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Cultural genocide in Tibet due to Chinese domination

China blames Dalai Lama for all these uprisings and has described these uprisings as "violent behaviour whose aim is to create an atmosphere of terror".

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Self-Immolation in Tibet, Wikimedia commons
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Since 2008, there has been a series of protests by Tibetans against the repressive Chinese domination in Tibet. Most of these self-immolation acts are done by monks, nuns or ex-monks. Some of them were even teenagers.

  • Tibet (also called as the Land of snow) is a beautiful plateau located in the centre of Asia and south-west China. Before China’s invasion, Tibet was comprised of 3 provinces- Kham, U-Tsang, and Amdo. Protests mainly take place in China’s occupied Tibet (i.e. in regions such as U-Tsang and parts of Kham).
  • According to a survey done by freetibet.org, more than 140 in March 2009, 80 in 2012 and nearly 40 peoples in 2013 have immolated themselves. Near about 6800 protesters have been arrested and tortured by Chinese troops.
Burnt body of a protester, Wikimedia commons
Burnt body of a protester, Wikimedia commons
  • The protests began as a result of Chinese invasion. According to freetibet.org, Chinese have wiped out the culture, religion, tradition, environmental assets of Tibet followed by repressive measures by Chinese security forces. In order to seek freedom and to protect their culture and national dignity, Tibetans have outburst into severe protests.
  • Not only from religious institutions but these protestors also include teachers, students, herdsmen, fathers, mothers and also teenagers (some of them have reported being 15 years old). Following the non-violence path set up by Dalai Lama, Tibetans prefer peaceful protests. However if needed, they go for any forms of protests.

Watch this 1 hour documentary on:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ao5NxasryxA

  • While on fire, Tibetans have shouted for Dalai Lama’s long life and his return to Tibet. They have also insisted on bringing human freedom rights back to Tibet. Protestors such as Tsering Gyal also said before dying that Today I self-immolated for the reunion of Tibetans inside and outside Tibet. My only wish for you is to be united and to work for the preservation of Tibetan language and tradition. If we do these things, Tibetans will be reunited.

Related article :Key facts regarding China’s invasion of Tibet

  • A portrait of another protestor Sangye Dolma was published after his death in which words were written in her hand “Tibet is an independent country.”
  • Back in the 1980 and in 2008 when Beijing was supposed to host the Olympic Games, Tibetans protested in huge numbers.
  • However, China has responded abruptly regarding this issue. With fear of spreading this news, China has intrinsically done complete blackout in the affected regions. With the increase in their military forces, they have introduced severe punishment and tortured for the accused and the protestors. China blames Dalai Lama for all these uprisings and has described these uprisings as “violent behaviour whose aim is to create an atmosphere of terror” . Even foreign journalists are rarely allowed inside the region.
  • Dalai Lama has remained neutral on this issue. He says “This is a very, very delicate political issue. If I say something positive, then the Chinese immediately blame me. If I say something negative, then the family members of those people feel very sad. They sacrificed their own life. It is not easy. So I do not want to create some kind of impression that this is wrong. So the best thing is to remain neutral.”

Prepared by Pritam

Pritam is a 3rd year engineering student in B.P. Poddar institute of management and technology, Kolkata. A simple person who tries to innovate and improvise himself. Twitter @pritam_gogreen

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Indian ‘Spy’ Explorer: 12 Facts About Nain Singh Rawat

An Indian 'spy' explorer who worked for the British changed the exploration game

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Nain Singh Rawat was a spy explorer for the Britishers. Pixabay
Nain Singh Rawat was a spy explorer for the Britishers. Pixabay

Nain Singh Rawat, one of the first of 19th century Indian explorers, explored the Himalayas for the British. He determined the location and altitude of Lhasa, mapped the trade route through Nepal to Tibet, also a large section of the Brahmaputra. On 27th June 2004, commemorating his role in the Great Trigonometric Survey, an Indian postage stamp was issued featuring Nain Singh.

ALSO READ: T E Lawrence more than just a Middle East explorer

Here are 12 facts about him you may not have known before:

1. He was born in a Shauka village, which is located in the valley of Johar in Kumaon Hills. The valley is famous for its ‘Bhotia explorers’ from the British Era.

2. Nain Singh used to help his father, visiting different centres in Tibet. He learned the Tibetan language, comprehended the customs practiced by the local people. All of it proved to be beneficial in the years that followed.

3. In 1855, he was recruited by the Schlagintweit brothers (German geographers), they had approached the office of Survey of India, which allowed them to proceed with their survey.

4. Afterwards, Nain Singh along with three family members went on his first exploration trip, travelling to Manasarovar and Rakas Tal, and even further to Gartok and Ladakh.

He changed the exploration game, which was mostly dominated by Europeans, by his work in Tibet. Pixabay
He changed the exploration game, which was mostly dominated by Europeans, by his work in Tibet. Pixabay

5. After working with the German brothers, Nain Singh Rawat was appointed as the headmaster of a government vernacular school in his village.

6. In 1963, Nain Singh Rawat and Mani Singh Rawat (his cousin), after being selected, went to the Great Trigonometrical Survery office in Dehradun. They underwent training for two years. They learned to use scientific instruments and ingenious ways of measuring and recording, and also, the art of disguise.

7. He was exceptionally intelligent. He quickly learned the correct use of scientific instruments like the sextant and compass, he could easily recognize all the major stars and different constellations.

8. He had donned the guise of a Tibetan Monk, as a part of the secret ‘spy’ exploration mission, to walk from his home region of Kumaon to places as far as Kathmandu, Lhasa, and Tawang.

9. He collected intelligence under the most testing conditions. Travelling closely with the local population in caravans, Nain Singh mapped the vast expanses of Tibet and its river systems.

Nain Singh met the Dalai Lama in 1865. Pixabay
Nain Singh met the Dalai Lama in 1865. Pixabay

10. He left the Trigonometrical Survey in 1865 to head out for Nepal with his cousin. Though his cousin returned, he went on to explore Tashihunpo, where he met the Panchen Lama, and later in Lhasa, he met the Dalai Lama.

11. While on his second voyage in 1867, he was exploring western Tibet. Nain Singh stumbled across the gold mines of Thok Jalung. He was awestruck by the humility of workers who only dug near the surface for gold. They believed that digging deeper was a crime against the Earth and would deprive it of its fertility.

12. In his last and greatest journey, he traveled from Leh in Kashmir to Lhasa. This journey was complete between 1873 and 1875.

ALSO READ: 10 Must Know Facts About Subhas Chandra Bose

Nain Singh Rawat was honoured with a land-grant of two villages, in recognition of his fabulous achievements.  According to Colonel Henry Yule, “his explorations had added a larger amount of important knowledge to the map of Asia than any other living man”.