Monday December 16, 2019

Tweets Indicate Nicotine Addiction, Withdrawal Symptoms of JUUL Users

Many news stories have reported that people are using JUUL and experiencing what sound like acute effects of nicotine exposure and symptoms

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Tweets, JUUL, Addiction
The study, published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, reveals that one out of every five tweets mentioning JUUL identified for the analysis also referenced addiction-related themes. Pixabay

As e-cigarette brand JUUL continues to climb in popularity among users of all ages, researchers took a unique approach to analysing its impact by using Twitter to investigate any mention of nicotine effects, symptoms of dependence and withdrawal in regards to its use.

The study, published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, reveals that one out of every five tweets mentioning JUUL identified for the analysis also referenced addiction-related themes.

“Many news stories have reported that people are using JUUL and experiencing what sound like acute effects of nicotine exposure and symptoms of dependence,” said study lead author Jaime Sidani from University of Pittsburgh.

“We turned to Twitter to gather real-time data on what people are sharing about their JUUL use,” Sidani said.

Tweets, JUUL, Addiction
As e-cigarette brand JUUL continues to climb in popularity among users of all ages, researchers took a unique approach to analysing its impact by using Twitter to investigate any mention. Pixabay

To complete the study, the research team created search filters within Twitter’s Filtered Streams interface to collect data on all available tweets matching the terms “juul,” “juuls” and “juuling,” as well as their hashtag equivalents between April 11, 2018, and June 16, 2018.

After additional narrowing of search results by implementing specific keywords, excluding commercial content and ensuring the tweets were in first-person context, a final data set of 1,986 tweets remained for final analysis by two independent coders.

Of these tweets, 21.1 per cent were coded as being related to dependence (335 tweets), nicotine effects (189 tweets), quitting JUUL or withdrawal or both (42 tweets).

According to the researchers, these findings are not surprising when considering the powerful dose of nicotine that JUUL provides.

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In addition, JUUL uses a nicotine salt formula, which is designed to increase the rate of absorption and create a more palatable vapor, making JUUL a more appealing option compared to other modes of nicotine delivery. (IANS)

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Twitter to Bring Back its ‘Election Labels’ Feature for 2020 US Elections

"You'll start seeing Labels appear on applicable candidates' Twitter accounts once the candidate has qualified for the general election ballot. This will happen on a rolling basis as states have different caucus and election dates, with the first occurring on March 3," said the company

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TWitter
The logo for Twitter is displayed above a trading post on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. vOA

Twitter has announced to bring back its “Election Labels” feature for the 2020 US presidential election that received overwhelmingly positive feedback from voters and candidates and played a prominent role in election conversation in the 2018 US midterm election.

In the week before election day, people on Twitter saw Labeled accounts approximately 100 million times each day, and 13 per cent of US election conversation on Twitter included a Tweet with an ‘Election Label’.

“With just under a year until US Election Day and two months until the first votes are cast in the Iowa caucus, we’re launching two initiatives that will help people find original sources of information on Twitter by clearly identifying political candidates,” Twitter said in a statement on Thursday.

“First, we’re bringing back Election Labels, which we first launched during the 2018 US midterm election.

“Second, starting this week, we’ll start identifying candidates who qualify for the primary ballot for US House, US Senate, and Gubernatorial races with a verified badge,” the micro-blogging platform added.

twitter, white swan, suicide, awareness
Twitter is a social media app that encourages short tweets and brief conversations. Pixabay

For both primary candidate verification and Election Labels, Twitter is partnering with civic non-profit organization Ballotpedia to utilize their expertise in identifying the official campaign Twitter accounts of candidates.

Election Labels provide information about political candidates, like the office they are running for, their state and district number, and contain a small ballot box icon.

The Label will appear on the profile page of a candidate’s Twitter account and on every Tweet sent and retweeted by the candidate’s account, even when embedded on sites off of Twitter.

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Labels will appear on the Twitter accounts of candidates running for the House of Representatives, Senate, or Governor in the 2020 election who have qualified for the general election ballot.

“You’ll start seeing Labels appear on applicable candidates’ Twitter accounts once the candidate has qualified for the general election ballot. This will happen on a rolling basis as states have different caucus and election dates, with the first occurring on March 3,” said the company. (IANS)