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The fight for Kashmir : The partition

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By Shriya Katoch 

The fight over Kashmir is a long and bloody one. With thousands of lives lost on both sides during the partition. India has fought three wars with Pakistan over Kashmir, emerging as the victor in all.
It all started in 1947 when the British gave up India and created two independent states the Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan. It was said that majority of the Muslim population was going to reside in Pakistan and its counterpart Hindu population would reside in India . States were then given the free will to decide whether they wanted to join Pakistan or India or become independent .

At the time Kashmir was ruled over by Maharaja Hari Singh,  a Hindu ruler, while the state was Muslim dominant. However Maharaja Hari Singh was a fair and a just ruler, not discriminating on the basis of religion. In fact he had appointed many Muslims in his court. This was refreshing as majority of Muslim rulers in the past had subjected Hindus to cruelty and forceful conversions.
The fate of Kashmir was still undecided. Pakistan made several attempts to lure Maharaja Hari Singh to become a part of Kashmir with Mohammed Ali Jinnah even having written a letter to Maharaja Hari Singh promising “every sort of favourable treatment”.
Frustrated by the Maharaja’s indecision the Muslim league encouraged the locals to revolt at Poonch. Later in September Muslim League officials in the Northwest Frontier Province, including the Chief Minister Abdul Qayyum Khan, assisted and possibly organized a large-scale invasion of Kashmir by Pathan tribesmen.
Hari Singh the Maharaja of Kashmir believed that by delaying the decision he was increasing the chances of Kashmir becoming an independent State, but due to the attempted invasion by Pakistan he signed an instrument of accession on 25 October 1947 to the Indian union in return for military aid. The National Conference party the largest party in the State, endorsed the accession and in the words of National conference leader Syed Mir Qasim, India had the “legal” as well as “moral” justification to send in the army through the Maharaja’s accession and the people’s support to it.
In modern times Pakistan still refuses to accept that legally Kashmir belongs to India because of their failed attempt of invading Kashmir. This failed invasion made the population of Kashmir view them as raiders. Pakistan cannot claim their right on Kashmir just on the basis that the majority of the population residing in Kashmir is Muslim. Its time that they learn to bury the hatchet and accept defeat.

Also, do read elated article on Kashmir :http://www.newsgram.com/paradise-on-earth-the-uncovered-truth-of-kashmir/

Shriya Katoch multitasks as an Engineering student,an avid reader,a guitar player and a death note fan. Twitter: @katochshriya538

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  • Pragya Jha

    Pakistan should accept the fact that Kashmir belongs to India.

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    You are exactly what you are, a child !

    • Shriya Katoch

      Ooh hitting me right where it hurts my age .

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  • Pragya Jha

    Pakistan should accept the fact that Kashmir belongs to India.

  • a

    You are exactly what you are, a child !

    • Shriya Katoch

      Ooh hitting me right where it hurts my age .

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The Plight Of Kashmir’s Pandits

The Global Kashmiri Pandit Diaspora said a memorandum signed by thousands of Kashmiri Pandits has been addressed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi

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Kashmiri Pandits
Plight of Kashmiri Pandits continues: Community members. Flickr

Dozens of Kashmiri Pandits on Friday paid homage to civilians, Army men and their community members killed since 1989 and said the plight of Pandits still continues.

For 28 years, the Kashmiri Pandit community has been observing September 14 as ‘Martyrs’ Day-Balidan Diwas’ at B.K. Ganjoo memorial park in Central Delhi.

United Kingdom-based activist Shafalica Bhan Kotwal who has been fighting for the rights of the Kashmiri Pandits, said: “There is no major change in the lives of Kashmir Pandits, their plight still continues despite Bharatiya Janata Party being in power.

Kashmiri pandits
Kashmir. Pixabay

“Most of them were thrown out of their homes. They are living in pathetic conditions in shelter homes with no basic facilities.”

She said the community was once accustomed to living in minus 17 degrees Celsius. “Their families are now living in the hostile Jammu weather,” she added.

The son of Kasmiri Pandits’ leader Tika Lal Taploo, Ashutosh Taploo, was at the meeting. He said: “My father was killed not just because he was a Pandit..because he was looked as the Hindu community leader.”

Kashmiri Pandits
Kashmiri Hindus protest renaming of Shankaracharya Hill. Flickr

Taploo said his father was the first Pandit to have fallen to terrorist bullets in the Valley.

Also Read: Jammu And Kashmir’s Ad Film Wins Gold At IAA Awards

“Till today no government has brought any major change in Pandits’ lives, the atrocities we experienced and psychological trauma we suffered is fresh” he said.

In a statement calling for justice to “victims of terrorism,” the Global Kashmiri Pandit Diaspora said a memorandum signed by thousands of Kashmiri Pandits has been addressed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and submitted to Union Minister Hansraj Ahir. (IANS)

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