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The five elements of universe are Earth, Water, Fire, Air and Space.

The term, "Panch tatva" often appears in the scriptures of ancient history and civilizations. This term refers to the "five elements" it is believed that the universe and our bodies are made of these five elements. These are Bhumi (Prithivi, Earth), Neer (Jal, Water), Agni (Aag, Fire), Vayu (Air) and Aakash (Space).

According to Indian Mythology, it is spiritually believed that our body is composed of Panch-Tatva called Pinda. These five elements are linked to our five senses, which are our senses of smell, taste, hearing, touch and sight. In Indian texts "Vastu" teaches us to live in balance and harmony with these five elements. Any disproportion in our internal and external Vastu will transform into an unhappy situation for us in our life. And when the soul leaves the body, these elements return to Nature in their original state.


Panch tattvas are the Foundation of the Cosmos

The entire cosmos is formed by these dynamic five elements and the composition and mix of these elements in each form – animate or inanimate – varies in degrees depending upon the structure, nature and function of the created object. Each element is individually rich with its core embryonic energy.

According to the density the Sky/Aakash element is said to be least dense as when there was nothing in the universe the sky came to be. Next, originate the air from the sky and happens to be omnipresent so it is denser than space. The fire element came to be due to the presence of air and hence it is denser than air. The next element Water derives its establishment from fire and has a higher density than fire. The Earth is said to be derived from water and the highest density amongst all the five elements of the cosmos is found in the Prithvi/Earth element. Each atom of any element is derived from these Pancha tattvas. The amalgamation of these five elements provides a broad spectrum to every object and being present in the universe. It not only makes it diverse and gives it an exceptional dimension.

The concept of Panch tatva and Human

Human and human consciousness is closely related to the five elements of nature. We embody them in ourselves as the physical and spiritual elements of a human. We embody the earth element as our physical body, water element as our mind, fire as our intelligence, air as awareness and sky as our consciousness.

Women walking in nature Human and human consciousness is closely related to the five elements of naturepixabay


Body as Earth:

The earth element solid as it is provides the matrix to the soil, landscape, flora and fauna. With its tremendous magnetic fields and gravitational force, it keeps every living and non-living thing grounded to the earth. We, humans, try to perceive everything in this world in material "form" or Body. We connect to the world outside through our body's sense organs which help to perceive five physical attributes of this Universe, namely Sound, Touch, Sight, Taste and Smell. We owe our existence to our physical body because our life is on Earth. The little finger of our hands symbolized the earth element of the universe.

Water as Mind:

Water is the source of life. Water constitutes 70% of Earth same goes for the human body. Water is the force that attracts different parts of an element and keeps it together. The mind brings reality to the physical world. Without the mind, there is no Body. Unlike the body this mind is fluid. The mind changes rapidly and flows or alternates between various perceptions. Hence, it is referred to as the water element, it is symbolized by the ring finger of our hand.

Fire as Intelligence:

Fire represents the energy that can be transformed into other types of energy. Without Intelligence, the Mind would just be a random flow of thoughts without any logic in it. Like the fire illuminated our path on the earth, our intelligence illuminates the path for the mind to flow logically. Intelligence becomes the path between the mind and our inner awareness

hence it is depicted by the middle finger on our hand.

Air as Awareness:

Air is a powerful life source that is necessary to sustain life. It is a bridge between earth to space and atmosphere. We can only feel our body, mind and intelligence when we are alive. Being alive is known as awareness. Like to ignite a fire air is needed, Awareness is needed for the fire of intelligence to propel the functioning of the Mind and the Body. The total of Awareness, intelligence, Mind and Body is called energy. It is represented by the index finger.

The sky as Consciousness:

Consciousness is an Unconditional Awareness like the sky is the vast open space that accommodates everything. It acts as a shelter to the earth and serves as a gateway to the starry galaxies that exist light years ahead of us. Without Consciousness, nothing can exist. Everything exists within Consciousness, the living, the dead, the moving, the immobile, the small, the big. Like everything exists in space, all existence comes into "Being due to Consciousness. Consciousness is symbolized as the thumb finger. It is the most powerful and dominant element, from which all other elements originate.

Keywords: universe, conscious, awareness, space, tattva, cosmos


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