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Ten amazing contributions India made to the world

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Image source: aamjanata.com

New Delhi: India everywhere in the world is recognized for its drastically varying cultures, food, and diversity in languages. It is the home of one thousand million people which makes it the second most populous nation in the world. In addition, it is the birthplace of many great leaders, scientists, mathematicians and visionaries namely MK Gandhi, CV Raman, Shri Ramanujam, Swami Vivekanand and many others.

India moreover has astonished the world with its ten amazing contributions which are as follows:

YOGA

Yoga is believed to have originated in India since the pre-Vedic period of Indian history(c.a.1500-c.a.500 BCE). it stems from religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism. In modern day whichever place you visit, you will definitely find a gym with yoga classes.

RADIO BROADCASTING

Guglielmo Marconi, an inventor, engineer and a Nobel prize winner is believed to be the founder of radio broadcasting, but however, it was an Indian scientist Jagadish Chandra (a Bengali by origin) who prematurely conducted the experiment using millimeter range wavelength microwaves and ringing bells. Four years down the line, this was reproduced by his invention of the ‘iron-mercury-iron coherer with telephone detector’-the forerunner of wireless communication. 1978  Nobel prize winner for physics- Sir Neville Mott once quoted that Bose was “sixty years ahead of his time.”

FIBER OPTICS

Imagine your world without google baba, you can’t even dare to dream your world without it. Google derives its very existence from the internet and (web) drives its sole existence from fiber optics. Moreover, the vital nature of fiber optics goes beyond the web to transport, telecommunication and to medical.

The ‘father of fiber optics’ is Narinder Kapany, a physicist, and entrepreneur by profession. He was born in Moga, Punjab. Moreover, he was the lead author of various technical papers between 1955-1965, one of which was published in scientific American (1960).

SNAKES AND LADDERS

Snakes and ladders once enjoying the status of the favorite indoor game in England have its origin in India, stemming from a game used to teach Hindu Values to children in which ladders represent virtue and the snakes evil. The historic name for the game is ‘Mokshapat’ or ‘Moksha Patam’ the main objective of which is to get to Vaikuntha (heaven). However, the religious and moral aspects were erased which the game originally incorporated to make it suitable for the British market.

THE USB PORT

Ajay Bhatt during 1990s along with his team started working on a device with the aim of computer connectivity and accomplished it till the end of the decade. Little did he know that his invention would revolutionize the way in which we connect our electronic devices. Mr Bhatt got public recognition after appearing in a television advertisement for intel in 2009 and also for winning The European Inventor award in the non-European category in 2013.

FLUSH TOILETS

Archeological confirmation has shown that the notion of flushing toilet was first introduced by world’s oldest civilization- The Indus Valley civilization(c.a 3,300-c.a.1,300 Bce). Innovative reservoirs and systems connected to individual houses have been found in this Bronze Age civilization which now forms present day Kashmir.

SHAMPOO

Shampoo now is a vital part of our daily life. It makes us feel fresh, smells good and adds to the beauty of our hairs. A shower without shampoo is like eating idli without sambhar and is unthinkable. The primary version of shampoo was first made in India in the 15th century by boiling Sapindus (a shrub and member of lychee family), amla (sort of Indian gooseberry) and other herbs. British colonial traders were the earliest to introduce shampoo in Europe. However, it took several hundred years to make it reach to the common masses.

COTTON CULTIVATION

We all are aware of the fact that cotton is used in making many things namely terrycloth for highly absorbent towels, T-shirts, denim for blue jeans and many other things. But how many of us know that where was it first cultivated? Well, then it was first cultivated by Indians during 5th-4th millennium BCE in the Indus Valley civilization which now comprises of eastern Pakistan and northwestern India.

The Greeks and the Arabs became familiar with cotton after the wars of Alexander The Great. Moreover, according to the 2011 reports India is the 2nd largest exporter of cotton with U.S. being the  first.

CATARACT SURGERY

Cataract is clouding of the eye lens and causes hindrance in vision and in some cases cause blindness as well. However, this could be cured by performing a surgery and removing the cataract. The earliest form of cataract surgery which in the present, is known as ‘couching’ was first found in ancient India and the Indian physician Sushruta had the knowledge and skill to perform this surgery. Back then many Greek scientists traveled to India to learn it and to get the surgeries done.

Moreover, this form of surgery was introduced into China from India.

KABADDI

Kabbadi is a contact sport which is played between two teams with seven members each. It has its origin in ancient India. However, kabaddi now is the national game of Bangladesh. This game lost itself somewhere in between and was not popular much. But now for the revival of the sport and to gain its popularity which it enjoyed back then leagues likes Pro kabaddi league, UK kabaddi league, and world kabaddi league are played among various franchises owned by celebrities and many popular faces.

(inputs from BBC and Gauri Kumari)

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Dalai Lama says that India and China have great potential

The spiritual leader feels that both the countries are doing compassionate works

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Dalai Lama talks about India and China
Tibetan spiritual leader Dalai says that India and China can work together. VOA

New Delhi, Nov 19

Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama on Sunday said India and China have “great potential” and they could work together at a “practical level”.

“I think, a great potential… India and China combined are doing more compassionate work… At a practical level also. Imagine two billion people working together,” he told reporters here after inaugurating Smile Foundation’s initiative, The World of Children.

The spiritual leader, who has lived in India in self-imposed exile since 1959, said neither country had the “ability to destroy the other”.

“Whether you like it or not, you have to live side by side,” he said.

Underlining the ancient spiritual connection between the two countries, he said Chinese Buddhist Hsuan Tsang visited Nalanda (now in Bihar) and brought Nalanda Buddhist traditions to China.

“All thinkers of Nalanda are Indian. So Nalanda’s tradition is India’s tradition,” he said.

The Nalanda traditions had turned Tibetans, who were warriors, into more compassionate, peaceful and non-violent nation, he said.

“So sometimes in Delhi, teasing my Indian friend, (I say) if Tibet still remained in the previous way of life, like Mongols, Chinese invasion may not have taken place,” the Dalai Lama said in a lighter vein.

He said nobody in the world wanted violence but it was happening “because our minds are dominated by destructive emotions due to short-sightedness”.

“Nobody wants problems. Yet, many problems are our own creation.”

The Dalai Lama said the existing modern education was oriented to material values. India can take lead in improving the education system by combining modern education with ancient knowledge, he said. (IANS)

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Manushi Chhillar from India Wins the Miss World 2017 Title

India's Manushi Chillar won the coveted Miss World 2017 pageant here, 16 years after Priyanka Chopra won the title in 2000.

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Miss World
Manushi Chhillar has been crowned as Miss World 2017. Instagram #ManushiChhillar

China, November 19: India’s Manushi Chhillar won the coveted Miss World 2017 pageant, 16 years after Priyanka Chopra won the title in 2000.

Chhillar competed against 108 contestants from various countries at a glittering event held at Sanya City Arena here.

Miss World 2016 winner Puerto Rico’s Stephanie Del Valle gave away the coveted crown to the winner.

Chhillar, who is from Haryana, had earlier this year won the Femina Miss India 2017.

Miss world
Anti Ageing was the official skin care expert for Manushi Chhillar at the Miss World 2017 pageant. Instagram #ManushiChhillar

India, England, France, Kenya and Mexico grabbed the top five spots at the peagant.

Manushi, born to doctor parents, studied in St. Thomas School in New Delhi and Bhagat Phool Singh Government Medical College for Women in Sonepat.

Her entire family including brother and sister were present and they looked excited watching Manushi grabbing top five spot.

As many as 108 beauty queens from different parts of the world participated in the prestigious pageant. (IANS)

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The major Challenge is to make the Youth of the Country Entrepreneurial and not Job Seekers : Venkaiah Naidu

"The challenge for us is to make the youth entrepreneurial, and not become job seekers," Venkaiah Naidu said pointing to the NDA government's various initiatives.

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Venkaiah Naidu
Venkaiah Naidu. Wikimedia Commons
  • At a time of tepid job growth and continuing income disparities, the major challenge is to make the youth of the country entrepreneurial and not job seekers, Vice President  Venkaiah Naidu said on Thursday.

“Disparities continue to remain in India and so there is a need for inclusive growth… there is the need to take care of the suppressed, oppressed and depressed,” Venkaiah Naidu said at the Bharatiya Yuva Shakti Trust’s (BYST) silver jubilee celebrations here with Britain’s Prince Charles as the chief guest.

“The challenge for us is to make the youth entrepreneurial, and not become job seekers,” Venkaiah Naidu said pointing to the NDA government’s various initiatives to encourage youth enterprises like Startup India, Standup India and the Mudra financing scheme for underprivileged sections.

Modelled on Prince Charles’ Trust for business startups, BYST, founded by Lakshmi Venkatesan, daughter of former President R. Venkatraman, is engaged in building rural entrepreneurship — “grampreneurs” — as also enterprise among under-privileged sections, which includes business mentoring. The current BYST chairman is Bajaj Group chief, Rahul Bajaj.

“Without mentoring, it would be very difficult to set up startups, with all the business, marketing and other vital issues involved in the first two-three years,” Prince Charles said in his address at the International Mentoring Summit organized by BYST to mark its 25 years.

“What amazes me are the sheer number of jobs these young entrepreneurs had created. The aim of such a project should be to create a virtual cycle of creating entrepreneurs who can then invest in the future of business,” Charles said referring to his trust.

BYST was officially launched in 1992 by Prince Charles and expanded its operations to six major regions of India.

Out of these six regions, four — Delhi, Chennai, Pune and Hyderabad — run the urban programme while two regions — Haryana and Maharashtra — run the rural programme.(IANS)