Teenagers whose mothers had abortion earlier are more likely to undergo abortions, a new study has warned.
According to the researchers, in developed countries, about 6.7 million abortions are performed every year, with a large proportion of teens aged 19 or younger.
“Research shows there is an association between mothers and daughters in the timing of a first pregnancy ending in a live birth. We wanted to see whether the same tendency exists for pregnancies ending in an induced abortion,” said co-author of the study, Joel Ray from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Toronto, Ontario.
The study, published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal, included data on 431,623 daughters born in Ontario obtained from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) and linked to other databases that provided information on mother-daughter pairs.
In the exposed group, the probability of having an abortion during their teenage years was 10.1 percent, compared with 4.2 percent in the unexposed group.
As the majority of those abortions (94.5 percent) occurred before 15 weeks gestation, it’s unlikely that the reason was a genetic or birth defect in the fetus in most cases and it may be reasonable to assume social indications, the researcher said.
There was also a dose-response effect — the greater number of abortions in the mother, the greater the number of abortions in her teenage daughter.
Study limitations include a lack of information on the fathers, the marital status and education levels of both mother and daughter, or family dynamics and attitudes. (Bollywood Country)
Smoking and tobacco use can have a serious impact on the fertility of both men and women, and consequently the quality of life in pregnancy. These health tips by expert can help. If a woman is a regular smoker, then it has a double effect on a woman’s fertility. Smoking can harm both the eggs and the uterus. It not only affects her egg quality, but can also have endometrial effect. Many studies too have shown that smoking can have negative effects on fertility, notes Dr Apurva Satish Amarnath, Fertility Consultant, Nova IVF Fertility.
“In women, smoking decreases in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI) pregnancy rates by about half. Smoking also increases miscarriage rates. smoking also reduces the egg reserve of the woman which is not a reversible condition. For instance, if we are to compare two women with the same characteristics in terms of egg quality, quantity, BMI, AMH-level, among others, the chances are that the non-smoking woman will conceive faster than the smoking woman. If a woman quits smoking completely, then the chances of conception improve and the risk of miscarriage reduces,” Dr Apurva told IANSlife ahead of the International Anti-Tobacco Day on May 31.
From the male’s perspective, the carcinogen quality of cigarettes in general affects the motility of the sperm and excessive smoking can lead to the poor sperm count and other fertility problems. As compared to females, the condition can be reversible.
If a man completely gives up smoking the quality of his sperms can improve, resulting in his fertility improving in a span of 3-6 months after quitting completely, she said.
Smoking during pregnancy
According to Dr Sandeep Chadha, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist at Motherhood Hospital, Noida, smoking during pregnancy are dangerous for both mother and the baby.
If a mother smokes, the 4,000 harmful chemicals present in each cigarette passes directly to the baby through the mother’s bloodstreams. In such cases, the risk of stillbirth and miscarriage goes up besides an increased risk of low birth weight, baby’s heart rate, breathing problem and premature delivery, Dr Sandeep told IANSlife.
These risks to the baby multiply with the number of cigarettes smoked during pregnancy. Not only for babies, but tobacco smoking is also harmful to the mother, increasing her risk of cancers, cardiovascular disease, emphysema, and other conditions.
Passive smoking and childbirth
A study has presented that exposure to secondhand smoke was associated with lower IQs in children. For babies exposed to secondhand smoke, there is an increase in risk for developing asthma attacks, breathing problems, ear infections, impaired lung development, and coughing.
Children exposed to secondhand smoke require more ear tube surgeries than those who are not exposed. Sudden infant death syndrome is more common in babies born to women who smoked during pregnancy as well as in babies exposed to secondhand smoke. Exposure to second-hand smoking by pregnant mothers is similar to first hand smoking.
As social distancing and staying at home have become the “new normal” in the current scenario, it is important during pregnancy to keep a calm mind, continue their checkups with doctors on online sessions, and be open about their concerns, say experts according to Health Tips.
“With all the uncertainty around, one of the best things that you can do is be positive and practice ways that will help ensure your and your baby’s well-being,” said Dr. Prathibha Babshet, Ayurveda Expert, R&D, The Himalaya Drug Company.
“This is possible by taking care of your mental health and keeping a calm mind. Pregnancy during the pandemic is certainly hard but not impossible. It is advisable to stay home as much as possible to avoid crowded spaces and follow social distancing and hygiene guidelines,” she said.
While pregnancy care may look a little different now than it used to earlier, here are a few tips to approach these changes:
Try to establish a daily routine of activities in a way that it becomes a new normal in your life. From your diet, meditation, and yoga, to skin care, getting adequate sleep, and regular medical checkups, make a list of all the things you do in a day and prioritise them.
If you need to step out for work or a checkup, remember to maintain social distancing and wear a mask and carry a sanitizer, as this can help reduce the risk of exposure to germs and bacteria.
Frequent checkups during pregnancy is vital for the mother and baby. So, check with your gynaecologist on online sessions for these checkups. If you are due to deliver, understand and be open about the delivery options and post-natal care.
As pregnancy skin care is an important aspect of your motherhood phase, include massages and moisturisation in your daily routine to help deal with common pregnancy skin concerns, Babshet said.
Indulge in a soothing massage using a massage oil; this will help promote blood circulation. You can also opt for a body butter that will help with dry skin issues. Whatever routine you follow, do remember to use products containing herbal actives and that are free from chemicals, she added.
Your baby gets nutrients from what you eat. Avoid binge-eating. Make it a priority to stick to a balanced diet including fruits and vegetables, and drink at least 8-10 glasses of water.
If you enjoy cooking, look up simple recipes online for a healthy immune system.
Manage your stress in different ways — practice breathing exercises to calm yourself and indulge in new hobbies or rediscover old ones. You can also take online courses on playing an instrument, learning a new language, or anything you have always wanted to do. You may also enjoy planning things for your baby’s arrival, like decorating a nursery.
Talk to your doctor if you are anxious about your baby being exposed to the virus during breastfeeding. Always clean your nipple area before and after breastfeeding. Sanitise your hands, and the place around your baby, frequently.
In addition to following these tips, read and be aware of the potential symptoms of the virus and take preventive measures.
Avoid reading negative news about the current situation, which might cause anxiety.
Instead, use the screen time to talk to your friends and family, or watch something you enjoy. This will keep you happy and occupied. (IANS)
The decision to choose IVF can be a difficult one for many couples. After unsuccessfully trying to have a baby, many couples may feel saddened by the number of negative results on pregnancy tests.
First off, it’s perfectly normal to feel a bit downtrodden when you may see that negative sign over and over again. But you shouldn’t feel defeated, as there are plenty of other options out there to have a baby (or babies!).
One of those options is IVF, which stands for “in vitro fertilization” is a process of medicines and a procedure that implants a fertilized egg in your uterus. Many clinics have high success rates of helping couples.
If you’re thinking about IVF, what are some ways that you can increase your chances and have the best outcome possible? Below are five things you can start doing today.
Increasing Your Chances For IVF Pregnancy
Do Your Research
For starters, you want to become as much of an expert on IVF as possible. Research all the medicine, procedure options, steps, and more so you have a full idea of what is happening. This will not only help you while looking for clinics, but it will also help you understand what the medical professionals are talking about during your appointments.
Look at all the statistics, like success rate, challenges, policies, and doctors in your area. It’s important to find a clinic where you feel comfortable. This is a big procedure for you and your partner, so make sure you both find a place where you can give four thumbs up to.
Mind Your Health
Just like naturally conceiving, there are plenty of steps you can be taking outside of the doctor’s office to best prepare you for conceiving.
That means quitting smoking and heavy drinking (a glass of wine every now and then doesn’t hurt) and eating healthy. Take out the chips and start looking for healthy snacks, exercise regularly, and make sure you’re sleeping enough. Some people even turn to alternative treatments like acupuncture to boost pregnancy chances through IVF.
This is so much easier said than done, but it’s important to maintain your stress levels during this time. A stressful mind and body aren’t optimal for conception and could hurt your chances.
Vitamin D Supplements
Vitamin D is brought to you by our closest star: the sun. The sun is roughly 50% of our source of vitamin D, with the other 50% being brought by a healthy diet consisting of plenty of fish and vegetables
Studies have shown that women with a low vitamin D count are much less likely to conceive than those who have a high count. You can either supplement your lack of vitamin D through vitamins or injections. You may already be used to needles, so why not throw a few more in the mix?
Continuing with more supplements, DHEA (which stands for dehydroepiandrosterone) are often administered by clinics around the globe and have found to greatly assist those trying to conceive through IVF.
At the moment, doctors do not know exactly why these supplements can help women conceive but they know that they present no long-term risk to either the mother or the baby. Speak with your clinic to see if this is an option for you.
Speak With a Male Fertility Specialist
Even though the majority of these tips have to do with the woman in this case, the man in the relationship can also be taking measures in order to give you your best chance at conceiving.
There are plenty of ways to improve sperm count and health, such as exercise, diet, no smoking, no heavy drinking and more. From time to time, following these guidelines can help the chances of conception. In addition, a specialist can help look at any abnormalities or low sperm amounts and recommend other changes or treatments.
The last thing you probably want to hear is “it will all work out… just be patient,” after being on a multi-year attempt of trying to conceive with no success. But the truth of the matter is that, that’s what you have to do… you have to be patient with the process.
Even though IVF often is successful, it may not work the first or even the second time you try. That means that you and your partner must exercise patience and try to maintain a positive attitude throughout the whole process.
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