Sunday October 22, 2017
Home India Beat the Heat...

Beat the Heat! Top 12 Most Famous Varieties of Indian Mangoes

1
253
mangoes
Mangoes, Wikimedia
  • India has nearly 287 varieties of mangoes, we are familiar with nearly 30 varieties
  • Southern India offers delicious varieties like Neelam, Raspuri, Banganapalli, Totapuri and many more
  • Northern India has Chaunsas, Himsagar, Langra and Dasheri among others

June 12, 2017: Mango is the national fruit of India and it is called the “King of Fruits”. Indian summer is not just about the scorching sun season, it is the mango season too. India is the largest producer of mangoes and Indian mangoes are widely renowned for their taste, quality and flavor. Here’s a list of the top 12 most famous must-taste varieties of Indian Mangoes:

Langra, northern India: One of the most superior varieties of Mango from the Northern Indian sub-continent, Langra is a prominent and very popular variety of mango . Langra mangoes are originate from near Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

Langra
Langra, popular variety of mango from northern India. Wikimedia

Neelam, southern India: Usually found in abundance in June, these mangoes are grown in many areas of India. Neelam mangoes remain a favorite in Hyderabad. It is a very famous Indian variety mostly from the Southern parts of India.

neelam
Neelam, a popular variety of mangoes. Wikimedia

Himsagar, West Bengal and Orissa: Himsagar Mangoes are considered to be on of the specialties of West Bengal and Orissa. This variety is one of the top five mangoes in India that one should and must taste along with Ratnagiri Hapus, Banarasi Langra,Gir Kesar Banganapalli and more mentioned in this list.

Himsagar
Himsagar is mostly cultivated in Bengal and Orissa. Wikimedia

Banganapalli, Andhra Pradesh: Banganapalli, popularly known as Began Phali, is one of the most common types of mango that originated in the town of Banganapalle in Andhra Pradesh. These mangoes are large in size and weigh on an average 350-400 grams. These variety is regarded as The King of Mangoes in South India.

Banganapalli mango
Banganapalli mango. Wikimedia

Alphonso, Maharashtra: In terms of sweetness, flavor and richness, the Alphonso Mango is one of the best Varieties of Mango found in India. Also, these are the most expensive kind of mango available in India. This mangoes are mostly cultivated in western India. Ratnagiri, Raigad, and Konkan in the Maharashtra produce the best kind and most number of Alphonso mangoes.

Alphonso mangoes
Alphonso mangoes are popular for their sweetness and flavor. Wikimedia

Chaunsa, North India: Chaunsa is famous for being one the sweetest mangoes grown in North India. Mirpur Khas Sindh in Punjab of Pakistan is known as the place that produces th best kind of Chaunsa. These mangoes usually have medium oblong has a golden yellow color with a red blush.

chaunsa
Chaunsa mangoes. Wikimedia

Kesar, Saurashtra, Gujarat: Kesar Mangoes popular for their sweet taste are also simply called Gir Kesar because the largest number of Kesar mangoes are grown in the districts of Junagadh and Amreli in the foothills of Girnar.

kesar mangoes
Kesar mangoes are a specialty of Gujarat. Wikimedia

Totapuri, South India:Totapuri Mango is a famous kind of mango found primarily in the south Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. Totapuri is one of the most available kinds of mango.

Totapuri
Totapuri mangoes. Wikimedia

Mulgoba, Tamil Nadu: Mulgoba is one of the best kinds of mango. It is mostly grown in the state of Tamil Nadu and other parts of South India. Mulgoba is also called the “Alphonso of South India”.

Mulgoba mangoes
Mulgoba mangoes. Wikimedia

Dasheri, Malihabad, Uttar Pradesh: Dasheri is a delicious variety of mango which is basically cultivated in North parts of India. It is one of the most famous varieties of mango in north India. the largest producer of Dasheri in India is Malihabad in Uttar Pradesh of North India, along with other varieties of mangoes such as Chausa, Fazli, Lucknowa, Jauhari and Safeda.

Dasheri mangoes
Dasheri mangoes. Wikimedia

Badami, Karnataka: Badami mangoes grown mostly in Karnataka in Southern India. These are also called Alphonso of Karnataka state because the texture and taste are quite similar to Alphonso Mango from the region of Ratnagiri in Maharashtra.

Badami mangoes
Badami is a famous variety of mangoes from Karnataka. Wikimedia

Raspuri, Karnataka: Raspuri mangoes are oval shaped with excellent flavour and juicy texture.This is why these are widely considered as the Queen of Mangoes in India. These are also known known as  Karnataka.

Raspuri
Raspuri mangoes. Wikimedia

ALSO READ: 12 Animals we should be Glad are Extinct

Other notable mentions:

In India, there are around 283 types of mangoes, out of which only 30 are well-known, more or less. Here is the list of few more types of mangoes cultivated in India:

Imam Pasand: It is one of the lesser known types of mango. It is cultivated in south India, mostly in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu.

Amrapali: The Amrapali is a hybrid variety, created by crossing the Neelam and Dasheri varieties.

Gulaab Khaas: As suggest by its name, a Gulaab Khaas mango is reddish in appearance, and is known for its rosy flavour and aroma.

Pairi: Pairi is one of the varieties of mangoes that usually hits the market early in the season.

Alampur Baneshan: This Indian type of mangoes are usually medium in size and green or yellow in colour.

Malda: This kind of mangoes are grown mostly in West Bengal and Bihar and these are known for the delicious taste and flavour with thin skin.

So, now it’s up to you to decide which one you intend to taste first.

– by Durba Mandal of NewsGram. Twitter: @dubumerang

 

 

Next Story

Saffron cultivation in India

Saffron (Kesar) is cultivated in Kashmir

0
9671
Saffron cultivation
Wikimedia Commons

By Shruti Pandey

Saffron Cultivation In India: Facts & Healing Benefits

Since time immortal, India has been known as a land of spices. The profusion of spices found here has allured visitors across lands and waters, being the prime contributor to the trade and commerce of the country. One such indigenous spice is “saffron” which takes on many names such as Zafran, Kesar, Kang, Kang Posh etc. Kang Posh is the flower of Kesar that allegorizes freshness and purity. In the valley of flowers and the heaven of earth- Kashmir, blooms a special flower of Kesar that has its own appellation and utility.

India Ranks At 3rd Position In Saffron Production:

India ranks third as the largest producer behind Iran (accounts for 90% of total saffron production) and Spain.

What is Saffron “Kesar”:

Saffron/kesar is the dried stigmas (top part in the center of a flower that receives the pollen) of the flower Crocus Sativus Linnaeus. It belongs to the Iradaceae family.

Wikimedia Commons
Saffron/Kesar – Wikimedia Commons

 

Here Are 7 quick facts about this momentous spice “Saffron”:

  1. Although the accreted usage of saffron dates back to just 3-4 centuries but its presence can be felt in ancient Greece where an anecdote from Greek mythology cites the story of its advent. A handsome mortal Crocus fell in love with a nymph; Smilax and was later snubbed and got bewitched by her into a flower crocus from which saffron is obtained. While Egyptian legends suggest its usage by Cleopatra and other pharaohs for aromatic and seductive essence. Romans had a great affinity for saffron and it is speculated that Roman king Nero got his hall and streets sprinkled with saffron upon his arrival to the city.
  2. Geographically, Spain is believed to be the starting point for the start of cultivation of saffron but some historians claim its inception in Iran and they state saffron as the naturally growing flower in Iran. Spain used to be its largest cultivator till 1950s where plethora of land was put under cultivation, but with time farmers became reluctant in its production and indulged themselves in cotton production and Iran took on the position of the largest producer of saffron thereafter.
  3. The introduction of saffron to India is credited to Chinese via Persians. Chinese medical experts cite Kashmir as the land of saffron where the flower was offered to Buddha around 3rd century while Indian legends suggest its arrival with the hands of two Sufi wanderers Khwaja Massod Wali and Sheikh Sharif-u-din Wali. They both sought a refuge in India at the time of their illness and they gave away crocus bulb as a present.
  4. In India, around 5,707 hectares of land comes under saffron cultivation while majority of the produce is procured from the state of Jammu and Kashmir in which about 4,496 hectares of land comes under cultivation. In the Kashmir area, Pampore is famous worldwide for its high quality saffron and from the Jammu area, Kishtwar is highly regarded. Pampore produces around 2,128 kilograms of saffron per annum. (source: agropedia, IIT Kanpur)
  5. It is normally planted in the month of August and harvested in October and November along with the assurance that atmosphere around is not very hot. In order to ensure this, flower plucking is done in the morning time from sunrise to 10 AM. The flowers are then dried for 5 days and kept in airy container.
  6. Saffron is used in cuisines across India, Europe, Middle East, and Turkey. It is regarded as the metallic honey accounting for its yellowish-orange color and sweet taste. It is widely used in India for religious purposes and offerings to gods. While in the field of medicine, it is seen as a potential anti- depressant element.
  7. Rs 372 Crore National Saffron Mission scheme was launched by the Government of India in partnership with the state government in 2010. The cost was to be shared by the state and central governments. The four-year scheme targeted at the economic revival of Jammu and Kashmir’s saffron sector and to increase the productivity from 3 kgs per hectare to 5 kgs. But the outcomes have not been very pleasant and farmers have blamed the use of chemicals for the decrement in production.

 

Healing Benefits of Saffron

The benefits and medicinal properties of this highly priced spice “saffron”, make it a valuable culinary ingredient worldwide. Modern research suggests that saffron can be used as an aphrodisiac, diaphoretic [to cause sweating], carminative [ to prevent gas] and to bring on mensuration. Some other benefits are mentioned hereunder:

  1. Protects against cancer: Saffron contains a dark orange, water soluble carotene called crocin, which is responsible for much of saffron’s golden color. Crocin has been found to trigger apoptosis [ programmed cell death] in a number of different types of human cancer cells, leukemia, ovarian carcinoma, colon adenocarcinoma, and soft tissue sarcoma. Researchers in Mexico who have been studying saffron extract have discovered that saffron and its active components display an ability to inhibit human malignant cells. Not only does the spice inhibit cells that have become cancerous, but it has no such effect on normal cells and actually stimulates their formation and that of lymphocytes [immune cells that help destroy cancer cells].
  1. Promotes learning and memory retention: Recent studies have also demonstrated that saffron extract, specifically its crocin, is useful in the treatment of age related mental impairment. In Japan, saffron is encapsulated and used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, memory loss and inflammation.
  1. In delayed puberty: In under developed girls, saffron has an overall stimulant effect. A pinch of saffron crushed in a table spoon of milk is useful to stimulate hormones and bring about desired effect.
  1. To increase vitality: In low libido saffron aids as a sexual stimulant and can be consumed in a dose of a pinch in a glass of milk at bed time.
  1. In patchy baldness: Saffron mixed in liquorice and milk makes an effective topical application to induce hair growth in alopecia.
  1. Protection against cold: Saffron is a stimulant tonic and very effective to treat cold and fever; saffron mixed in milk and applied over the forehead quickly relieves cold.
  1. Food Additives: Saffron is an excellent replacement for synthetic food additives- for eg: instead of FD and C yellow no 5: a synthetic food coloring agent that is a very common allergy trigger, Saffron’s glorious yellow could be an acceptable hypoallergenic choice (source: NDTV).

Shruti pandey is pursuing b.tech from HBTI Kanpur and aspires to blemish the world withwords. Twitter: @srt_kaka