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Third Gender: An Identity which Awaits Recognition and Acceptance!

Transgender is generally understood to be a broad category encompassing many gender identities and expressions

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recognize us as a part of the society and not a flaw of the society
Third gender, Wikimedia

Nov 17, 2016: Identity classification is of foremost in any country, be it a developing nation or a developed country, its acceptance of an individual categorically chooses two identities: male and female. As if they are only the sole granter of being an ideal citizen.

It is pretty strange that the third gender identity has existed for several decades but they still suffer from an identity crisis. Their existence in the society is still questionable and tough for the common people to accept. The word transgender gained widespread popularity in the 1990s as an umbrella term to describe people who cross over – or trans – traditional gender roles.

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Currently, transgender is generally understood to be a broad category encompassing many gender identities and expressions, including transsexual, genderqueer and cross-dresser, among many other. Though the term transgender has only been used in print for about 50 years, transgender-related practices have existed throughout history. For example, in the late 18th century, a male-born French diplomat named Chevalier d’Éon famously identified, dressed and passed as a woman for more than 30 years.

Most of them consider their birth as ‘the single biggest regret of their life’. Is it their fault or is the backwardness of the society that compel them to curse their birth. This is the biggest challenge that we are facing even today. The answer is none. We tend to follow the guidelines of our country and when a country itself doesn’t recognize a community how can they expect the layman to do so. When we boastfully talk of nationalism, secularism, equality do we even think of including this section of society within our debate? No, we never do that because it is always either a male or a female or else it has no identity.

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The atrocity on the third gender and the violence on them in the profession of prostitution is not hidden from us. They are treated as a flaw to a society and thus exploited to any extent. Let’s take the example of Alisha, a Pakistani transgender who was shot dead by her boyfriend. Her friends say she was neglected by doctors and medical professionals who taunted her, rather than treating her. One of her friend Farzana, heading an organisation devoted to fighting for the rights of transgender people in Pakistan’s conservative north-west told that “First they sent her to male ward, but other patient and family members ordered her out. She was shunted then to the female ward, but she wasn’t welcome there either”. As outcasts, Pakistan’s transgender people are often forced into begging, dancing and even prostitution to earn money.  They also live in fear of attacks, causing most to either change their names or use only one name to give them anonymity in the society.

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As soon as their gender identity begins to unfold, the future of khawaja saras becomes shaky. Their childhoods are plagued with memories of aggressive relatives determined to shake them out of what they call their “feminine phase”.  However there is a small relief for the transgender people of Pakistan as of now since at least 50 clerics in Pakistan issued a fatwa , declaring marriage between transgender persons lawful. A transgender person having “visible signs of being a male” may marry a woman or a transgender person with “visible signs of being a female” and vice versa, the religious decree said. However, the fatwa added that a person with “visible signs of both genders” cannot marry anyone, Dawn reported.

As of India, the Center introduced the Transgender Person’s (Protection Of Rights) Bill, 2016, aiming to do away with the discrimination against transpersons and giving them the right to “self-perceived” gender identity, as reported by PTI. The Bill also mentions equipping every establishment with a grievance redressal process, to ensure protection from harassment and discrimination. Punishments will include a jail term ranging from six months to two years. A penalty to be imposed on those persons found guilty of forcing a transgender to bonded

Punishments will include a jail term ranging from six months to two years. A penalty to be imposed on those persons found guilty of forcing a transgender to bonded labour or begging, according to the Bill. This is a very positive step taken by the government to shed the insecurity of being a transgender person. It now, up to the society as to how they co-operate to the proposed law.

by Saptaparni Goon of NewsGram. Twitter: @saptaparni_goon

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YouTube CEO Apologises to LGBTQ Community

The platform is looking to re-evaluate its harassment policies in the wake of the ongoing situation

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FILE - Signage is seen inside the YouTube Space LA offices in Los Angeles, California, Oct. 21, 2015. VOA

After the LGBTQ community called out to YouTube for not considering homophobic remarks as violation of its platform’s policies, company CEO Susan Wojcicki apologised to the community.

“I know that the decisions we made were very hurtful to the LGBTQ community and that wasn’t our intention at all. That was not our intention, and we are really sorry about that,” The Verge quoted Wojcicki as saying at the Code Conference in Scottsdale, Arizona on Monday.

Wojcicki’s apology comes in the wake of the company’s failure to take more definitive action against conservative pundit Steven Crowder who made homophobic and racist comments about Vox publications writer Carlos Maza, calling him “lispy queer” and “gay Mexican”.

The decision led to mass outcry from YouTube creators, critics and even Google employees who signed a petition against YouTube’s decision.

Apologising and defending the decision, the YouTube CEO said: “I’m really, personally very sorry. As a company we really want to support this community. It’s just from a policy standpoint we need to be consistent – if we took down that content, there would be so much other content that we need to take down.”

Sikh, Man, Rainbow, Turban
Pride Month kicked off on June 1 and honours the LGBTQ community while commemorating New York’s Stonewall riots in June 1969. Pixabay

Even though YouTube left Crowder’s channel up, it did remove advertisements from his channel, the report added.

This is not the first time that Google has been pulled up for its anti-LGBTQ community stand.

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In March, US-based LGBTQ civil rights advocacy group — Human Rights Campaign (HRC) Foundation — suspended Google from its 2019 Corporate Equality Index (CEI) for failing to remove a “conversation therapy” app from its PlayStore.

The platform is looking to re-evaluate its harassment policies in the wake of the ongoing situation. (IANS)