To generate revenues, the transport ministry has offered its highways to be used for the laying of optic fibers, gas and oil pipes
Indian highway stretches 2 lakh kilometers in length
The revenue will be further used by transport ministry for improving the quality of roads
July 19, 2017: The Indian Highway, stretching 2 lakh kilometers in length, have been offered for the laying of optic fibers, oil and gas pipelines by the Transport Ministry.
The transport ministry hopes to generate more revenues with this decision. The revenue will be utilized for improving and maintaining the quality of roads.
Nitin Gadkari announced this decision on behalf of the ministry at INFOCOM 2017. The minister said, “For building and maintaining a competitive edge over the world, there is a need to leverage technology to get the maximum returns from assets.”
PTI also reports the announcement of computerized processes for driving license. Gadkari, speaking at INFOCOM 2017, said “The fitness of a person for issue driving license will be decided through a computer program with no human interference. This will greatly enhance safety on roads by ensuring that licenses are issued only to deserving drivers.”
The ministry’s initiative of e-tolling, implemented last year, has already made significant contributions to cut down traffic and congestion on Indian highways, observed Nitin Gadkari.
– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter: @Saksham2394
Haridwar, Sep 13, 2017: On a gray monsoon morning, Darshana Kapoor picks her way gingerly through the slush on the riverbank after taking a dip in the Ganges River in Haridwar town, one of the most revered spots for Hindus.
But the ritual bath that Hindus believe absolves a lifetime of sins was not an uplifting experience for her. “My faith brought me here, but when I see the garbage floating in the river, I felt so bad. I had to scrub myself,” she said.
She was not exaggerating. The Central Pollution Control Board has said that the water of the Ganges at Haridwar is not fit for bathing.
The murky condition of the mighty Ganges is a letdown for thousands of devotees who flock daily to the pilgrim town, some for a ritual dip, some to immerse the ashes of their loved ones or to take part in a colorful prayer ceremony held every evening to celebrate the Ganges, which devotees call “Maa” or mother.
These devotees were hoping to see results from a flagship $3 billion initiative launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to revive the river, particularly in Hinduism’s holiest towns such as Haridwar and Varanasi.
The pristine waters of the river as it gushes down the Himalayas have long turned into a toxic sludge due to garbage, untreated sewage and industrial waste dumped into it as it courses through booming pilgrim and industrial towns along the vast, populous plains of North India. It is a huge concern because the river is a water source for some 400 million people.
After his victory in 2014, Modi had acknowledged the failure of an expensive three-decade long effort to rejuvenate the Ganges, and vowed to succeed where his predecessors did not.
But three years after the Hindu nationalist leader’s pledge, the once-mighty river is still dying, say environmental activists.
India’s top environmental court, the National Green Tribunal, slammed the government in July, saying “the status of river Ganga has not improved in terms of quality and it continues to be a serious environmental issue.”
The court prohibited dumping waste within 500 meters of the river and said that no development should be allowed within 100 meters of the river as it flows along a 500-kilometer stretch from Haridwar to the town of Unnao.
That is crucial to revive not just the river, but also the banks or “ghats” in pilgrim towns where visitors throng.
However, in a country with abysmally poor enforcement, environmentalists point out court orders do not always translate into action on the ground.
“The basic problem in this country and this case also is compliance,” says M.C. Mehta, an environmentalist who has been leading a campaign to get rid of the pollution. “No monitoring mechanism is there, so it is very difficult to say how much directions have been complied with.”
The main challenge is the slow pace of setting up treatment plants – about three-quarters of the sewage generated in the towns and cities in the northern plains flows untreated into the Ganges.
Sewage treatment plants in Haridwar, for example, can only cope with half the sewage. New ones have been planned, but none have been built yet.
In fact, some fear the river is becoming dirtier as India’s growing population and economic boom has meant an ever growing influx into towns like Haridwar.
Ganesh Singh owns a shop at the famed “Har ki Pauri,” the most revered spot along the riverbank where people gather to attend the evening prayer, where the poor line up for free meals offered by devotees and where pavement sellers hawk flowers.
He said there have been efforts to educate the people about not dumping waste into the river. “Many polythene bags, bottles, garbage used to be thrown into the river earlier. It is better now,” he said, gazing at the river, happy that it helps draw in more tourists who bring more business.
However just a few meters down from his shop, piles of rubbish dumped along the riverbank are getting slowly washed into the water with the rain.
That is why Mehta remains skeptical and worries the political will for the gigantic task is missing. “I am not talking about this leadership – it is for the last 32 years the same thing is going on,” he said. “It should not be just lip service that we are the sons and daughters of mother Ganga, without doing something.”
In a signal that he is aware the Ganges cleanup is flagging, Modi this month handed charge of the campaign to a senior cabinet minister, Nitin Gadkari, who has a reputation for getting the job done.
Devotees and environmentalists are hoping that will happen. (VOA)
New Delhi, Sep 11, 2017: With a staggering 550 million Indians — close to half the population — living with uncorrected refractive errors, the major cause of road accidents, and 63 percent of the world’s population in need of vision correction, two major stakeholders have come together to address the issue in this country and globally.
“Poor vision plays a critical role in safe driving, but we know that much of that could be avoided. According to an analysis by Boston Consulting Group, 23 per cent of drivers have uncorrected vision, but in India that number is 46 per cent — the highest of any country in the world,” Jayanth Bhuvaraghan, Chief Mission Officer of French lensmaker Essilor International, told IANS during a visit here of the three-year partnership with the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA).
The “Action for Road Safety” partnership aims to create awareness on this global health issue and highlight the importance of regular eye checks for safe driving. The call to “Check Your Vision” will be commonly promoted towards local authorities, institutions, NGOs, eye care & medical professionals, driving schools and road users, among others, he added.
The figures for India are horrifying with some 138,000 people being killed in road accidents each year. Last week, Minister for Road Transport & Highways Nitin Gadkari released the annual publication, ‘Road Accidents in India – 2016’, which revealed that fatalities resulting from these accidents have risen by about 3.2 per cent.
According to the Home Ministry, there was a 17.6 per cent increase in road accident deaths from 2008 to 2012, and 50 per cent of those who died were aged between 15 and 34.
“Something must be changed,” exclaimed Kristan Gross, Global Executive Director of the Vision Impact Institute, which is funded by the Essilor Social Impact Fund.
Speaking about the initiative in India, Bhuvaraghan noted that access to optometric eye care is limited, as there are approximately seven doctors of optometry per 1 million people across India, well below the world average of 25/1M.
“But there is one other key barrier to corrected vision that we must still address: Acceptance. In India, stigmas exist around spectacle wear for all ages, but it is a tremendous issue for those in the professional driving industry.
“We have heard from many in this industry that wearing spectacles can be seen as a weakness or a visible defect. Therefore, many drivers are not wearing the correction they need, even when it is prescribed. Drivers were fearful of not being hired if they are thought to be defective,” he added.
To this end, The Vision Impact Institute is working to break down these stigmas through education, utilising the personal testimonies of other drivers for which vision correction and eye protection have been a benefit rather than a drawback, Gross explained.
A Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) interim report on ‘Assessment of Visual Limitations of Commercial Drivers in Metropolitan Cities in India’ focusses on commercial drivers in Delhi. The study was in association with the Vision Impact Institute. The sample size of the survey was 627 drivers and the study was conducted during August 8-14, 2017. Seventy per cent of those surveyed were light motor vehicle drivers, 24 per cent were heavy motor vehicle drivers, four per cent were private bus drivers while one per cent were government bus drivers.
According to the preliminary findings:
* One in every three drivers had either marginal or poor Far Visual Acuity (distance vision)
* Half the drivers surveyed had either marginal or poor Near Visual Acuity (near vision)
* Overall 29 per cent drivers, mostly among the older age group, with marginal and unacceptable stereopsis (depth perception) problems were more likely to be involved in accidents
* Overall 34 per cent drivers were found glare blind (56-60 per cent of the younger group of drivers had glare-related problems, 29-44 per cent of the older group of drivers had glare-related problems)
As for FIA, with its 245 member-clubs, representing over 80 million road users in 144 countries worldwide and its strong showcase in motor sport (F1, WEC, WTCC, WRC, World RX, ERC, Formula E et al), it “is a major global voice in the automotive world and is strongly committed to raising awareness and taking action on this global issue”, Bhuvaraghan concluded. (IANS)
There are two ways of managing traffic and congestion- traffic signals or roundabouts
South Carolina’s Clemson University professor and researcher Abdul Reza Fayazi thinks that automation vehicles can help provide an alternative
As we shall see, human volunteering is an important part of the solution
July 21, 2017: Needless to say that for many people, traffic signals can be an irritating part of the daily commute. With numerous cars on the road and the sad condition of the quality of roads, traffic and congestion are common to many places in India, particularly Bangalore, Delhi, and Mumbai.
Traffic signals are sometimes substituted by roundabouts. While the United Kingdom has decided to substitute their roundabouts for signals, the United States has opted to do the opposite. However, roundabouts are only suitable for low volume traffic.
A researcher and professor at Clemson University in South Carolina, Abdul Reza Fayazi believes that traffic signals could be eliminated, but it would require automated vehicles.
The self-driven vehicle, which works on a Global Positioning System (GPS), will receive data on all vehicles directly from the server. Then, an optimal speed will be calculated by the system that will indicate that speed to the vehicle. This speed, if adhered to, will keep traffic smoothly running.
The problem with the above substitute is the lack of automated vehicles. Self-driven cars on the roads is still a long dream. A remarkable lesson learnt from Coimbatore’s ‘Green Corridor’ initiative (which involved cars moving at speed of 45 km/hr and signals arranged in a way that no car has to stop) is that signal free corridor is a possibility.
The benefits that popular cab applications Ola and Uber reap from their servers is that they get an optimum speed told to them, which helps them keep the car running smooth on the roads.
If humans adhere to the optimal speeds, the traffic situation will drastically improve in the country.
– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter @Saksham2394