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BY MEGHA SHARMA
This article focuses on the most famous and tallest Buddha statues around the world. These statues mark an amazing display of a religion that has its origin from India. Buddhism is considered one of the 6 world religions. Around 200-500 million people call themselves Buddhists (followers of Buddha). The religion originated in India as a call for an egalitarian society. When the society was stratified into class and caste based structures, Buddha became the epitome for the downtrodden to exercise their equal status.
The story initiated with such a context and later this religion and its ideals attracted thousands of followers. The Dhamma, which was another term for the Hindu Dharma, was an enlightenment that Lord Buddha achieved after years of meditation. He wanted to unlock the mysteries of life and concluded with realising four noble truths: “(1) To live we must suffer. (2) Suffering is caused by craving. (3) Suffering can be overcome. (4) There is a path leading to the end of suffering. This path is called the Noble Eightfold Path. The path consists of right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration.”
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The spring temple Buddha, China
The temple was built in the Zhaocun township of Lushan county, Henan, China in 2002. The statue here depicts the Vairocana Buddha. It is being surrounded by the Fodushan scenic area which is 40 miles to the west of Pingdingshan town. The statue is 128m (420ft.) tall inclusive of a 66m (20ft.) lotus throne. It comes to a total height of 53m (502ft.) standing on the pedestal. It is the tallest statue in the world with a name in the Guinness book of world records. It weighs over 1000 tones and is made up of 1100 pieces of cast copper.
The Laykyun Setkya Buddha, Myanmar
It is the second tallest Buddha statue in the world. The construction took 11 years initiating in 1996 and finally built in February, 2008 by the chief Abbot Ven, who died in 2006. It is located in the village of Khatakan town, near Monywa, Myanmar. The statue is 130m (427ft.) long, comprising of a 44ft. throne. It is situated behind the statue of the reclining Buddha. It is one of the major tourist attractions of Myanmar.
The Ushiku Daibutsu, Japan
This statue made up of Bronze, and is located in the south-east of Tsukuba in Ibaraki prefecture, japan. Its height is 120m (394ft.) statue, with a 10m base and a 10 m lotus throne. It is also known as the Ushiku ARCADIA (Amida’s Radiance and Compassion Actually Developing and Illuminating Area). It weighs 4000 tons and was built in 1993 to commemorate the birth of Shinran (1173-1263), the founder of the Jodo Shinshu sect of Japanese Buddhism, with its HQ at the Honganji temples in Kyoto. A zoo surrounds the premises and a firework show also happens on the 15th of August.
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The Guan Yin Statue of Hainan, China
The statue is also known as the Guan Yin, (Bodhisattava Avalokitsvara) of south sea of Sanya. It is a 108m (354ft.) long towering statue. It is located on the south coast of China’s Island province Hainan in the premises of Nanshan temple. While entering the temple complex, one need to access to approximately 50 square kilometres (19.3 square miles) of beachfront gardens, temples, monuments and statues. The statue is facing three sides with one towards the island and the other two facing the South East China sea intending to take blessings from the sea and the whole world.
The Sculpture Of The Emperors Yan And Huang (China)
These sculptures were built by the two most ancient Emperors of China Yan Di and Huang Di. Most of the Chinese consider themselves descendants of these Emperors. It took 20 years for these sculptures to get constructed. Finally, in 2007, they were publically opened. It is located in Zhengzhou province, capital of the Henan town in the people’s republic of China. The statue rises to 106m (350ft.) and is the fifth tallest statue in the world. The statues Emperors Yan and Huang, situated inside the Yellow River scenic zone of the city, look out over a large plaza from the top of a hill. It is illuminated by five hundred and ten lights and is a scenic pleasure to watch.
Megha is a student at the University of Delhi. She is pursuing her masters in English and has also done her studies in German Language. Twitter @meghash06510344
The US researchers have discovered a class of immune cells that plays a role in miscarriage, which affects about a quarter of pregnancies.
Researchers at the University of California-San Francisco found that the recently discovered subset of cells known as extrathymic Aire-expressing cells in the immune system may prevent the mother's immune system from attacking the placenta and fetus.
The researchers showed that pregnant mice who did not have this subset of cells were twice as likely to miscarry, and in many of these pregnancies fetal growth was severely restricted.
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"When you're pregnant, the immune system is seeing the placenta for the first time in decades -- not since the mother made a placenta when she herself was a fetus," said Eva Gillis-Buck, from UCSF.
"Our research suggests that this subset of immune cells is carrying out a sort of 'secondary education' -- sometimes many years after the better-known population of the educator cells have carried out the primary education in the thymus -- teaching T cells not to attack the fetus, the placenta and other tissues involved in pregnancy," she added. The findings are published in the journal Science Immunology.
The immune system has to be educated not to attack one's own tissues and organs to prevent autoimmune disease. But pregnancy presents a unique challenge since the fetus expresses proteins found in the placenta as well as proteins whose genetics are distinct from the mother.
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"It was a conceptual leap to link Aire-expressing cells, which are critical for preventing autoimmune disease, to pregnancy," said Tippi Mackenzie, Professor of Surgery at UCSF's Center for Maternal Foetal Precision Medicine.
In the thymus, Aire-expressing cells begin interacting with other immune cells very early in life to teach them what not to attack. The thymus begins to shrink and is nearly gone by adulthood, by which time most immune cells have been educated. But as the thymus shrinks, the population of eTACs in lymph nodes and the spleen expands, the researchers explained.
The study suggests a healthy pregnancy may depend on having these cells around, they added. (IANS/KB)
The tiny emojis being shared on billions of devices worldwide can play a major role in digital communication, with most people saying that emoji compels them to feel more empathy towards others, according to an Adobe report.
Adobe's global emoji study found that emoji even helps people overcome language barriers and form connections that would otherwise be difficult to do.
"We were surprised and delighted by the discoveries made in the survey, most notably how enthusiastic respondents were for emoji as a means to express themselves," the company said in a statement.
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Emojis sometimes get criticized for being overly saccharine, but this sweetness is key when it comes to diffusing some of the heaviness of online communication.
"Many of the emoji are focused on positive emotions, so it's easy to insert them into our conversations and lighten the mood," the Adobe study said.
It's not surprising that over half of those surveyed feel more comfortable using emojis than talking on the phone or in person.
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This applies to less intense situations too. Dating, for example, can be tricky — especially when it's online or via digital apps, as it often is now.
The study also found that emoji even helps people overcome language barriers and form connections that would otherwise be difficult to do.
In celebration of World Emoji Day on Saturday, Adobe's '2021 Global Emoji Trend Report' surveyed 7,000 people in the US, the UK, Germany, France, Japan, Australia, and South Korea. (IANS/KB)
Following the grand Richard Branson show where he carried Andhra Pradesh-born Sirisha Bandla and fellow space travelers on his shoulders after successfully flying to the edge of space, it is time for Amazon Founder Jeff Bezos to applaud Sanjal Gavande, one of the key engineers who designed the New Shephard rocket set to take Bezos and the crew to space on July 20.
Billionaire Bezos is set to fly to the edge of space aboard what is touted as the world's first unpiloted suborbital flight. Born in Kalyan, Maharashtra, Gavande is a systems engineer at Blue Origin who always dreamt of designing aerospace rockets.
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After completing Bachelor's in mechanical engineering from the University of Mumbai, she flew to the US in 2011 to pursue a Master's in mechanical engineering from the Michigan Technological University. She also applied for an engineering job at the US space agency NASA but finally landed her dream job at Blue Origin
Sirisha flew to the US in 2011 to pursue a Master's in mechanical engineering from the Michigan Technological University.IANS
Bezos, his brother Mark, aviation pioneer Mary Wallace 'Wally' Funk, and other passengers are set to liftoff from west Texas and travel just beyond the edge of space on July 20. Blue Origin announced this week that Oliver Daemen, an 18-year-old high school graduate from the Netherlands, would join the crew.
Oliver is the son of millionaire Joe Daemen, Founder, and CEO of the Dutch investment company Somerset Capital Partners. Blue Origin, however, did not reveal how much Daemen paid for his son's trip to space. Bezos chose July 20 as the launch date to honor the 52nd anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing.
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The launch site for Blue Origin's first human flight will be in a remote location north of Van Horn, Texas, from where the firm had launched New Shepard for previous flights. Blue Origin has received final approval from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to carry humans on the New Shepard rocket into space.
On July 12, Bandla touched the edge of space with three others, including Virgin Galactic's billionaire CEO Richard Branson. Bandla vaulted into space onboard VSS Unity 22. After the successful spaceflight, Branson carried the Indian-American on his shoulders while celebrating their flight to space, at Spaceport America in New Mexico. (IANS/KB)