Wednesday July 18, 2018

Some Teens Are More Likely To Undergo Abortion

According to the researchers, in developed countries, about 6.7 million abortions are performed every year, with a large proportion of teens aged 19 or younger

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In Canada, the teen pregnancy rate is 28 per 1,000, with more than 50 percent of these ending in abortions. Pixabay
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Teenagers whose mothers had abortion earlier are more likely to undergo abortions, a new study has warned.

According to the researchers, in developed countries, about 6.7 million abortions are performed every year, with a large proportion of teens aged 19 or younger.

“Research shows there is an association between mothers and daughters in the timing of a first pregnancy ending in a live birth. We wanted to see whether the same tendency exists for pregnancies ending in an induced abortion,” said co-author of the study, Joel Ray from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario.

ALSO READ: Anti-abortion Activists and supporters of a Woman’s right choose staged demonstrations in the US 

The study, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, included data on 431,623 daughters born in Ontario obtained from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and linked to other databases that provided information on mother-daughter pairs.

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There were 73,518 daughters whose mothers had had at least one abortion (exposed group) and 358,105 daughters whose mothers had none (unexposed group). Pixabay

In the exposed group, the probability of having an abortion during their teenage years was 10.1 percent, compared with 4.2 percent in the unexposed group.

ALSO READ: ‘Parent by Choice for Choice ’: Thousands Join Protests Against Ireland’s Abortion Laws

As the majority of those abortions (94.5 percent) occurred before 15 weeks gestation, it’s unlikely that the reason was a genetic or birth defect in the fetus in most cases and it may be reasonable to assume social indications, the researcher said.

There was also a dose-response effect — the greater number of abortions in the mother, the greater the number of abortions in her teenage daughter.

Study limitations include a lack of information on the fathers, the marital status and education levels of both mother and daughter, or family dynamics and attitudes. (Bollywood Country)

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Being Positive During Pregnancy May Lead to Kids Being in Shape: Study

For the study, the researchers analysed responses from 7,000 parents about their personality, mood and attitude during pregnancy

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The results showed that a mother's psychological background during pregnancy is a factor associated with teenage weight gain. Pixabay

Did you know even your mood and attitude during pregnancy can have an effect on the body weight of your children when they grow up? A new study has found that teenagers are less likely to be overweight if their mother or father had a positive attitude during pregnancy.

Negative attitude, or a lack of self-belief in your ability to bring in changes to your lifestyle through your actions, may be associated with unhealthy weight gain in your children during teenage years, suggests the study published in the International Journal of Obesity.

“We’ve been able to show that a lack of self-belief in a parent’s ability to influence change by healthy eating, stopping smoking or breast feeding is a contributing factor to their child being overweight by the time they are 15,” said lead study author Jean Golding, Professor at University of Bristol in Britain.

For the study, the researchers analysed responses from 7,000 parents about their personality, mood and attitude during pregnancy.

Similar answers from their children at age of eight and the child’s fat mass measurement up to the age of 17 were also analysed.

Pregnant woman
Pregnant woman. Pixabay

The results showed that a mother’s psychological background during pregnancy is a factor associated with teenage weight gain.

The study examined a personality attribute known as the Locus of Control. It is a psychological measure for an individual’s attitudes towards their lifestyle and a belief in being able to change outcomes, such as health, through their own actions.

Someone with an external Locus of Control would feel that there is little point in making an effort as what happens to them is due to luck and circumstance.

Also Read: thyroid Dysfunction May Lead to Diabetes During Pregnancy

The researchers found that teenagers at age 15 had an excess weight of actual fat to the extent of 1.7 kg if their mothers did not think their actions would make a difference and held a laissez-faire attitude.

If their fathers had this attitude the excess weight of fat was 1.49 kg and if the child later thought this way the excess was 1.5 kg, the study said.

“This is important research for health campaigners looking to change behaviours and the next steps should be looking at the differences between parents who managed to change their Locus of Control compared to those who did not change,” Golding added. (IANS)