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Tibetan Monk Sentenced for The Second Time by Chinese Authorities in Tibet

He was kept under incommunicado detention since then and neither his family members nor the monastery had much information

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Tibetan, Monk, Chinese
In July last year, Kirti Monastery’s monk Lobsang Dorje aged about 36 years was picked up by the Chinese police authorities from his monastic quarters in the middle of the night on suspicion of contacting with the outside world.

By Vijyender Sharma

 A Tibetan monk from Ngaba county’s Kirti Monastery who was arrested more than a year ago was sentenced to 3 years in prison by Chinese authorities  as per information received by Tibetan Government in exile at Dharmshala. Tibetan

In July last year, Kirti Monastery’s monk Lobsang Dorje aged about 36 years was picked up by the Chinese police authorities from his monastic quarters in the middle of the night on suspicion of contacting with the outside world. He was kept under incommunicado detention since then and neither his family members nor the monastery had much information about his whereabouts until the recent sentencing. According to Lobsang Yeshi and Kanyag Tsering, monks from branch of Kirti Monastery based in Dharamshala, Lobsang Dorje was born in the Ngaba County’s Chukle Gabma village and joined Kirti Monastery in Tibet at a very young age. His father’s name is Sangri.

This is the second sentencing of Lobsang Dorje. He was earlier arrested on 23 May 2008 for showing disrespect to the “patriotic re-education” which was being imposed on the Kirti monastery. He was sentenced to two years imprisonment then.

Tibetan, Monk, Chinese
A Tibetan monk from Ngaba county’s Kirti Monastery who was arrested more than a year ago was sentenced to 3 years in prison by Chinese authorities as per information received by Tibetan Government in exile at Dharmshala. Pixabay

The health conditions of Lobsang Dorje is yet unknown. It is a common practice of torturing Tibetan political prisoners especially while they are in incommunicado detention. Moreover, former political prisoners are especially in a vulnerable position as they are under continuous surveillance by the authorities and are picked up from their residence at odd hours on mere suspicions as was the case with Lobsang Dorje.

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Moreover, the charges for sentencing Lobsang Dorje are not yet known. China has frequently abused and misused the law, particularly Article 103 (2) of the Chinese Criminal law on “incitement to separatism” to suppress freedom of expression, religion, assembly and association and the cultural rights of the Tibetans. Recently Five UN Special Rapporteurs wrote to China asking about a group of Tibetans arrested for celebrating the Dalai Lama’s 80th birthday.

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Chinese Researchers Spot Monster Black Hole Bigger Than Sun

Chinese team spots monster black hole which is 70 times bigger than Sun

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Black Hole
A team of Chinese scientists spotted a black hole that is 70 times larger than the sun. (Representational Image Only). Wikimedia Commons

A team led by Chinese researchers has spotted a monster black hole with a mass 70 times greater than Sun — toppling the earlier assumption that the mass of an individual black hole in our Galaxy is no more than 20 times that of Sun.

Our Milky Way Galaxy is estimated to contain 100 million stellar black holes — cosmic bodies formed by the collapse of massive stars and so dense even light can’t escape.

The team, headed by Professor LIU Jifeng of the National Astronomical Observatory of China of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC), spotted a stellar black hole with a mass 70 times greater than the Sun.

The monster black hole is located 15 thousand light-years from Earth and has been named “LB-1” by the researchers in a paper reported in the journal Nature.

“Black holes of such mass should not even exist in our Galaxy, according to most of the current models of stellar evolution,” said LIU.

“We thought that very massive stars with the chemical composition typical of our Galaxy must shed most of their gas in powerful stellar winds, as they approach the end of their life. Therefore, they should not leave behind such a massive remnant,” he explained.

Spotting black hole
The monster black hole is located 15 thousand light-years from Earth. (Representational Image Only). Wikimedia Commons

Until just a few years ago, stellar black holes could only be discovered when they gobbled up gas from a companion star.

The vast majority of stellar black holes in our Galaxy are not engaged in a cosmic banquet, though, and thus don’t emit revealing X-rays.

As a result, only about two dozen Galactic stellar black holes have been well identified and measured.

To counter this limitation, LIU and collaborators surveyed the sky with China’s Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST).

After the initial discovery, the world’s largest optical telescopes – Spain’s 10.4-m Gran Telescopio Canarias and the 10-m Keck I telescope in the US – were used to determine the system’s physical parameters.
The results were nothing short of fantastic: a star eight times heavier than the Sun was seen orbiting a 70-solar-mass black hole, every 79 days.

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The direct sighting of LB-1 proves that this population of over-massive stellar black holes exists even in our own backyard.

“This discovery forces us to re-examine our models of how stellar-mass black holes form,” said LIGO Director Professor David Reitze from University of Florida in the US. (IANS)