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Transfusion medicine deals with the study of blood and its associated components as a part of R&D and treatment in the field of Hematology. Unlike many other medical procedures, transfusion is a multi-level process. After a person is screened for the ability to donate, his blood is tested for abnormalities and stored safely so that, it can be used by any patient depending upon his blood group and unit requirement. Since critical cases require multiple blood units at short notice, blood banks are set up to help patients at any given point of time.
Blood banks store different types of blood at regular intervals as they factor in the emergency requirement of their hospital or any nearby clinic. Each unit of the donated blood is divided into at least three parts: Plasma, Red Blood Cells (RBCs), and Platelets. These parts can be stored for up to one year, 42 days, and five days respectively.
People often hesitate to donate blood due to the common myth that their blood is not stored properly and hence, goes to waste. This is due to lack of information. Platelets are wasted in some of the cases, due to short storage life. However, RBCs are instrumental in saving countless lives during the period of storage. Besides, plasma is used to manufacture medicines that usually have to be imported in India. Such optimal utilization helps the hospitals to reduce the cost for patients themselves and enables them to handle critical cases easily.
Blood banks can effectively serve their purpose with the corresponding participation of young citizens. Dr Naveen Agnihotri, Sr. Consultant & HOD – Blood Bank & Transfusion Medicine Nayati Healthcare, states that due to minimal sensitization and lack of exposure, many people living in tier-2, tier-3 cities are not aware of how, when, or who can donate blood. And considering the rising number of accidents and critical medical cases in the country, citizens need to step forward, get their queries resolved, and contribute towards this noble cause.
Q) Who can donate blood?
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Anybody between the age group of 18 to 60 is eligible for donating blood. However, doctors perform specific medical checkups to identify if the individual is fit to donate blood. While height is not a major consideration in the process, the weight of the donor must be above 45 kg.
A person who is more than 60 years but less than 65 years of age, can also donate blood provided he/ she has donated at least once earlier.
Q) How much blood is extracted during a donation?
Every individual has average 3.5-5 liters of blood in the body out of which 350 to 450 ml is extracted based on his/her weight and fitness level. The volume of extracted blood is recovered within 24 hours.
Q) Is there any adverse effect on my health after donation?
No, there is no adverse effect on the donor’s health as the human body has a big reserve and a fast regeneration process. Doctors at Nayati Healthcare recommend the donors to consume good amount of fluids within 24 hours of the donation. Every donor has to wait for at least three months before donating blood again.
Benefits of blood donation
Apart from making the difference between the life and death of a patient, listed below are the other major benefits of blood donation:
- Awareness about one’s fitness
- Reveals hidden/prolonged medical conditions such as Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C that are usually not diagnosed in routine blood tests
- Blood rejuvenation, which enhances psychological satisfaction and happiness
- The feeling of helping another human being to live a healthy life boosts the donor’s morale
Key contributions by Nayati Healthcare
According to a 2017 survey conducted by the Government of India, Uttar Pradesh ranks the lowest in terms of blood collection and voluntary donation. To improve these conditions, Nayati Healthcare is the first hospital in Uttar Pradesh (outside Delhi NCR) to have a NABH accredited blood bank, which serves as a testament to its quality. Nayati Healthcare is also capable of performing transplant operations that require blood plasma exchange. Furthermore, Nayati’s Blood Bank regularly provides nearly 5 to 10 percent blood, including plasma and platelets to nearby clinics and charitable hospitals at discounted rates and without any requirement for donation by the relatives.
Also, Nayati Healthcare played a crucial role in saving the life of a patient at AIIMS, Jodhpur by transporting a unit of rare Bombay blood group to the hospital.
Due to Nayati Healthcare’s location near National Highway, the 24×7 blood bank is one of the most vital components in the treatment of trauma patients. According to a doctor at the hospital, nearly 70-80 units of blood are used in trauma cases every month. Apart from this, countless lives are saved in cases involving pregnancy emergencies, PPH or ruptured uterus is easily treated within the recommended time frame. In this way, Nayati Blood Bank is playing a crucial role in saving lives of road traffic accident victims, mothers and newborn babies in the region.
Nayati Blood Bank Department has started training doctors from June 2019 in the field of Transfusion Medicine by offering DNB degree (a degree equivalent to MD). Nayati is one of the 7 centers in the country to offer DNB in Transfusion Medicine, to cater to the shortage of trained manpower in the field.
As transfusion medicines continue to play an important role in the treatment of patients, hospitals such as Nayati Healthcare continue to increase the awareness about the noble deed of blood donation via regular outdoor donation camps, providing life-saving blood and treatment as well as increasing the trained manpower in the hinterland of the country.
Bollywood actor Abhishek Bachchan shares how he feels when people compare him with his father Amitabh Bachchan on the singing reality show 'Sa Re Ga Ma Pa'. He also requests contestant Rajshree Bag to sing a track 'Bahon Mein Chale Aao' featuring his mother Jaya Bachchan.
Abhishek said after looking at the performance of Rajshree, who is often compared with Lata Mangeshkar on the show, that she reminds him of being compared with his father. "Rajshree, whenever I have got the chance to watch the show, I've seen people compare you to Lata didi. It actually reminded me about how people compare me with my father and ask me how I feel about it."
According to him Amitabh Bachchan is a great actor in the industry and this is what he says to everyone making these comparisons. "My answer to them is that there's no greater actor in this film industry than Amitabh Bachchan and if I'm being compared to him, I am sure I must have done something good."
"Similarly, your voice has a different kind of magic like Lata ji and that's why people are comparing your voice with her. I feel you should always take this as a compliment," he concluded. 'Sa Re Ga Ma Pa' airs on Saturday and Sunday on Zee TV. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Abhishek Bachchan, Amitabh Bachchan, reality show, Sa Re Ga Ma Pa, Rajshree Bag
Winters in India have always beckoned for that hot, steaming bowl of tomato and pepper rasam or the mellow, millet based Raab. Certain dishes like sarson ka saag, undhiyu, nimona pulao are winter specialites in the country. Seasonal food has always been an Indian speciality -- we switch our choice in fruits, vegetables, sometimes even grains with the onset of different season. The preference of using specific ingredients during certain climates is visible in our sweets as well. It's common to find local and traditional delicacies made of jaggery, instead of sugar during the winters. Case in point -- the Nolen Gur Rasgulla, a speciality made in Odisha and West Bengal between November to February.
Celebrity chef, Sanjeev Kapoor, strongly advocates this need of eating seasonal produce. He says, "The beauty of our food is in our seasonal usage of fruits and vegetables. If you realise, Gajar ka halwa is made aplenty during winters as this is the season when beautiful red carrots hit the market or mango pickle is made during summer, thanks to its availability. Despite people and sometimes, even me, suggesting that we should eat fresh as well as seasonal fruits and vegetables, we do not know what chemicals are sprayed on them to keep them safe while they are growing. When this produce hits the market, there isn't a certifying agency like the FSSAI that will help people understand what vegetables and fruits are free of pesticides and germs and which ones don't. Hence, the onus lies on us to make them safe for consumption. ITC's Nimwash is a good solution."
When it comes to winters, the Chef recommends eating these fruit and vegetables:
* Purple Mogri -- Mogri or Radish pods are not a common sight throughout the country. But you can spot them during the winters in local markets in northern India where women pick them up to make raitas, curries and stir fries. Rich in magnesium, calcium and copper, the vegetable is known to aid people from digestive problems.
Mogri or Radish pods are not a common sight throughout the country, but you can spot them during the winters | Pixabay
* Sweet Potato -- A re-discovered favourite, Sweet potatoes have created a space for itself in the millennial kitchen. With its diverse addition in burgers, chips and even chat, the root vegetable is filled with nutrients such as fibres and vitamins.
Sweet potatoes have created a space for itself in the millennial kitchen. | Wikimedia Commons
* Avarekalu -- Called Hyacinth beans in English, Avarekalu is a winter speciality in the south that is added to sambhar, saagu, rotis, etc. Bangalore is famed for its Averakalu mela during the winter months, where you can find these beans in dosas, Pani puri and even Jalebis! Thronged by crowds from all over the city, the food fest is a gourmand's delight.
Called Hyacinth beans in English, Avarekalu is a winter speciality in the south that is added to sambhar, saagu, rotis, etc. | Wikimedia Commons
* Amla -- The Indian gooseberry is a common winter fruit found through the country. High in Vitamin C, it is known to be immunity building and extremely beneficial for the skin and hair. There are multiple ways to eat Amla -- it is pickled, made into a fruit preserve called as Murraba or even eaten by sprinkling salt over it.
The Indian gooseberry is a common winter fruit found through the country. | Pixabay
(Article originally published on IANSlife) (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: winter, Sanjeev Kapoor, chef, Indian gooseberry, Sweet Potato, Radish pods
Just three minutes of exposure to deep red light once a week, when delivered in the morning, can significantly improve declining eyesight, finds a new study. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, found there was, on average, a 17 per cent improvement in participants' colour contrast vision when exposed to three minutes of 670 nanometre (long wavelength) deep red light in the morning and the effects of this single exposure lasted for at least a week.
However, when the same test was conducted in the afternoon, no improvement was seen. "We demonstrate that one single exposure to long wave deep red light in the morning can significantly improve declining vision, which is a major health and wellbeing issue, affecting millions of people globally," said lead author, Glen Jeffery from the University College London.
Using a provided LED device, all participants were exposed to three minutes of 670nm deep red light in the morning between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m | Photo by Hush Naidoo Jade Photography on Unsplash
For the study, the team involved a small yet significant number of participants aged between 34 and 70, had no ocular disease, completed a questionnaire regarding eye health prior to testing, and had normal colour vision (cone function). This was assessed using a 'Chroma Test' -- identifying coloured letters that had very low contrast and appeared increasingly blurred, a process called colour contrast.
Using a provided LED device, all participants were exposed to three minutes of 670nm deep red light in the morning between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m. Their colour vision was then tested again three hours post exposure and 10 of the participants were also tested one week post exposure. On average there was a 'significant' 17 per cent improvement in colour vision, which lasted a week in tested participants; in some older participants, there was a 20 per cent improvement, also lasting a week.
A few months on from the first test (ensuring any positive effects of the deep red light had been 'washed out') few participants, carried out the same test in the afternoon, between 12 p.m. to 1 p.m. When participants then had their colour vision tested again, it showed zero improvement. (IANS/ MBI)
Keywords: Deep red light, therapy, eye sight, study,chroma test