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Astronauts from Clemson University in US Believe Human Urine Can Help Safer Space Travel

In an effort to improve safe space travel, Clemson University researchers carried out the experiments

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Clemson University
The experiment has strong implications for safer space travel. Wikimedia
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  • A team of astronauts from Clemson University has carried out a strange research
  • The research has carried out bioengineering of Yarrowia lipolytica Yeast Strains 
  • These strains will help in the production of Omega 3 Fatty Acids which are vital to human well-being

US, August 28, 2017: A team of astronauts headed by Clemson University’s Assistant Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Mark Blenner, bioengineered Yarrowia Lipolytica Yeast Strains which will further produce Omega-3 Fatty Acids.

The Yeast Strains of Yarrowia Lipolytica are known for feeding on urine. The team of astronauts have thought of capitalizing on this crucial fact.

Also Read: ‘Sensory skin’ to help astronauts to know exactly when the outside of their spacecraft has been damaged: NASA

The bioengineered strains can also be used for producing polyesters that have tremendous property of molding into shapes.

During the research and experiment testing, the team was able to produce over 50mg of Omega-3 fatty acids. Further, 250 mg of plastic was also a result of this bioengineered yeast.

The objective of the research is of crucial importance to safer space travel. Stockpiling of food and bulky space supplies requires a huge space of the cargo room, which also used more fuel for it to move out of Earth’s gravity. So for a space mission, it is more efficient for the mission to utilize tools generated from waste compounds.

The Omega-3 Fatty Acid is stored inside the walls of the yeast as it grows. But how these fatty acids, that are vital for human health, be consumed?


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Omega-3 Could Help Kids Reduce Disruptive Behavior: Study

Findings suggest that improving child behaviour through omega-3 supplementation could have long-term benefits to the family system as a whole

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Omega-3
The research is an example of how biological and social factors can help explain and predict impulsive and risky behaviour in children, Pixabay

Consuming omega-3 fatty acid supplements can potentially reduce disruptive and even abusive behaviour in kids, researchers have found.

Improving child behaviour could also lead to improvements in parent behaviour. However no study has examined whether omega-3 supplementation in children could reduce intimate partner violence or child maltreatment by their adult caregivers, the researchers said.

“This is a promising line of research because omega-3 fatty acids are thought to improve brain health in children and adults,” said Jill Portnoy, Assistant Professor in the University of Massachusetts – Lowell, US.

“There is more to be learned about the benefits, but if we can improve people’s brain health, and behaviour in the process, that’s a really big plus,” Portnoy added.

The research is an example of how biological and social factors can help explain and predict impulsive and risky behaviour in children, he said.

Omega-3
Caregivers of children in the omega-3 group reported long-term reductions in psychological aggression. Pixabay

For the study, published in the journal Aggressive Behavior, a group of 200 children were randomized to receive either a fruit drink containing 1 gm of omega-3 fats and a placebo group drank the same fruit drink without omega-3.

Caregivers of children in the omega-3 group reported long-term reductions in psychological aggression.

Improvements in adult psychological aggression were correlated with improvements in child externalizing behaviour scores.

No differences were reported for child maltreatment.

Also Read: Omega-3 Supplements do not Protect Against Heart Disease: Study

“This study is the first to show that omega-3 supplementation in children can reduce inter-partner psychological aggression among adult caregivers not receiving supplements,” the researchers said.

“Findings suggest that improving child behaviour through omega-3 supplementation could have long-term benefits to the family system as a whole,” they noted. (IANS)