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In line with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s clarion call of “Beti Bachao”, Indian sports have come out of it and witnessed a sea change with more and more sportswomen making the country proud with their achievements.
Here is a list of female sportsperson who had brought immense glory to the country.
- MITHALI RAJ (CRICKET)
Indian skipper Mithali Raj created history when she became the first woman to cross the 5000 runs milestone in One-Day Internationals. Mithali also became the second highest run getter of all time in women’s cricket.
She was awarded the prestigious Padma Shri award in January 2015 for her contribution in the cricket.
- HEENA SINDHU (AIR PISTOL)
The former world number one lived up to the billing when she bagged the gold medal in women’s 10m air pistol event in 2015 Asian Air Gun Championships in New Delhi.
- DEEPIKA KUMARI (ARCHERY)
In 2015, Deepika’s first medal came at the second stage of the Archery World Cup, where she won a bronze in the individual event. The latter half of the year saw her winning the Silver Medal in 2015 Archery World Cup final.
She was bestowed with the Arjuna Award, India’s second highest sporting award in the year 2012 by President of India Pranab Mukherjee.
- SAINA NEHWAL (BADMINTON)
The Ace champion won the 2015 India Open Grand Prix Gold by defeating Spain’s Carolina Marin in the final. She became the first Indian woman shuttler to reach the finals of All England Open Badminton Championship but lost to Carolina in the final. She became World number 1 after she won her maiden women’s singles title at the India OpenBWF Super Series and was finally declared the first Indian women’s player to be World No.1 in badminton.
- JOSHNA CHINAPPA (SQUASH)
Veteran Joshna Chinappa made a record after she became the highest ranked Indian in the world professional squash circuit in 2015.
She won the 2015 Women’s Victorian Open Melbourne after upstaging the second seed Line Hansen to win the title.
- SANIA MIRZA (TENNIS)
Currently ranked number 1 in women’s doubles, India’s tennis sensation Sania Mirza won a plethora of trophies in 2015. Sania Mirza partnered with Martina Hingis and became the first Indian player to win women’s doubles Grand Slam title in Wimbledon 2015. She also became the second tennis player to receive the country’s highest sporting honour – Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award. She also won Sydney International (Sydney) with American Bethanie Mattek-Sands. With Swiss Martina Hingis she also won Indian Wells Masters (Indian Wells), Miami open, Family Circle Cup (Charleston), US Open (New York), Guangzhou International Women’s Open (Guangzhou), Wuhan Open (Wuhan), China Open (Beijing) and WTA Finals (Singapore) in 2015.
Throughout her career, Mirza has established herself as the most successful female Indian tennis player ever and one of the highest-paid and high-profile athletes in the country.
- DIPA KARMAKAR: THE GOLDEN GIRL (GYMNASTICS)
This golden girl of Tripura became the first Indian to participate in the finals of World Gymnastics Championship and scored 14.900 points in the women’s vault qualification in the World Gymnastics Championships 2015 in Glasgow followed by a women’s vault bronze medal which she clinched at the Asian Championships 2015 held in Hiroshima, Japan. She received the prestigious Arjuna award for her achievements.
- LALITA BABAR (ATHLETICS)
Lalita Babar, the Maharashtra athlete, bagged a gold medal in the women’s 3000m
steeplechase in the National Open Championship and created a new record by clocking in 9 hours, 39 minutes breaking the previous record of 10 hours, 8 minutes set by Sudha Singh. Lalita is the first Indian who smashed her own national record and qualified for the women’s 3000m steeplechase final in the World Athletics Championships.
- DEBORAH HEROLD (CYCLING)
Deborah made history in 2015 when she became the first cyclist from India to attain world ranking as high as four, achieving it in the 500m Time Trial event. This fast rising name in the world cycling charts further added to her growing accolades by winning three medals (one gold and two silver) at the Track Asia Cup in the Capital last month.
10. ARUNIMA SINHA (MOUNTAINEER)
Arunima Sinha is the first female amputee to climb Mount Everest. Losing her leg in a train accident did not deter this mountaineer who is also the first Indian amputee to climb Mount Everest.
This former national volleyball player has written a book “Born again on the mountain”, launched by Prime minister of India Narendra Modi in December 2014.
She was awarded Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 2015.
(Image courtesy: scoopwhoop.com)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Thursday announced that 2022 will be celebrated as the friendship year for India and ASEAN countries as both have completed 30 years of partnership.
The event will coincide with India's celebrations of the 75th year of Independence from the colonial regime, he added.
While participating in the 18th edition of the India-ASEAN Summit, Modi said, "India is committed to deepening its relations with the next presidency, Cambodia and country-coordinator Singapore."
"History is witness to the fact that India and ASEAN have had relations for thousands of years. India-ASEAN relations are reflected in everything, including in our shared values, traditions, languages, scriptures, architecture, culture, food," the Prime Minister noted.
Speaking about the Covid pandemic which engulfed the whole world, he further said that the Covid period was also a test of India-ASEAN friendship. "Our mutual ties in the Covid time will keep strengthening our corporations in future and form a base for goodwill between our people," Modi added.
He further said that the unity and centrality of ASEAN have always been a priority for India and history has witnessed the fact that "we have had ties since thousands of years," he said.
The Prime Minister also said that India's Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) and ASEAN's Outlook for the Indo-Pacific are the framework for their shared vision and mutual cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region.
During the Summit, the head of the member states will review the progress of India and ASEAN Strategic Partnerships which was signed in 2012. They will also review the progress achieved in the sectors like Covid-19, health, trade and investment, connectivity, education among others, the officials of India's Ministry of External Affairs said. (IANS/JB)
Keywords: India, and ASEAN partnership, COVID-19, India, and ASEAN, India, and history, Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative.
Light, airy, and silky, Chanderi silk is to the standards of Indian royals. Some believe it resembles muslin because of its texture, but recently, it has been incorporated with silk threads which adds an additional sheen.
Madhya Pradesh's Chanderi town is where the silk fabric was born. Handwoven sarees were famous here, as it was the primary textile centre in between the 7th and 2nd century BC. Because of its transparency, lightness, and rich look, royals began to patronize this fabric. From the 11th century AD, Chanderi silk became well-known across the country.
The Chanderi weave is a heritage. Long lines of weavers passed this skill to their children, and it is not disclosed to anyone else. It is too delicate to be woven on power looms as the threads are spun until they are as fine as a 300 count. A special root named Kolikanda is used to extract the cotton wool for the silk. These days, gold and silver are embroidered into it. Motifs were created with metal dust.
A weaver working on a Chanderi loom Image credit: Wikimedia commons
Unlike other fabrics, Chanderi silk fibres do not go through a degumming process. They are not crafted to evade breakage and tear easily under high pressure. This is one of the reasons they are so light. It is often called 'woven air' for its breezy, soft texture.These days, the use of cost-effective raw materials spoils the natural beauty of the weave. One of the ways to identify a pure Chanderi saree is from its soft hues. This silk is usually dyed in pastel colours. The motifs are always handwoven and covered in copper dust. The machine weave tends to unwind with time and is not preferred. Original Chanderi can be differentiated from the fake by its glossy shine.
Keywords: Chanderi silk, Royals Silk sarees, Chanderi weave is a heritage.
Each year Diwali is celebrated on Krishna Paksha Chaturdashi, the 14th lunar day of the dark fortnight in the Tamil month of Aippasi. Ancient scriptures of India advise people to worship Yama, the deity of death on the days of Dhantrayodashi, Narak Chaturdashi and Yamadwitiya. People light an oil Diya or 13 oil diyas made of wet wheat flour in the evening. They are kept facing southwards just outside people's residences. These lamps which are traditionally dedicated to Lord Yama are known as Yama Deepam.
It is believed that placing a Yama Deep in the evening of Trayodashi of the dark fortnight of Kartik month prevents any untimely death in the family. The legend of Skanda Purana says that the lighting of Yama Deepams with faith and devotion by the devotees can get the lord to bless them with grace and long and healthy life. Yamadev, the lord of death himself gave assurance to his attendants that even though death is inevitable and cannot be avoided those who perform this Deepdan on Dhantrayodashi will not suffer an early death.
The ritual Yama tarpanam can also be performed early in the morning on Diwali day as a form of worshipping Yama.
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Story of Origin of Yamadeepadana
A 16-year-old son of King Hima was destined to die on the fourth day of his married life due to a snake bride. A girl agreed to marry the unlucky prince despite knowing his ill fate.
She wanted to save her husband; on the fourth day of their marriage, the young bride didn't allow her husband to sleep. She lit the palace with innumerable Deepas, and gathered all her ornaments, jewellery and coins, and placed them in a heap at the entrance. When Lord Yama, guise as a snake reached the palace, his eyes were blinded by the dazzle of deepas, preventing him from entering the room. He waited near the ornament and coins for the prince to approach them. He sat there all night listening to the songs and tales narrated by the young bride. Soon, the sun rose and Lord Yama had to return empty-handed. The wife had saved her husband from the mouth of the death. Since the day of Dhanteras was named Yamadeepdaan and this tradition was celebrated by burning lamps through the night dedicated to Lord Yama.
When Lord Yama, guise as a snake reached the palace, his eyes were blinded by the dazzle of deepas.Unsplash
Elements of Yamadeepadana
To perform the ritual of Yamadeepadan one requires sandalwood paste, turmeric, vermilion, flowers to offer to the god, consecrated rice in the ritualistic pattern. For achaman (purification ritual) a cooper platter, tumbler, and a spoon are required. The lamp is placed in a copper platter to be taken out of the house. Most importantly, you need to prepare 13 lamps made of kneaded wheat flour mixed with turmeric powder.
Significance of wheat flour lamps
On the day of Dhanteras, the Tama-dominant (negative) energy frequencies are active in a higher proportion which causes untimely death. The lamps made of wheat flowers neutralize these energies and protect you from any unfortunate death.
Why "13" lamps?
- 13 lamps are offered to the lord as the frequencies coming from Lord Yama stay only 13 moments of Hell. Hence, 13 Deepas are lit to appeal to the lord this is known as Yama-Tarpan.
- The number '13' has the power to impress Yama; therefore, on the day of Trayodashi, prayer is made to Yama by offering 13 lamps to escape from death.
- The period of death of an embodied soul is 13 days long, during this period a black covering of death occurs around the soul and slowly it succumbs, in the next 13 days the souls penetrate through subtle boundaries of time to go to other 'loka' from earth aka bhoo-Loka. Untimely death occurs by crossing over these 13 wheels of time. To avoid such untimely death in the subtle 13 wheels of time, 13 'Deep-Daan is performed.
Diwali is one of the most auspicious festivals celebrated in India with utmost dedication, happiness, enthusiasm, and passion by the people. By performing Yamatarpan, the sins of the entire year are cleansed.
Keywords: Diwali, Dhanteras, Lord Yama, prevent untimely death, Yamadeepadan, diyas ritual, wheat flour lamps