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The five elements of universe are Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space.

The term, "Panch tatva" often appears in the scriptures of ancient history and civilizations. This term refers to the "five elements" it is believed that the universe and our bodies are made of these five elements. These are Bhumi (Prithivi, Earth), Neer (Jal, Water), Agni (Aag, Fire), Vayu (Air) and Aakash (Space).

According to Indian Mythology, it is spiritually believed that our body is composed of Panch-Tatva called Pinda. These five elements are linked to our five senses, which are our senses of smell, taste, hearing, touch and sight. In Indian texts "Vastu" teaches us to live in balance and harmony with these five elements. Any disproportion in our internal and external Vastu will transform into an unhappy situation for us in our life. And when the soul leaves the body, these elements return to Nature in their original state.

Panch tattvas are the Foundation of the Cosmos

The entire cosmos is formed by these dynamic five elements and the composition and mix of these elements in each form – animate or inanimate – varies in degrees depending upon the structure, nature and function of the created object. Each element is individually rich with its core embryonic energy.

According to the density the Sky/Aakash element is said to be least dense as when there was nothing in the universe the sky came to be. Next, originate the air from the sky and happens to be omnipresent so it is denser than space. The fire element came to be due to the presence of air and hence it is denser than air. The next element Water derives its establishment from fire and has a higher density than fire. The Earth is said to be derived from water and the highest density amongst all the five elements of the cosmos is found in the Prithvi/Earth element. Each atom of any element is derived from these Pancha tattvas. The amalgamation of these five elements provides a broad spectrum to every object and being present in the universe. It not only makes it diverse and gives it an exceptional dimension.

The concept of Panch tatva and Human

Human and human consciousness is closely related to the five elements of nature. We embody them in ourselves as the physical and spiritual elements of a human. We embody the earth element as our physical body, water element as our mind, fire as our intelligence, air as awareness and sky as our consciousness.

Women walking in nature Human and human consciousness is closely related to the five elements of naturepixabay

Body as Earth:

The earth element solid as it is provides the matrix to the soil, landscape, flora and fauna. With its tremendous magnetic fields and gravitational force, it keeps every living and non-living thing grounded to the earth. We, humans, try to perceive everything in this world in material "form" or Body. We connect to the world outside through our body's sense organs which help to perceive five physical attributes of this Universe, namely Sound, Touch, Sight, Taste and Smell. We owe our existence to our physical body because our life is on Earth. The little finger of our hands symbolized the earth element of the universe.

Water as Mind:

Water is the source of life. Water constitutes 70% of Earth same goes for the human body. Water is the force that attracts different parts of an element and keeps it together. The mind brings reality to the physical world. Without the mind, there is no Body. Unlike the body this mind is fluid. The mind changes rapidly and flows or alternates between various perceptions. Hence, it is referred to as the water element, it is symbolized by the ring finger of our hand.

Fire as Intelligence:

Fire represents the energy that can be transformed into other types of energy. Without Intelligence, the Mind would just be a random flow of thoughts without any logic in it. Like the fire illuminated our path on the earth, our intelligence illuminates the path for the mind to flow logically. Intelligence becomes the path between the mind and our inner awareness

hence it is depicted by the middle finger on our hand.

Air as Awareness:

Air is a powerful life source that is necessary to sustain life. It is a bridge between earth to space and atmosphere. We can only feel our body, mind and intelligence when we are alive. Being alive is known as awareness. Like to ignite a fire air is needed, Awareness is needed for the fire of intelligence to propel the functioning of the Mind and the Body. The total of Awareness, intelligence, Mind and Body is called energy. It is represented by the index finger.

The sky as Consciousness:

Consciousness is an Unconditional Awareness like the sky is the vast open space that accommodates everything. It acts as a shelter to the earth and serves as a gateway to the starry galaxies that exist light years ahead of us. Without Consciousness, nothing can exist. Everything exists within Consciousness, the living, the dead, the moving, the immobile, the small, the big. Like everything exists in space, all existence comes into "Being due to Consciousness. Consciousness is symbolized as the thumb finger. It is the most powerful and dominant element, from which all other elements originate.

Keywords: universe, conscious, awareness, space, tattva, cosmos


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"Malgudi is where we all belong, and where we wish we lived."

Malgudi, a small fictional town in South India has been part of the childhood of most Indians. It is an old, shabby, and peaceful town that is unruffled by politics. The stories set in this small town ring the sense of belongingness in the hearts of its readers. The familiar feeling that feels like home resonates with their soul. And teaches important life lessons to the readers through simple tales. Malgudi Days is one of the books that every Indian child should read. The book is a compilation of 32 short stories that paint a beautiful picture of small-town in India around the '60s and '70s

R. K. Narayan, one of the most well-known and popular writers within India and outside India is the creator of this town and the occurrences of this town. The stories follow the characters Swami and his friends through their everyday lives. Be it the story of fake astrologers who scam and loot the people by his cleverness, or the story of a blind beggar and his dog where the money blinded the man with greed; each story has a lesson to learn, morals and values hidden in it. As the stories are simple, easy to understand yet heart-touching it makes it easy for the kids to connect with each character and imagine the story as if the reader themselves were the protagonist of the story. In simple words, we can say that R.K. Narayan simply told stories of ordinary people trying to live their simple lives in a changing world.

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Photo by Flickr

It is believed that when a woman goes through her menstrual cycle, she goes through the different lunar energies.

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Photo by Wikimedia Commons

Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourised in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated

The Pakistan Electronic Media Regulatory Authority (PEMRA) has directed Pak TV channels to stop airing what it calls indecency and intimacy in dramas, Samaa TV reported.

A notification issued by the authority states that it has been receiving numerous complaints from viewers who believe that the content being depicted in dramas does not represent the "true picture of Pakistani society".

"PEMRA finally got something right: Intimacy and affection between married couples isn't 'true depiction of Pakistani society and must not be 'glamourized'. Our 'culture' is control, abuse, and violence, which we must jealously guard against the imposition of such alien values," said Reema Omer, Legal Advisor, South Asia, International Commission of Jurists.

"Hugs, caress scenes, extramarital affairs, vulgar and bold dressing, bed scenes and intimacy of married couples are being glamourized in utter disregard to Islamic teachings and culture of Pakistani society," PEMRA stated, as per the report.

The authority added that it has directed channels time and again to review content with "indecent dressing, controversial and objectionable plots, bed scenes and unnecessary detailing of events".

Most complaints received by the PEMRA Call Centre during September concern drama serial "Juda Huay Kuch is Tarah", which created quite a storm on social media for showing an unwitting married couple as foster siblings in a teaser for an upcoming episode. However, it only turned out to be a family scheme after the full episode aired, but by that time criticism had mounted on HUM TV for using the themes of incest to drive the plot, the report said. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: Pakistan, Islam, Serials, Dramas, Culture, Teachings.