said that, conjunctivitis can be caused by viral and fungal infections as well. Hence it is important you consult an eye doctor or ophthalmologist before taking any medication. Since it is an epidemic form, one should isolate themselves if they have conjunctivitis and should avoid touching others and also avoid using objects like towels and personal products used by the affected person. To prevent the spread of the disease, the person who is infected and the family should be instructed to give special attention to their personal hygiene.
Allergic Conjunctivitis is also known as seasonal or warm weather conjunctivitis. It is an uncommon allergic disease which usually affects both the eyes and usually begins in the pre puberty age and lasts for 5-10 years. It is more common in boys than in girls. The identity of the specific allergen or allergens can help in treating the disease but it always remains a mystery. In most of the cases, some of the manifestations shown is known to be related to grass pollen sensitivity. The disease is less common in temperate than in warm climates and is almost nonexistent in cold climates. It is almost more severe during the spring, summer and fall than in the winter. Symptoms associated with this form of conjunctivitis include extreme itching sensation, a ropy discharge and sensitivity to light. Cold compresses and ice packs are helpful and sleeping in cool, air conditioned rooms can keep the person reasonably comfortable. In case of severe symptoms, one needs to consult an eye doctor/ophthalmologist for proper treatment with medication. Recurrences are the rule, particularly in the spring and summer but after number of recurrences the conjunctivitis heals leaving no scars.
Stye is a common bacterial infection of the lid glands that is characterized by a localized red, swollen and acutely tender area on the eye lid. It is essentially an abscess, with accumulation of puss formation in the cted glands. Pain is the primary symptom and the intensity of the pain is in direct proportion to the amount of the lid swelling. Treatment of Stye is with warm compresses for 10-15 minutes, 3-4 times a day followed with a medication. If the swelling doesn’t get resolved within 48 hours, then you may have to consult an eye doctor for getting the right medication and treatment. Recurrent styes are also known to occur if the eyes have less amount of uncorrected refractive error. Hence it is advisable to get the power checked as well by an Optometrist or an Ophthalmologist.
Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry Eye Syndrome is the deficiency in any of the tear film components which may lead to loss of the tear film’s stability. This will cause rapid break-up of tear film, and appearance of dry spots on the ocular surface. Dryness of the eye may therefore result from any disease associated with deficiency of the tear film components which includes the aqueous, mucin and lipid layer. Symptoms of dry eyes can be scratchy or sandy (foreign body) sensation. Other common symptoms are itching, excessive mucous secretion, burning sensation, redness, pain and photosensitivity (inability to tolerate light). Treatment involves prescribing tear substitutes based on the deficiency of the tear film component which is established through certain investigative tests done in the eye clinics/hospitals.
While Dry Eye is more to do with the deficiency of the eye to produce enough tears or to do with the tear film’s instability, high temperatures during summer can only aggravate this condition by fast evaporation of the tear film. Hence using tight goggles and use of humidifier can bring in a huge sigh of relief for people with moderate to severe dry eye problems.
The best way to prevent your eyes from getting any of these eye infections is by following these simple steps.
Maintain a good personal hygiene. Avoid touching the eyes very frequently. Build a good immunity by regular exercise and healthy eating. Hydrate yourself by drinking lots and lots of water and having fluids rich in nutrients – Have a minimum of two liters of water a day
Protect your eyes from the dust, dirt and the harmful UV rays by using a good pair of sunglasses. The best way to keep your eyes protected from the harmful effects of the UV rays from the sun is by wearing a good pair of oversized polarized wraparound sunglasses which offers 100 percent UV protection and at the same time offers great comfort from the harmful glare of the sunlight.
Protecting your eyes from harmful blue rays by using blue filter lenses. A good night’s sleep gives your eyes a chance to rest, heal and replenish so that your eyes can stay healthy
Get your eyes examined periodically at least once in a year by a qualified Optometrist/Ophthalmologist so that any problem pertaining to vision or the eye health can be diagnosed at an early stage and can be treated immediately. (IANS)
With the festive season on in full swing, iconic brand Johnnie Walker, is all set to re-energize the country's after-hour culture. Through its one-of-a-kind campaign #RevibeTheNight, the brand brings together beloved music artists like Divine, Ritviz, Lisa Mishra, Taba Chake along with popular indie bands like When Chai Met Toast and Mad Boy Mink, among others to perform live across iconic community spaces in India.
The collaborative effort by Johnnie Walker aims to bring back the after-hour culture through live performances across popular hotspots in India. The brand's goal is drive social regeneration in India and bring back the vibe of socializing through local music artists and reignite the trade, driving social culture by executing the live events with Covid measures in place and a limited capacity audience capacity.
The collaborative effort by Johnnie Walker aims to bring back the after-hour culture through live performances across popular hotspots in India. | Photo by Vishnu R Nair on Unsplash
Prior to the world going into lockdown, the after-hour culture in India bloomed at celebrated community hubs, that eventually became a safe-haven for individuals, a place where they found their sense of self-expression and belonging, that fuelled progress. This community was driven through the culture of live music and enthralling performances that created their very own vibe, a vibe that built extraordinary, forever-lasting relationships. Through #ReVibeTheNight, one can reconnect with this community bringing music curated by artists who have a history of captivating crowds with their one-of-a-kind live experiences. Catch the gigs and live performances for artists in these venues/cities for the live performances.
(Artiicle originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: johnnie walker, social, #revibethenight, performances, community, artists, culture, festivity, begin
By Nikhila Natarajan
In a continuing study on the effects of machine learning (ML) on public conversation, Twitter has confirmed that its algorithms amplify right-leaning political content. "In six out of seven countries - all but Germany - tweets posted by accounts from the political right receive more algorithmic amplification than the political left when studied as a group," Twitter blogged.
"Right-leaning news outlets, as defined by the independent organisations, see greater algorithmic amplification on Twitter compared to left-leaning news outlets." Since 2016, Twitter users are able to choose between viewing algorithmically ordered tweets first in their home timeline or viewing the most recent tweets in reverse chronological order.
"An algorithmic home timeline displays a stream of tweets from accounts we have chosen to follow on Twitter, as well as recommendations of other content Twitter thinks we might be interested in based on accounts we interact with frequently, tweets we engage with, and more. "As a result, what we see on our timeline is a function of how we interact with Twitter's algorithmic system, as well as how the system is designed."
The new research is based on tweets of elected officials of House of Commons members in Canada, the French National Assembly, the German Bundestag, House of Representatives in Japan, Congress of Deputies of Spain, House of Commons in the UK, and official and personal accounts of House of Representatives and Senate members in the US, as well as news outlets, from April 1 to August 15, 2020.
Tweets about political content from elected officials, regardless of party or whether the party is in power, do see algorithmic amplification when compared to political content on the reverse chronological timeline. | Photo by Sara Kurfeß on Unsplash
The study was conducted by Ferenc Huszar (Twitter, University of Cambridge), Sofia Ira Ktena (now at DeepMind Technologies), Conor O'Brien (Twitter), Luca Belli (Twitter), Andrew Schlaikjer (Twitter), and Moritz Hardt (UC Berkeley).
The questions probed were:
How much algorithmic amplification does political content from elected officials receive in Twitter's algorithmically ranked Home timeline versus in the reverse chronological timeline? Does this amplification vary across political parties or within a political party?
Are some types of political groups algorithmically amplified more than others? Are these trends consistent across countries?
Are some news outlets amplified more by algorithms than others? Does news media algorithmic amplification favour one side of the political spectrum more than the other?
Tweets about political content from elected officials, regardless of party or whether the party is in power, do see algorithmic amplification when compared to political content on the reverse chronological timeline. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: algorithmically, timeline, algorithmic, tweets, political, survey, twitter, study, germany, skew
Even as India celebrates reaching a milestone of 100 crore Covid vaccine doses, Snapdeal co-founder and COO Rohit Bansal on Friday lauded a man who facilitated 64 registrations for the vaccine on the CoWin portal. In a video shared on his Facebook and Twitter page, Bansal hailed Sonu Kumar as a "citizen celebrity".
Bansal said that Kumar not only helped "just co-workers and family but complete strangers too. With patience, empathy and uncanny jugaad". He added that Kumar joined him "many moons ago" and completed his open school from a parking lot.
"Education has helped this wonderful man enable others to get India back on track. Bravo! The CoWin portal on Thursday mentioned that a total of 100 crore vaccine doses has been administered so far to the eligible population under the vaccination drive in India, nine months after the nationwide inoculation programme was started to protect the people against Covid-19.
"It's a cause of significant celebration and happiness," Bansal said in the video. He said that while people just help a few around them, Kumar "bridged the digital gap" for 64 people, who were finding it difficult to register themselves online on the vaccine portal. Kumar said he doesn't feel that he has contributed much towards the 100 crore vaccine dose count. "I have been able to help only 64 people, if I was able to help more I would have been happier." (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: cowin, covid, india, people, Rohit bansal, Sonu kumar, vaccine, snapdeal, registrations