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Ten amazing contributions India made to the world

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New Delhi: India everywhere in the world is recognized for its drastically varying cultures, food, and diversity in languages. It is the home of one thousand million people which makes it the second most populous nation in the world. In addition, it is the birthplace of many great leaders, scientists, mathematicians and visionaries namely MK Gandhi, CV Raman, Shri Ramanujam, Swami Vivekanand and many others.

India moreover has astonished the world with its ten amazing contributions which are as follows:

YOGA

Yoga is believed to have originated in India since the pre-Vedic period of Indian history(c.a.1500-c.a.500 BCE). it stems from religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism. In modern day whichever place you visit, you will definitely find a gym with yoga classes.

RADIO BROADCASTING

Guglielmo Marconi, an inventor, engineer and a Nobel prize winner is believed to be the founder of radio broadcasting, but however, it was an Indian scientist Jagadish Chandra (a Bengali by origin) who prematurely conducted the experiment using millimeter range wavelength microwaves and ringing bells. Four years down the line, this was reproduced by his invention of the ‘iron-mercury-iron coherer with telephone detector’-the forerunner of wireless communication. 1978  Nobel prize winner for physics- Sir Neville Mott once quoted that Bose was “sixty years ahead of his time.”

FIBER OPTICS

Imagine your world without google baba, you can’t even dare to dream your world without it. Google derives its very existence from the internet and (web) drives its sole existence from fiber optics. Moreover, the vital nature of fiber optics goes beyond the web to transport, telecommunication and to medical.

The ‘father of fiber optics’ is Narinder Kapany, a physicist, and entrepreneur by profession. He was born in Moga, Punjab. Moreover, he was the lead author of various technical papers between 1955-1965, one of which was published in scientific American (1960).

SNAKES AND LADDERS

Snakes and ladders once enjoying the status of the favorite indoor game in England have its origin in India, stemming from a game used to teach Hindu Values to children in which ladders represent virtue and the snakes evil. The historic name for the game is ‘Mokshapat’ or ‘Moksha Patam’ the main objective of which is to get to Vaikuntha (heaven). However, the religious and moral aspects were erased which the game originally incorporated to make it suitable for the British market.

THE USB PORT

Ajay Bhatt during 1990s along with his team started working on a device with the aim of computer connectivity and accomplished it till the end of the decade. Little did he know that his invention would revolutionize the way in which we connect our electronic devices. Mr Bhatt got public recognition after appearing in a television advertisement for intel in 2009 and also for winning The European Inventor award in the non-European category in 2013.

FLUSH TOILETS

Archeological confirmation has shown that the notion of flushing toilet was first introduced by world’s oldest civilization- The Indus Valley civilization(c.a 3,300-c.a.1,300 Bce). Innovative reservoirs and systems connected to individual houses have been found in this Bronze Age civilization which now forms present day Kashmir.

SHAMPOO

Shampoo now is a vital part of our daily life. It makes us feel fresh, smells good and adds to the beauty of our hairs. A shower without shampoo is like eating idli without sambhar and is unthinkable. The primary version of shampoo was first made in India in the 15th century by boiling Sapindus (a shrub and member of lychee family), amla (sort of Indian gooseberry) and other herbs. British colonial traders were the earliest to introduce shampoo in Europe. However, it took several hundred years to make it reach to the common masses.

COTTON CULTIVATION

We all are aware of the fact that cotton is used in making many things namely terrycloth for highly absorbent towels, T-shirts, denim for blue jeans and many other things. But how many of us know that where was it first cultivated? Well, then it was first cultivated by Indians during 5th-4th millennium BCE in the Indus Valley civilization which now comprises of eastern Pakistan and northwestern India.

The Greeks and the Arabs became familiar with cotton after the wars of Alexander The Great. Moreover, according to the 2011 reports India is the 2nd largest exporter of cotton with U.S. being the  first.

CATARACT SURGERY

Cataract is clouding of the eye lens and causes hindrance in vision and in some cases cause blindness as well. However, this could be cured by performing a surgery and removing the cataract. The earliest form of cataract surgery which in the present, is known as ‘couching’ was first found in ancient India and the Indian physician Sushruta had the knowledge and skill to perform this surgery. Back then many Greek scientists traveled to India to learn it and to get the surgeries done.

Moreover, this form of surgery was introduced into China from India.

KABADDI

Kabbadi is a contact sport which is played between two teams with seven members each. It has its origin in ancient India. However, kabaddi now is the national game of Bangladesh. This game lost itself somewhere in between and was not popular much. But now for the revival of the sport and to gain its popularity which it enjoyed back then leagues likes Pro kabaddi league, UK kabaddi league, and world kabaddi league are played among various franchises owned by celebrities and many popular faces.

(inputs from BBC and Gauri Kumari)

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All You Need To Know About India’s Strategic Chabahar Port

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border.

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Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is of great international significance in terms of trade, especially for India. Wikimedia Commons

By Ruchika Verma

  • The Chabahar Port is of great strategic importance for India
  • It is in Iran and is being built and operated by India
  • This port will increase India’s trade with Central Asia and Europe

The Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar, which is on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran-Pakistan border. Chabahar is the trans-shipment and logistics hub for the Makran Coast and Baluchistan province of Iran.

Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port is built and operated by India. Wikimedia Commons

The tension between India and Pakistan is nothing new. There are several instances where both the countries have tried to obstruct each other’s political or economic agendas. This obstruction, along with other strategic reasons, resulted in the India and Iran’s deal on the Chabahar Port, which is crucial because of several reasons.

Here are few things about it you may not have known before :

  • Under the Trilateral Transit and Transport Agreement of 2016, the Chabahar port is the gateway to the Transport Corridor between India, Iran and Afghanistan, which allows multi-modal goods’ and passengers’ transport.

Also Read: India and Iran sign agreement to develop Chabahar Port

  • The agreement also states that India will develop and operate two berths in the first phase of the port. The contract is for 10 years and extendable. This time period excludes the first two years as they will be used for construction.
Chabahar Port will make India's trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
Chabahar Port will make India’s trade with Afghanistan easier. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port’s first phase, which was developed by India, and inaugurated by Iran on 4th December 2017, is of great strategic importance as it makes it easier for India to conduct trade with Central Asia and Europe.
  • Iran’s Chabahar port is also important for India’s trade because of Pakistan’s reluctance in allowing India to send goods to Iran and Afghanistan through its land territory.

Also Read: Gwadar Port: China Turning Pakistan Port Into Regional Giant 

  • The development of Chabahar Port will increase the momentum of the International North-South Transport Corridor whose signatories include India, Afghanistan and Russia. Iran is the key gateway in this project. It will improve India’s trade with Central Asia as well as Europe.
    The Chabahar Port has also reduced Afghanistan’s dependence on the transit road, which went through Karachi. Now, trade can be conducted via Chabahar Port too. Islamabad has accused India of trying to use this development as a means to destabilise Pakistan.

    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
    The Chabar Port is the said to be the counter to the Gwadar Port. Wikimedia Commons
  • The Chabahar Port also acts as a counter to the barely 100 km away, Gwadar port in Pakistan, which is developed by China. However, Iran has defended that Chabahar is not a rival to Gwadar and Pakistan is invited to join in its development.
  • In October 2017, India sent its first shipment of wheat to through Chabahar to Afghanistan, in order to test the viability of the route.
  • India will also construct a 900-km Chabahar-Zahedan-hajigak railway line that will connect Port of Chabahar to Hajigak in Afghanistan. It will also connect Mashad in the north, providing access to Turkmenistan as well as northern Afghanistan.This project is worth $1.6 billion.

    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehrain. Wikimedia Commons
    India will supply $400 million worth of steel rails to Tehran. Wikimedia Commons
  • It is being said that India will supply $400 million of steel rails to Tehran. There are also possibilities of setting up a fertilizer plant through a joint venture with the Iranian government.