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Wolves in captivity in India

While superstition and many other such beliefs emerged in the heyday of developmental changes in Bangalore, the evolution of such a gruesome urban legend is rather strange.

In the span of two years, when 11 people went missing from nearby villages in the Pavagada, Yadgir, Raichur areas, at first people believed that perhaps it was the doing of the spirits or witches, or maybe it was an unfortunate coincidence.

Sometime later, more people began to go missing, and this was unexplained. The people set up a search party, and they discovered skulls of the dead in a neat trail. There was no flesh on these bones at all. Superstitions took root once again and people assumed that supernatural beings were at work.

Wolves were believed to have killed many people from the village Image source: Wikimedia Commons

When the disappearances continued, they noticed that only girls began to disappear. They put together a canine search team, which led them to the mouth of an open cave. There were skulls around. The people immediately names hyenas and werewolves, but the disappearances never stopped. Finally, they decided that perhaps the region had been inhabited by wolves, who carried away smaller-sized humans for food. Despite further efforts, the actual source of the deaths has not been found out.

The region was also known for black magic, and it still is the hotbed of the black arts. When the police noticed that there was silence associated with the disappearances, and no one saw any evidence of wolves, they decided to go with the possibility that these deaths were happening as a result of human sacrifices by those who indulged in black magic. But they have not been successful in tracking the real murdered. The case resurfaced in 2005 and 2013 and still remains a mystery.

Keywords: Wolves, Black magic, Pavagada, Urban Legend


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Intoday's time, if someone uses fountain pens, they are seen 'superior' or 'royal'.

Today, fountain pens are seen as aesthetic souvenirs. In fact, in today's time, if someone uses fountain pens, they are seen as 'superior' or 'royal'. Interestingly, there exists an astounding story behind the usage of fountain pens.

It is believed that the first mention of the fountain pen was in the year 973, when Ma'ād al-Mu'izz, who was the caliph of the Maghreb region of Northwest Africa, asked for a pen that would keep his hand clean while using it and would not leave ink marks. So, al-Mu'izz's wish was fulfilled when he received a pen that held the ink inside and could also be held upside-down without spilling the ink. Though, it must be noted that we are not quite aware of how this pen looked or worked.

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Holige, ready to serve

During the festive season, kitchens are filled with people trying to find a space for them to work, while they contribute to the eventual feast. In India, festivals are one of the most important things that bind families and friends together over food. Diwali is of those festivals that apart from being known for the colors and lights, is known and remembered by the elaborate dishes that each family doles out.

In Karnataka, parts of Gujarat and Maharashtra, and South India in general, making obbattu/ holige/ puran poli is a festive ritual. Known as Holige, more popularly in Kannada, this dish is eaten as a dessert because of its sweetness but can be eaten as a meal in itself because of its nutritious value.

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Kerala Kalamandalam admits girl students after 90 years

Kerala Kalamandalam that teaches the globally recognized art form of Kerala -- Kathakali, has for the first time in its history of 90 years, admitted girl students.

In class VII of Kalamadalam, out of 10 students admitted, 9 are girl students for its Kathakali course. Kathakali is a highly masculine art form with even the female characters being portrayed by men. The attempt is being welcomed across the world.

However several women had started practicing Kathakali in 1970 and 1990 and K.K. Gopalakrishnan, renowned art critic of Kerala in his research book, 'Kathakali Dance - Theatre', said that some women from foreign countries had trained for some short-term courses in Kerala on Kathakali.

Most of these performing women artists were either trained privately by Kathakali masters but this is the first time that Kalamandalam is taking in girl students for its long-term programme.

T.K. Narayanan, Vice-Chancellor, Kerala Kalamandalam told media persons that giving admission to girl students in Kalamadalam was a demand for several quarters since long and that this academic year the governing body has decided to give admission to girl students in a full-time programme at Kalamandalam.

Training at Kalamandalam from school days would expose the students to the teaching and guidance of experts and a diverse pool of teachers of the institute who have huge exposure and deep knowledge of the subject. (IANS/JB)

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