Wednesday September 19, 2018

Some Teens Are More Likely To Undergo Abortion

According to the researchers, in developed countries, about 6.7 million abortions are performed every year, with a large proportion of teens aged 19 or younger

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In Canada, the teen pregnancy rate is 28 per 1,000, with more than 50 percent of these ending in abortions. Pixabay
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Teenagers whose mothers had abortion earlier are more likely to undergo abortions, a new study has warned.

According to the researchers, in developed countries, about 6.7 million abortions are performed every year, with a large proportion of teens aged 19 or younger.

“Research shows there is an association between mothers and daughters in the timing of a first pregnancy ending in a live birth. We wanted to see whether the same tendency exists for pregnancies ending in an induced abortion,” said co-author of the study, Joel Ray from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario.

ALSO READ: Anti-abortion Activists and supporters of a Woman’s right choose staged demonstrations in the US 

The study, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, included data on 431,623 daughters born in Ontario obtained from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and linked to other databases that provided information on mother-daughter pairs.

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There were 73,518 daughters whose mothers had had at least one abortion (exposed group) and 358,105 daughters whose mothers had none (unexposed group). Pixabay

In the exposed group, the probability of having an abortion during their teenage years was 10.1 percent, compared with 4.2 percent in the unexposed group.

ALSO READ: ‘Parent by Choice for Choice ’: Thousands Join Protests Against Ireland’s Abortion Laws

As the majority of those abortions (94.5 percent) occurred before 15 weeks gestation, it’s unlikely that the reason was a genetic or birth defect in the fetus in most cases and it may be reasonable to assume social indications, the researcher said.

There was also a dose-response effect — the greater number of abortions in the mother, the greater the number of abortions in her teenage daughter.

Study limitations include a lack of information on the fathers, the marital status and education levels of both mother and daughter, or family dynamics and attitudes. (Bollywood Country)

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High Sugar Levels In Mothers Can Risk Obesity In Child: Study

Lowering a mother's blood sugar during her pregnancy reduces the birth weight of the child.

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Maternal high blood sugar linked to obesity risk in kids. Pixabay

Babies born to woman with higher blood sugar levels during pregnancy could be at significantly greater long-term risk of obesity – even more than a decade later, a study has found.

The higher the woman’s blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese.

The researchers suspect that epigenetic changes are likely to be influencing these long-term outcomes and those changes begin quite early in pregnancy.

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Maternal high blood sugar linked to obesity risk in kids Pixabay

“The mother’s blood sugar level during pregnancy is an independent contributor to the child’s weight and risk of being obese later in childhood,” said Boyd Metzger, professor at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

In addition, mothers with higher-than-normal blood sugar during pregnancy — even if not at the level of gestational diabetes — also were significantly more likely to have developed Type-2 diabetes a decade after pregnancy than their counterparts without high blood sugar, the researchers said, in the paper published in the journal JAMA.

Lowering a mother’s blood sugar during her pregnancy reduces the birth weight of the child, as well as the risk of pre-eclampsia — potentially life-threatening condition in which the mother has high blood pressure that affects her and the baby.

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The higher the woman’s blood sugar, the greater the risk of her child being obese. Pixabay

If not regulated on time, these can potentially increase the number of women and children at risk of acquiring lifelong chronic medical conditions.

“The results are important because they demonstrate that even women with mild hyperglycemia during pregnancy and their offspring are at risk of harmful maternal and child health outcomes,” said coauthor Wendy Brickman, associate professor at Feinberg.

“Research is needed to identify interventions that will improve the health outcomes of these women and children,” Brickman said.

Also Read: Weight Loss Tip- Chinese Medicine Ingredient May Help Reduce Obesity

The study evaluated children 10 to 14 years after birth in 10 clinical centers in seven countries: the US, Canada, Israel, the UK, Hong Kong, Thailand and Barbados.

The study included 4,697 mothers and 4,832 children. (IANS)