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Toddlers Like Individuals with High-status, and Avoid Bullies: Study

Further, the researchers explored whether toddlers would still prefer the winning puppet if it won by using brute force

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Toddlers
Toddlers like high-status winners, but avoid bullies. Pixabay

Toddlers like high-status individuals who win, but prefer to avoid those who win conflicts by using force, a study has found.

The results demonstrated how toddlers use social cues and prefer to affiliate themselves with the winners of conflicts and avoid those who they have seen yield to others.

“The way you behave in a conflict of interest reveals something about your social status,” said lead author Ashley Thomas from University of California, Irvine.

“Across all social animal species, those with a lower social status will yield to those above them in the hierarchy. We wanted to explore whether small children also judge high and low status individuals differently,” she added.

For the study, published in the journal Nature Human Behavior, the team included a small group of toddlers aged 21 to 31 months, and presented them with two puppets that attempt to cross a stage in opposite directions.

Toddlers
Representational image. Pixabay

When the puppets meet in the middle, they block each other’s way. One puppet then yields to the other and moves aside, allowing the other puppet to continue and reach its goal of crossing the stage.

The majority of the kids reached for the puppet that had “won” the conflict on the stage — the unyielding puppet, indicating that they preferred the high-status puppet — the one that others voluntarily yield to.

Further, the researchers explored whether toddlers would still prefer the winning puppet if it won by using brute force.

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The team exposed a new group of toddlers to the same puppet show, but this time one puppet would forcefully knock the other puppet over to reach its goal. Now a majority of children avoided the winning puppet and reached for the victim instead.

“Our results indicate that the fundamental social rules and motives that undergird core social relationships may be inherent in human nature, which itself developed during thousands of years of living together in cultural communities,” the researchers said. (IANS)

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Instagram Rolling out ‘Restrict’ Feature to Restrain Bullies Via Offensive Posts or Comments

Certain posts will be hidden from users under age 18 while others will be removed from Instagram as well as parent company’s platform Facebook, said Instagram’s public policy manager Emma Collins

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Facebook, Messenger and Instagram apps are displayed on an iPhone, March 13, 2019, in New York. VOA

Facebook-owned Instagram is rolling out a new mode called “Restrict” globally that will let users stop people who bully them via offensive posts or abusive comments.

You can restrict someone by swiping left on a comment, through the Privacy tab in Settings, or directly on the profile of the account you intend to restrict, Instagram announced on Wednesday.

“Starting today, you can protect your account from unwanted interactions with a new feature called Restrict. Once Restrict is enabled, comments on your posts from a person you have restricted will only be visible to that person,” said the company.

You can choose to view the comment by tapping “See Comment”; approve the comment so everyone can see it, delete it or ignore it.

“You won’t receive any notifications for comments from a restricted account,” the company added.

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FILE – The Instagram icon is displayed on a mobile screen in Los Angeles. VOA

Direct messages will automatically move to Message Request, and users will not receive notifications from a restricted account.

“You can still view the messages but the restricted account will not be able to see when you’ve read their direct messages or when you are active on Instagram. You can choose to “Unrestrict” the account and future messages will go directly to your inbox,” the company added.

Instagram is using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to detect bullying and other types of harmful content in comments, photos and videos.

Also Read: Google Launches Privacy-focused Tools in Some of its Services

Last month, Instagram announced to restrict people under age 18 from viewing posts from celebrity influencers that promote cosmetic surgery and various weight-loss products.

Certain posts will be hidden from users under age 18 while others will be removed from Instagram as well as parent company’s platform Facebook, said Instagram’s public policy manager Emma Collins. (IANS)