Tuesday January 21, 2020
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Essence of freedom: What independence means to people now

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By Meghna Nair

I believe our flag is more than just cloth and ink. It is a universally recognized symbol that stands for liberty, and freedom. It is the history of our nation, and it’s marked by the blood of those who died defending it.

John Thune

Photo Credit: @PratyashaNithin
Photo Credit: @PratyashaNithin

Sixty eight years as a free nation, as the leading example of democracy in the world; India has come a long way indeed. Over the years, generations have flourished and perished; ideals have been created and destroyed, but the spirit of independence, of freedom, liberty and equality has survived.

Since schooldays, we have rote-learned why August 15th is important. The history of the struggle of our brave forefathers is perhaps alive in every person’s heart and etched in every child’s mind. But, as everything else is, the sanctity of freedom, the meaning of liberty and independence is dynamic.

Does “independence” mean what it meant to the people back in the 1940s? Has the sanctity of the term remained intact and unchanged?

In essence, perhaps the idea has remained the same. But, to each person, the term independence means much more than plain freedom.

What does Independence mean to India’s netizens?

Independence is still a dream to achieve. As far as I’m concerned, we are still bound by social restraints of Indian society. ( Kanika Rangray)

How free is really free? Does sovereignty mean true independence? That is an important question we should ask ourselves. True, we are the world’s most populous democracy and we elect our own representatives. We have guaranteed fundamental rights that are safeguarded by our constitution. But are we really free?

Like Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s famous quote,

“Man was born free; and everywhere he is in chains.”

That is the irony of our lives. We believe we are free individuals, but we create our own little customs and social restraints and end up being bound by them. One can argue that yes, we are free because we create these “social restraints” and that ability in itself won’t be possible unless we are independent. Yes, but did we become independent so that we can enslave ourselves?

Independence is when I am not being constantly judged by my own people. Those eyes should only encourage me at every level. (Prerna Kapur)

Aristotle famously quoted that “Man is a social animal”. We all need society. We need company. No matter how much we deny or lie to ourselves, the truth is, no one would prefer living their life in solitude. This means we should understand that the same applies to others just as much as it does to ourselves.

Acceptance is liberating. To accept another individual, make him feel more included than ostracized is true freedom. Our nation was colonized, subjugated and exploited for more than 200 years. Why are we, despite having attained freedom, imparting the same treatment to our fellow countrymen?

The very foundation of colonialism and imperial subjugation was based on the premises of difference. They were white, we weren’t. They had a different kind of society, so did we. They considered themselves superior and subjugated us, but we fought and won our freedom. Does this mean our fellow countrymen have to struggle for acceptance? Is that why we attained independence?

Independence to me implies freedom from minority and majority appeasement vote bank politics, freedom to express fearlessly and freedom to move even during wee hours safely. (Neeru Bahl)

Democracy is perhaps, one of the most fitting systems for an independent nation. That is why our forefathers who framed the constitution chose democracy as a system of representation for the nascent nation.

Over years, India has undoubtedly grown as a democracy. The questions the society was afraid of asking are now openly asked. With time, there have been many changes and many more are yet to come. One just has to be optimistic and has to keep believing in the true spirit of freedom.

Independence is something which we don’t show but feel. It’s feeling of responsibility towards our nation. Our nation does not constitute us but we together constitute our nation. Hence being independent in turn gives us a lot more responsibility to contribute towards our society. (Anum Ansari)

As Uncle Ben in Spiderman taught us, “With great power comes great responsibility.” Independence means we are free and at the same time, we are responsible for the freedom of our fellow beings. A nation is not a tangible entity; it is given an identity by the people who constitute it. In that sense, a nation becomes the reflection of the people it is made of.

The Republic of India turns 69

As a nation, India has grown and has undoubtedly become a force to be reckoned with. But if our nation leaves a wrong impression somewhere, somehow as a society, it is our own fault. If today, our nation is plagued by social issues and political issues, it is because consciously or unconsciously we have enabled these problems. Maybe we should reflect upon the gravity of such situations and collectively approach them. There are no problems which can’t be solved.

As we gear up to celebrate our 69th Independence day, apart from silently remembering and paying tributes to our brave freedom fighters, we should also realize that our nation is part of our identity. You can take a man out of India, but you can’t take India out of the man. Let us all realize and experience independence in all senses of the term.

May India live long, may Indians prosper!

  • Dr. Kallol Guha

    In the column section there is an article – I guess it is called – “Essence of Freedom”. Five authors have commented on what freedom means to them. Of the five- four have referred works of others to emphasize their points. Megna Nair refers to one named John Thune.
    Kanika Rangaray refers one named Jean Jacques Rousseau. Prerna Kapur refers to Aristotle. Anum Ansari refers to Uncle Ben in Spiderman. Fifth commenter does not refer to any one but in case of any reference it would definitely be some one from the West. These are educated class of post independent India. In any intellectual exercise they can’t help refer to Western examples, western solutions, western values, western philosophy, western science. However trash and rotten that might be. Education- as it is used in India as planned by Mecaulay- has delinked the intellectual species of India from its country of origin. This so called “Educated Class” which Anna Hazare termed “KALA ANGREZ” is in control of India. Nothing great, nothing noble, nothing earthshaking, nothing good for nation can possibly come from them. First and the most important reform to be induced now is a widespread thoroughly Indianized education that will link Indians to India. So that Newsgram will get articles that refers to Dandemi and Kautilya, Kanad and Nagarjun; Raman and Satyen Bose; Jagadish Bose and Salim Ali; Ramanuj and Bhatnagar; Mahalanabish and Kaprekar; Waria and sheshadri. Few days ago one of the main stream media wrote an article- “Who was Satyen Bose”?. Your authors are schooled in Mecaulay type education hence they probably have never been exposed to India’s tradition. Why should they? The education in post 1947 India is to delink Indians from India. Education here is to transform a lion cub into a sheep. NEWSGRAM- it is your holy mission to inform Indians that education is being used to degrade the human resource. That is what needs revolutionary change to make conscious Indians who will know they are lion cubs.

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  • Dr. Kallol Guha

    In the column section there is an article – I guess it is called – “Essence of Freedom”. Five authors have commented on what freedom means to them. Of the five- four have referred works of others to emphasize their points. Megna Nair refers to one named John Thune.
    Kanika Rangaray refers one named Jean Jacques Rousseau. Prerna Kapur refers to Aristotle. Anum Ansari refers to Uncle Ben in Spiderman. Fifth commenter does not refer to any one but in case of any reference it would definitely be some one from the West. These are educated class of post independent India. In any intellectual exercise they can’t help refer to Western examples, western solutions, western values, western philosophy, western science. However trash and rotten that might be. Education- as it is used in India as planned by Mecaulay- has delinked the intellectual species of India from its country of origin. This so called “Educated Class” which Anna Hazare termed “KALA ANGREZ” is in control of India. Nothing great, nothing noble, nothing earthshaking, nothing good for nation can possibly come from them. First and the most important reform to be induced now is a widespread thoroughly Indianized education that will link Indians to India. So that Newsgram will get articles that refers to Dandemi and Kautilya, Kanad and Nagarjun; Raman and Satyen Bose; Jagadish Bose and Salim Ali; Ramanuj and Bhatnagar; Mahalanabish and Kaprekar; Waria and sheshadri. Few days ago one of the main stream media wrote an article- “Who was Satyen Bose”?. Your authors are schooled in Mecaulay type education hence they probably have never been exposed to India’s tradition. Why should they? The education in post 1947 India is to delink Indians from India. Education here is to transform a lion cub into a sheep. NEWSGRAM- it is your holy mission to inform Indians that education is being used to degrade the human resource. That is what needs revolutionary change to make conscious Indians who will know they are lion cubs.

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Mercy for the Nirbhaya Rapists?

Gender discrimination is the root of many evils. While keeping the aspiration of females down, certain males have committed many wrongs in the past.

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Nirbhaya
The Nirbhaya incident in Delhi was “instrumental” in bringing about a kind of gender awareness renaissance in India.

By Salil Gewali

Gender discrimination is the root of many evils. While keeping the aspiration of females down, certain males have committed many wrongs in the past. Apart from various kinds of physical tortures, the mental tortures undergone by defenseless females are endless. Within the confinement of four-walls innumerable sins are still being committed which mostly go unreported. However, it was Nirbhaya’s rape incident in Delhi that was “instrumental” in bringing about a kind of gender awareness renaissance in India. Post-Nirbhaya incident, a lot many changes in the laws have been made. The safety and security of women have been prioritized, the nation-wide the whole police departments have been sensitized, to a greater extent the road transportation has been made women-friendly.

Nirbhaya rape
The public is right and more sensible now to point out the “hard cruelty” with which the gang had sexually tortured Nirbhaya that night.

Thanks to the countless number of protests across the country condemning the six rapists. The people from all walks of life came together and relentlessly pressurized the government that the Nirbhaya convicts must be awarded capital punishment. Media’s contribution in the campaign is immeasurable. Alas, India’s judiciary is so annoyingly slow it has taken over 7 years to pronounce the death sentence.

Nirbhaya rape
Advocate Indira Jaising suggested that the convicts of Nirbhaya rape case could be “forgiven” by the parents.

However, now nothing could be so mind-blowing than the flood of condemnation against the comments by a veteran advocate and social activist Indira Jaising. Without a sense of guilt and potential backlash, she suggested that the convicts be “forgiven” by the parents. Jaising’s idea has clearly touched a raw nerve of the major population in the country. People’s anger is spilled well over social media. What is most noteworthy is the scathing condemnation directly from the horse mouth — the mother Asha Devi. A very bold lady, who determinedly fought for justice for so many years, thunders – “Who is Indira Jaising to give me such a suggestion? The whole country wants the convicts to be executed. Just because of people like her, justice is not done with rape victims,” Asha Devi aptly further adds — “Can’t believe how Jaising even dared to suggest such this; I met her many times over the years in Supreme Court, “not once” she asked for my well-being and today she is speaking for convicts. Such people earn a livelihood by supporting rapists; hence rape incidents don’t stop,”

The latter comments by the Nirbhaya’s mother clearly hint the doubt at the “integrity” of the advocate Ms. Jaising. How on earth that one who has not spoken a word of sympathy in spite of many encounters in the court can reserves the right to suggest that which offends the distressed victim party. Asha Devi deserves a salute for her boldness. Yes, India Jaising is one of the advocates who knocked the door of the Chief Justice of India in the middle of the night in July 2015 in order to seek the mercy for the dreaded terrorist Yakub Menon.

Nirbhaya rapists
In 2015, the Delhi Government proposed to award the Nirbhaya juvenile convicts with Rs 10000/- and a sewing machine.

Again, here is another bombshell to drop which many of us may have forgotten. Can we ever “forgive” for the shocking proposal in 2015 by Delhi Government to award the Nirbhaya juvenile convicts with Rs 10000/- and a sewing machine?  Who has approved such bizarre ideas and which leaders are responsible? What kind of lesson should the citizens take from this?

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I think the public is right and more sensible now to point out the “hard cruelty” with which the gang had sexually tortured Nirbhaya that night. They had used the iron-rod to inflict deep injuries upon the girl which is unspeakable, which is very unpardonable. So, given the increasing cases of rapes and subsequent inhumane cruelty and cold-blooded killings, Capital punishment can be the only answer and “one of the deterrents”. Before the divine retribution, the hard rod of punishment should not be spared at all. 

Salil Gewali is a well-known writer and author of ‘Great minds on India’. Twitter: @SGewali