Sunday April 21, 2019

Test Colon and Rectal Cancer Earlier To Prevent Death

Clorectal cancer: second leading cause of death in U.S.

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Assemblyman Richard Pan, D-Sacramento, who is pediatrician, passes through an inflatable colon display in Sacramento, Calif., March 24, 2014. The display shows what a healthy colon looks like, how polyps develop and how they can turn cancerous. The American Cancer Society now urges screening tests to detect colorectal cancer earlier, at age 45.
Assemblyman Richard Pan, D-Sacramento, who is pediatrician, passes through an inflatable colon display in Sacramento, Calif., March 24, 2014. The display shows what a healthy colon looks like, how polyps develop and how they can turn cancerous. The American Cancer Society now urges screening tests to detect colorectal cancer earlier, at age 45. VOA

The American Cancer Society is recommending people start test and screening for colon and rectal cancer at age 45, rather than 50 as currently prescribed.

It also recommends people who are in good health and with a life expectancy of more than 10 years continue regular colorectal cancer screening through the age of 75.

The group said the initial test does not have to be a colonoscopy, but instead could be one of several non-invasive tests, such as a home stool test available by prescription.

“All of these tests are good tests, and the choice should be offered to patients,” said the cancer society’s Dr. Rich Wender. “The best test is the test that gets done.”

Human digestive system
Human digestive system, Representational image, Pixabay

The change in procedure is based on new information about a marked increase in the incidences of colorectal cancer, particularly rectal cancer, among younger individuals. Experts aren’t sure why there has been a 50 percent increase in cases since 1994.

Most colon cancer occurs in adults 55 and older, and the good news is that rates of cases and deaths have been falling for decades. Colon cancer, combined with rectal cancer, is the second leading cause of cancer death in the U.S.

Also read: Toothpaste ingredient promote colon cancer

This year, more than 140,000 Americans are expected to be diagnosed with it, and about 50,000 will die from it. (VOA)

Next Story

Consumption of Allium Vegetables Like Onion, Garlic May Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer

For the study, 833 patients of colorectal cancer were matched to 833 healthy controls by age, sex and residence area

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Consuming of allium vegetables including garlic, onion and leek, is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, researchers say.

Colorectal cancer is the cancer of the colon or rectum, located at the digestive tract’s lower end.

The study, published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, showed that the odds of having colorectal cancer was 79 per cent lower in adults who consumed high amounts of allium vegetable compared with those who consumed them in low amounts.

“It is worth noting that in our research, there seems to be a trend: the greater the amount of allium vegetables, the better the protection,” said researcher Zhi Li from the First Hospital of China Medical University.

Cancer
Cancer Ribbon. Pixabay

“In general, the present findings shed light on the primary prevention of colorectal cancer through lifestyle intervention, which deserves further in-depth explorations.”

For the study, 833 patients of colorectal cancer were matched to 833 healthy controls by age, sex and residence area.

Also Read- Common Heartburn Drug Linked to Kidney Disease Risk, Says Study

Importantly, according to World Health Organization, colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers around the world along with male preponderance with 1.80 million cases and 862,000 deaths in 2018.

In addition, the incidence is on the rise in India. (IANS)