Saturday January 20, 2018
Home India Sushma Swaraj...

Sushma Swaraj chairs 7th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Panel documenting history of migration, achievements of Diaspora in Girmitiya countries

Dr. V.K. Singh opened the exhibition on documenting history of migration of Diaspora in Girmitiya countries

0
//
231
Newly arrived Indian labourers in Trinidad. Image source: Wikimedia Commons
Republish
Reprint
  • The External Affairs Minister chaired the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Panel Discussion which documented the history of migration and achievements of Diaspora in Girmitiya countries
  • Girmitiyas’ is  the name given to generations of all those Indians, who were driven out of their motherland to serve as indentured labourers in the  British colonies
  • The history of migration and the tale of rising up to success from the pitiful conditions in the alien lands is an inspiring chapter of history that needs to be remembered

NEW DELHI, August 24, 2016: The External Affairs Minister chaired the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Panel Discussion VII in New Delhi on August 22, which documented the history of migration and achievements of Diaspora in Girmitiya countries. PBD is a conclave of the Indian Diaspora organised by the Ministry Of External Affairs. Minister of State for External Affairs, Dr V.K. Singh had opened the exhibition on documenting the history of migration of Diaspora in Girmitiya countries.

Follow NewsGram on Twitter

‘Girmitiyas’ is the name given to generations of all those Indians, who were driven out of their motherland to serve as indentured labourers in the then British colonies of  Fiji, Mauritius, Guyana, Suriname, the Caribbean Islands and many other colonies. The word ‘Girmit’ is a mispronunciation of the word ‘agreement’. But in this case, it refers to the agreement between the British and the Indian labourers that turned out to be a trap which resulted in an endless cycle of torture and suffering. To fight for their cause, Mahatma Gandhi coined the word ‘Girmitia’ and called himself ‘Pehla Girmitia’ or the first Girmitia.

Minister of State for External Affairs Dr. V.K. Singh opens exhibition in New Delhi on documenting history of migration of diaspora in girmitiya countries Image Source: mea.gov.in
Minister of State for External Affairs Dr V.K. Singh opens exhibition in New Delhi on documenting history of migration of diaspora in Girmitiya countries Image Source: mea.gov.in

The indentured labours had to live a life full of complete hardships. The food was rationed and they had to face imprisonment and sometimes even corporal punishment if they failed in the tasks that were allotted to them. When the so-called agreement expired, they were free to leave but at their own expense. As a result, many stayed back, slowly assimilating themselves into the local community and becoming part of the alien lands. The years of hard work in the barren lands and years of enduring the pain and poverty also produced results as they were blessed with prosperity and abundance.

Follow NewsGram on Facebook

From whatever left, these people had tried to set up small businesses in the town. Those who fought against all the odds paved the path of relief for their descendants. Over time, some of them became the heads of the governments in those countries, representing the nation and becoming the symbols of triumph over all predicaments.

The history of migration and the tale of rising up to success from the precarious conditions in the alien lands is an inspiring chapter of history that needs to be remembered.

– prepared by Ajay Krishna of NewsGram. Twitter: @ajkrish14

ALSO READ:

Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2016 NewsGram

Next Story

All You Need To Know About India’s Strategic Chabahar Port

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border.

0
//
7
Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • The Chabahar Port is of great strategic importance for India
  • It is in Iran and is being built and operated by India
  • This port will increase India’s trade with Central Asia and Europe

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border. Chabahar is the trans-shipment and logistics hub for the Makran Coast and Baluchistan province of Iran.

Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons

The tension between India and Pakistan is nothing new. There are several instances where both the countries have tried to obstruct each other’s political or economic agendas. This obstruction, along with other strategic reasons, resulted in the India and Iran’s deal on the Chabahar Port, which is crucial because of several reasons.

Here are few things about it you may not have known before :

  • Under the Trilateral Transit and Transport Agreement of 2016, the Chabahar port is the gateway to the Transport Corridor between India, Iran and Afghanistan, which allows multi-modal goods’ and passengers’ transport.

Also Read: India and Iran sign agreement to develop Chabahar Port

  • The agreement also states that India will develop and operate two berths in the first phase of the port. The contract is for 10 years and extendable. This time period excludes the first two years as they will be used for construction.
Chabahar Port will make India's trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port will make India’s trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port’s first phase, which was developed by India, and inaugurated by Iran on 4th December 2017, is of great strategic importance as it makes it easier for India to conduct trade with Central Asia and Europe.
  • Iran’s Chabahar port is also important for India’s trade because of Pakistan’s reluctance in allowing India to send goods to Iran and Afghanistan through its land territory.

Also Read: Gwadar Port: China Turning Pakistan Port Into Regional Giant 

  • The development of Chabahar Port will increase the momentum of the International North-South Transport Corridor whose signatories include India, Afghanistan and Russia. Iran is the key gateway in this project. It will improve India’s trade with Central Asia as well as Europe.
    The Chabahar Port has also reduced Afghanistan’s dependence on the transit road, which went through Karachi. Now, trade can be conducted via Chabahar Port too. Islamabad has accused India of trying to use this development as a means to destabilise Pakistan.

    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port also acts as a counter to the barely 100 km away, Gwadar port in Pakistan, which is developed by China. However, Iran has defended that Chabahar is not a rival to Gwadar and Pakistan is invited to join in its development.
  • In October 2017, India sent its first shipment of wheat to through Chabahar to Afghanistan, in order to test the viability of the route.
  • India will also construct a 900-km Chabahar-Zahedan-hajigak railway line that will connect Port of Chabahar to Hajigak in Afghanistan. It will also connect Mashad in the north, providing access to Turkmenistan as well as northern Afghanistan.This project is worth $1.6 billion.

    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehrain. Wikimedia Commons
    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehran. Wikimedia Commons
  • It is being said that India will supply $400 million of steel rails to Tehran. There are also possibilities of setting up a fertilizer plant through a joint venture with the Iranian government.