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By D.C. Pathak
I had the benefit recently of listening to a well established American IT expert on the challenges for security strategists in these times of a literal tsunami of technological advancements. He brought out how the incredible speed at which technology was developing made it difficult to assess its repercussions for the future in terms of both global competition in business as well as the evolution of military domain. It confirmed my belief that while a security specialist could do without being a technology expert, a technology advisor would succeed only if he or she had a complete grasp of security parameters and strategies – in this case the presenter fortunately was aware of the importance of security orientation of technology advisors.
The tsunami of technology witnessed today can do two things – it can help development and a global advance on a positive note or add to the threat spectrum for vulnerable national entities. It is necessary that we do not see ghosts in a new technology, do not look upon the speed of technology advancement as a threat by itself and have the ability to visualise and assess if something was adding up to a danger potential from both national and global angles.
Security is a ‘science’ in the sense that it rests on concepts, precision and detection of fault lines. It works on clarity – the bedrock of science – that admits of no compromise on this count. A nation and an individual have two basic needs, economic well being and security. For development, technology seeks the ‘end’ in terms of product creation and product delivery but in the domain of security technology has to provide at best a rolling improvement of ‘means’ in a situation where the goal post was never static – dependent as it was on the changing scenario set by the adversary. What does not change in security is the basic framework of requirements that held good in all contexts – national security, enterprise security or cyber security. All technology experts should have a good understanding of this in today’s world.
All advisors – technical or non-technical – who are on the security turf should know what a ‘secure perimeter’ around the identified subject of protection has to be, varying from a brick and mortar fence to a firewall, what ‘intrusion detection’ systems needed to be put in place, what would be the nature of ‘Access Controls’ and ‘Inner Access Controls’ required in that specific situation and what was to be done for the ‘Insider Threat Management’. In cyber security, ‘hacking’ is an intrusion – though it is more like sabotage – that is detected only after it had happened so the prime response of the attacked entity has to be to safeguard what was left undamaged.
‘Access Controls’ begin with the confirmation of the identity of the person seeking to gain entrance. In the cyber domain, Log in and Application layer controls served the purpose. Security of information in transit or storage is maintained through encryption. ‘Inner Access Controls’ regulate entry into sensitive inner segments like Process areas, Command & Control Centre and the location of sensitive information.
Personnel Security has a limited technology paradigm and the Insider Threat Management that covers it is largely a human effort that used Intelligence tradecraft available with trained security professionals. Studies have shown that a vast majority of security breaches are traceable to conniving members of the protected organisation. Scientists including technology developers are used to transparency but in these days of ‘dual use’ they have to understand the compulsions of ‘Need to Know’ – a basic practice in the security domain that ensured that the information sought by the adversary about a protected technology would not be in possession of just any other member of the targeted enterprise. The real challenge for the security professionals lies in detecting signs of ‘vulnerability’ and establishing grounds for ‘suspicion’. An employee showing greed, addiction or disgruntlement is vulnerable to exploitation by the adversary. Signs of suspicion that the member might have been compromised already are unravelled in surprise checks, audits and operations that used special skills of Intelligence tradecraft such as surveillance, secret enquiries and tapping confidentially raised Informers.
Today, . In all situations however, human intervention and deduction are to be constantly associated with technology there. CCTV network can not do without human monitoring of the feed constantly or at least periodically. Response to a detected intrusion has to be guided by a human mind. A worker at the assembly line alone can notice any process flaw that needed to be rectified for better productivity. Change of Passwords, level of encryption and points of surprise checks are all decided by the concerned leaders. Data Integration and Data Analytics is done in the frame work set by the human masters.
Technology has achieved a great deal here by doing something that was earlier done only by human analysis producing ‘triggers’ for action. This is the much talked about turf of Artificial Intelligence that now even handles the preliminary part of ‘action’ that was needed in response to a ‘trigger’. Robots do this precisely as replacement of humans in certain sectors of ‘services’. A technology man has to grasp the essence of security to act successfully as Technology Advisor in that realm. Defence Technology is making striking contributions to the task of neutralising the ‘visible’ enemy more effective but in security which deals with the ‘unseen’ adversary technology tools have to play closely with the human controllers in an ongoing fashion.
At the strategic level, the US and India have, apart from defence cooperation, a lot of conversion on the global issues of security – the new threat of global terror where motivation was rooted in notions of faith and indoctrination was strong enough to turn a young man into a suicide bomber, is clearly on top of the chart. The appearance of ‘lone wolf’ on the terror front is facilitated by the new communication devices, miniaturisation of weapons of attack and explosive devices and use of cyber space for online radicalisation. Hacking is another challenge to security technology and so is the rise of malware injection into both hardware entities and software programmes. Security cooperation amongst friendly countries is now focused on technology for preventing cyber attacks or neutralising a terrorist on one hand and the up gradation of the war machine on the other. (IANS)
Malgudi, a small fictional town in South India has been part of the childhood of most Indians. It is an old, shabby, and peaceful town that is unruffled by politics. The stories set in this small town ring the sense of belongingness in the hearts of its readers. The familiar feeling that feels like home resonates with their soul. And teaches important life lessons to the readers through simple tales. Malgudi Days is one of the books that every Indian child should read. The book is a compilation of 32 short stories that paint a beautiful picture of small-town in India around the '60s and '70s
R. K. Narayan, one of the most well-known and popular writers within India and outside India is the creator of this town and the occurrences of this town. The stories follow the characters Swami and his friends through their everyday lives. Be it the story of fake astrologers who scam and loot the people by his cleverness, or the story of a blind beggar and his dog where the money blinded the man with greed; each story has a lesson to learn, morals and values hidden in it. As the stories are simple, easy to understand yet heart-touching it makes it easy for the kids to connect with each character and imagine the story as if the reader themselves were the protagonist of the story. In simple words, we can say that R.K. Narayan simply told stories of ordinary people trying to live their simple lives in a changing world.
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As written during the Indian Independence movements and finally published in 1943. The stories in the Malgudi days beautifully encapsulated the transitioning milieu of the British era to post-Independence India. Each of the stories portrays a facet of life in Malgudi and simultaneously a life in an Indian town. R.K. Narayan was one of the first writers who pioneered Indian writings in the English language and the book was later republished outside India in 1982 by Penguin Classics. Thus, the book enjoyed a worldwide audience. The New York Times even described the virtue of the book as "everyone in the book seems to have a capacity for responding to the quality of his particular hour. It's an art we need to study and revive."
The beautiful storytelling of the book was assisted by beautiful illustrations allowing the children to let their imagination teleport them to the world of Malgudi. All the illustrations in the book were illustrated by the world-renowned cartoonist, R.K. Laxman who is also R.K. Narayan's younger brother. The illustrations complimented the scenes from the stories and excited the children, keeping them engaged in reading the book for hours.
The illustrations complimented the scenes from the stories.Pixabay
The short stories from Malgudi Days were later adapted into a television adaptation in 1986. This show was directed by actor and director Shankar Nag. It was filmed both in Hindi and English, containing 54 episodes and the first 13 episodes respectively. Later the series was revived for additional 15 episodes. The show featured several popular celebrities from the Kannada film industry of those days – Girish Karnad, Vishnuvardhan, Ananth Nag, Arundhati Nag and Vaishali Kasaravalli, to name a few. The series was premiered on the Doordarshan channel and became the window into the town Malgudi for many. The show did not only excel in its storyline the TV adaptation elevated the storytelling as the show was technically very sound and stood out in its fantastic detailing in terms of locations and sets. With the cinematography being creative The Malgudi days- TV series once again warmed the hearts of both young ones and adults.
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Malgudi- our childhood home
Malgudi days hold a special place in the hearts of whoever has read the book as a child. With the detailed descriptions of the town and stories one almost gets a feeling that they've visited the place themselves. The characters, Swami and his friends feel like they were all readers' childhood friends. The surreal feeling of being home in the world of Malgudi. The world of Malgudi is intimate, warm, lifelike, and engaging. The setting is modern, and the life portrayed in these stories is contemporary. Still, there is an old-time air about It. R K Narayan once described Malgudi as "Malgudi is where we all belong, and where we wish we lived."
Keywords: Malgudi days, Malgudi, R K Narayan, R K Laxman, storytelling, our childhood home Malgudi
Well, if you'll notice then the moon takes twenty-nine days to complete its lunar cycle, whereas women's menstrual cycle is generally 28 days! Coincidence? I think, not.
It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies. In fact, in ancient times it was said that the natural rhythm of women was to menstruate under a new moon and ovulate under a full moon.
At the same time, it is also believed that the cycle and its stages are connected to different seasons, namely, spring, summer, autumn, and winter.
Let us see how the lunar cycle is related to a woman's menstrual cycle!
It must be noted that the menstruation period is during the new moon period and also during the winter season. It is said that this is a reflective phase; a phase of silence, introspection, and solitude. During this phase, a woman's body is more sensitive, and so they're able to connect with it and hear the messages it gives. Interestingly, this is also the time when a woman naturally recycles energy as she menstruates, and hence, it's also the for their rest and recovery.
The Crescent moon represents the pre-ovulation period. This is also the season of spring, and so the time corresponds to an increase in physical energy. During this period, a woman's mental strength is at its peak and their thoughts are much clearer. At the same time, emotions are more stable during this period, and because of which women tend to be more social and outgoing.
This phase of the moon represents ovulation, and the season associated with this phase is summer. It must be noted that this period is full of energy and vitality. At the same time, this period plays a significant role in the lives of women because it's actually a fertile phase in all aspects of their life, be it personal or professional. During this period, the self-confidence and self-esteem in women tend to rise, and along with this, an increase in their sex drive can be seen very well.
This phase of the moon represents pre-menstruation, which is also associated with the autumn season. During this period, a woman's physical energy starts to decline. Metaphorically, just like a tree sheds its leaves, a woman, too, feels the need to let go of anything that is not benefiting her. At the same time, memory and the ability to concentrate decrease in this period.
I hope, now you will not think of the moon just as a celestial body, but as a companion in the lives of women!
Keywords: Women pre-Menstruation, Feminine, women Health Fitness, the moon represents the pre-ovulation period, period and moon cycle.
The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has directed Pak TV channels to stop airing what it calls indecency and intimacy in dramas, Samaa TV reported.
A notification issued by the authority states that it has been receiving numerous complaints from viewers who believe that the content being depicted in dramas does not represent the "true picture of Pakistani society".
"PEMRA finally got something right: Intimacy and affection between married couples isn't 'true depiction of Pakistani society and must not be 'glamourized'. Our 'culture' is control, abuse, and violence, which we must jealously guard against the imposition of such alien values," said Reema Omer, Legal Advisor, South Asia, International Commission of Jurists.
"Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourized in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated, as per the report.
The authority added that it has directed channels time and again to review content with "indecent dressing, controversial and objectionable plots, bed scenes and unnecessary detailing of events".
Most complaints received by the PEMRA Call Centre during September concern drama serial "Juda Huay Kuch is Tarah", which created quite a storm on social media for showing an unwitting married couple as foster siblings in a teaser for an upcoming episode. However, it only turned out to be a family scheme after the full episode aired, but by that time criticism had mounted on HUM TV for using the themes of incest to drive the plot, the report said. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: Pakistan, Islam, Serials, Dramas, Culture, Teachings.