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UPES is among the top colleges of India in providing specialisation courses. Pixabay

A bachelor of technology degree has long been the chosen field of academic career for several students worldwide. This is mainly because of the varied professional paths that it has to offer. Adding a specialisation to a B. Tech course guarantees detailed knowledge and complete information in a particular field that a student might be interested in. Let us take a look at some of the specialised disciplines in engineering that you can pursue in India.

  • B. Tech Applied Petroleum Engineering This program is designed to develop technical competency among students to take up managerial roles in the field of exploration and production of hydrocarbons. Additionally, students will also get the opportunity to become proficient in the upstream engineering sector. It provides students with hands-on training of the applications of digital technologies on upstream that can allow them to take up roles as a data scientist and digital officers in the future.
  • B. Tech Chemical Engineering – This B. Tech course helps students gain an in-depth understanding of the best global practices in the fields of natural gas processing, transportation and utilisation techniques. Furthermore, students will also learn about the applications of specific upstream activities, including exploration, reservoir and production processes. After completing this degree, students can find employability in a variety of industrial sectors including, chemical, refining & Petrochemical Fertilizers and allied sectors, engineering, procurement and construction, research & development.
  • B. Tech Mechatronics Engineering – Through this program, graduates will practice mechatronics engineering in various areas of industrial and non-industrial automation. Additionally, they will pursue advanced and interdisciplinary learning modules and research courses in the domain of robotics, automation, and process control and mechatronics product design. Students will also gain expertise in the designing of real-time mechatronic systems, components and processes by applying their knowledge of mechanical, electrical, computer science and artificial intelligence. This will allow them to take on a professional career in technical, managerial and entrepreneurial role.

To develop industry focused engineers with expertise in the areas of oil and gas, energy, infrastructure, transportation, electronics, automotive design and aviation. Pixabay

  • B. Tech Electronics & Communication Engineering – This course will provide students with a good grounding on the designing and manufacturing aspects of electronic devices and components, integrated circuits, wireless devices. Furthermore, students will get hands-on training on their numerous applications in the industry, including the digital working of electronic circuitry. The career-oriented skills developed through this program enable students to become well-equipped engineers and analysts.
  • B. Tech Electrical Engineering – This B. Tech program is known to be the main core branch of engineering and professional engineering discipline that has a strong demand in the industry. With the industrial growth being skyrocketed, the demand for electrical engineers is increasing across all regions of the world. Electrical engineering graduates are typically hired by power generation, transmission, distribution, as well as service sector companies.

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If you are interested in land lucrative and out-of-the-box job roles, then applying for an innovative B. Tech course will help you achieve that. So, go ahead and explore all the options available to embark upon the specialised program that suits you the best.


Photo by Pixabay

Indian astronomers have found an active galaxy in a very bright state with 10 times more X-ray emission than normal

Indian astronomers have found an active galaxy in a very bright state with 10 times more X-ray emission than normal, equivalent to more than 10 trillion of the sun, and located five billion light years away that could help probe how particles behave under intense gravity and acceleration to the speed of light.

It could help study the role of strong gravity and acceleration of matter in the formation, interaction and evolution of galaxies in the early universe.

Every galaxy in the universe is believed to host a supermassive black hole at its centre. In some galaxies, the black hole is actively devouring a large amount of material and shooting a jet of plasma almost at the speed of light towards us. These are called blazars.

OJ 287 belongs to a class of blazars known as BL Lacertae objects which show very rapid and large amplitude flux variations but barely discernible emission line features.

This class of sources emit in the whole electromagnetic spectrum, a rather uncommon phenomenon which requires extreme physical conditions. Hence, a study of such sources tells us about the behaviour of matter in an extreme gravitational field where it is difficult for light to escape from the vicinity of the black hole.

Astronomers at Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences, an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India, have been monitoring one such black hole system named 'OJ 287' since 2015. This source shows a repeated optical brightness enhancement almost every 12 years.

"The repeated optical enhancement makes OJ 287 very intriguing as this class of sources does not show any repeating features in flux variations. The repeated optical enhancement made the researchers believe that the system hosts a binary black hole," said a release from the Ministry of Science and Technology.

In 2020, the source was very bright at optical and X-ray bands with X-ray flux more than 10 times the normal (non-active phase) flux. This flare was very different as it was not expected in models proposed for this source and thus, indicated a more complex system and physical conditions.

Investigating the extreme brightness shown by OJ 287 at optical and X-ray bands, astronomers led by Pankaj Kushwaha and Alok C. Gupta reported the source in a completely new spectral state.

The team argued that this change of state holds clues to the researcher's quest to understand how matter behaves in very strong gravity and how it accelerates the particle to almost the speed of light -- a feat that is out of the scope of even the most advanced CERN accelerator.

The research published in 'The Astrophysical Journal' tracked the details of changes in optical to the X-ray emission spectrum of the source with time from 2017 to 2020 -- after the second brightest X-ray flare of the source. It revealed how the source gradually started to change its spectral behaviour from mid-2018 to the new spectral state in 2020.

The study included data recorded by the ground-based facility operated by Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, operated Mount Abu observing facility in near infra-red bands and the space-based NASA's satellites -- the Niels Gherel Swift satellite at optical, UV and X-rays with gamma ray data from the Fermi satellite, the release added. (IANS/JB)

Keywords: Science, NASA, Satellites, Black Hole, Gravity, India

Photo by Flickr

Tospread awareness about the significance of reading, Rachna Kalra, who hails from Gurugram (Haryana), started the Silent Book Club in the year 2019.

Who doesn't like reading, and that, too, reading along the company of mother nature? Well, this book club is truly a fantasy turned to reality.

As said by a regular reader at the Silent Book Club, “There is something meditative about reading. Sitting quietly with a book, without any distractions, is almost spiritual for me," this exactly is the case with many such readers.

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Ninety-eight per cent of Indian travellers say they want to stay in a sustainable accommodation in the coming year.

A Travel Sustainable badge, provides highly coveted information to travellers all over the world looking to make more sustainable travel choices. has launched the Travel Sustainable Badge, a first of its kind in the industry, designed to be applicable to a wide range of property types, from apartments, B&Bs, and vacation homes to hotels, resorts, and even treehouses, and adaptable to local realities and considerations.

Ninety-eight per cent of Indian travellers say they want to stay in a sustainable accommodation in the coming year, and with more than 28 million listings on, the company sees a huge opportunity to highlight more of the impactful efforts its partners are making to create more sustainable experiences, making it easier for travellers to find a sustainable way to stay.

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With 88 percent of Indian travellers indicating that they would be more likely to choose a specific accommodation that implements sustainable practices, it rewards and encourages providers to take the next steps on their individual sustainability journeys.

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