- The 50-member panel of judges that awards the Nobel Prize will dismiss two of its judges
- Karolinska Institute had allegations of scientific misconduct towards the stem-cell scientist Dr. Paolo Macchiarini
- Macchiarini has been accused of in cases of false conduct too
Varanasi, November 4, 2017 : Tamil Superstar Kamal Haasan’s remark on ‘saffron terror’ landed him in the middle of a controversy. In his weekly column in the Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan, the actor asserted that the right wing cannot deny the influence of ‘extremist elements’ in its cadre.
His statement not only sought him backlash from the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), but also fetched him a court case for ‘hurting’ religious sentiments.
Moved by lawyer Kamlesh Chandra Tripathi, a court in Varanasi will today hear a plea against Kamal Haasan, against his comment.
What is the Kamal Haasan Controversy All About?
Through his column in the Tamil weekly magazine, Kamal Haasan wrote that, “Extremism has spread into their (right wing) camp as well.”
He further elaborated his belief on Hindu extremism and wrote “Hindus are losing faith in ‘satyameva jayate’ and instead subscribing to ‘might is right’,” which earned him the wrath of staunch Hindu supporters.
Kamal Haasan’s controversial comment came in response to Kerala CM Pinari Vijayan’s question, who sought the actor’s opinion on the underlying communalism seeking to destroy the tradition of peaceful co-existence apparent in the Tamil Dravidian society.
The Kamal Haasan controversy also coincides with the superstar’s entry into politics.
Reactions to Kamal Haasan’s Comment
The BJP was quick to react to Kamal Haasan’s comment and called him a “wannabe MGR”, signaling to his attempt to be like the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu and AIADMK party founder MG Ramachandran.
RSS partisan Rakesh Sinha also took to Twitter and demanded Kamal Haasan to render an apology.
Anti Hindu remark by @ikamalhaasan is not the beginning but end of his public image/political career before it could even start!!
— Prof Rakesh Sinha (@RakeshSinha01) November 3, 2017
Colleagues from the film industry Khushbu Sundar and Prakash Raj however seemed to be in agreement with Kamal Haasan’s comment.
Lynching,abusing,killing,threatening,harassing in the name of religion is a terror..Any religion..We see this now..N this needs 2 be stopped
— khushbusundar (@khushsundar) November 3, 2017
The actress applauded fellow actor Prakash Raj for voicing his opinion on the issue.
— Prakash Raj (@prakashraaj) November 3, 2017
Case Against Kamal Haasan
Following his comment on ‘Hindu terror’, a case has been filed against Kamal Haasan in a Varanasi court.
The complaint has been registered under several sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) in appropriation to defamation and attempt to cause offence. Additionally, the case has also been registered as an attempt to hurt religious sentiments and incite communal disharmony.
Kamal Haasan’s comment comes right before he is preparing to kick start his political career.
To start his political career, #KamalHaasan too is resorting to Hindu bashing and Muslim appeasement. Will fall flat.
— Dr. Munish Raizada (@DrMunishRaizada) November 2, 2017
Kamal Haasan has been contemplating launching his own political party, and has been vocal about the same.
The Tamil superstar had previously met Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal in September this year and discussed his views on recruitment of “young, fresh faces” for the new party.
Furthermore, he had asked his fans to be ready for a “big announcement” on his birthday, November 7.
New Delhi, August 14, 2017: Be it for Competitive Exams, or simply General Knowledge, it’s always good to let your brain know things that matter. Awards, indeed are recognition given to people for their achievements, accomplishments, or contributions in a particular field, therefore it becomes important to know which award holds what purpose, when was it instituted, and when is it given. Here we have compiled a list of all important awards, saving you a part of your time that you would have otherwise wasted sweeping through webpages, searching for the awards one by one.
A must read article : Eight Kannada authors who have won ‘Jnanpith Award’
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
1. Nobel Prize: The most coveted international award was named after Alfred Bernard Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. The award is given every year on December 10th, which marks the death anniversary of Alfred Bernard Nobel. The Nobel Prize is given to those renowned persons who have made pioneering achievements in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Peace, Literature, and Economics. Awards for all categories have been given since 1901, except Economics which was instituted in 1967 and first given in 1969.
2. Magsaysay Awards: Named after the former president of Philippines, Ramon Magasaysay, this award was Instituted in 1957. The award is presented every year on August 31, for excellent contributions in journalism, literature, arts, international understanding, community leadership and public service. It is also regarded as the Nobel prize of Asia.
3. Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding: The Government of India Instituted this award in in 1965 to honor the work of persons for outstanding contributions to goodwill and international understanding among people around the world.
4. Oscar Awards: The most prestigious award in the world of cinema was instituted in 1929. The Academy of Motion Pictures in USA confers the award annually. Bhanu Athaiya was the first Indian to get an Oscar for his movie ‘Gandhi’, while Satyajit Ray, the first Indian to be awarded with an Oscar for lifetime achievements in Cinema in 1992.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
5. UNESCO Peace Prize: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) presents this award for remarkable contributions for international peace.
6. Pulitzer Prize: Instituted in 1997, this award is conferred annually in the USA, for extraordinary accomplishments in journalism, music and literature. The award is named after the US publisher, Joseph Pulitzer.
7. Right Livelihood Award: Instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London, also known as alternate Nobel Award, is given to persons for contributing in the areas of environment and social justice.
8. Mahatma Gandhi Peace Prize: Instituted in 1995 by Government of India, following the lines of Nobel prize, It is presented for contributions in maintaining or promoting international peace.
9. UNESCO Human Rights Award: Another award presented by UNESCO every alternate year, for work in the field of Human Rights and its awareness.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
10. Man Booker Prize: Man Booker makes for the highest literary honor to authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries. It was instituted in 1968 by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association following the lines of Pulitzer Prize of US.
11. UN Human Rights Award: This award is presented every sixth year by UN for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.
12. World Food Prize: The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) presents the award for contributions in the field of agriculture and food development.
13. Indira Gandhi Award For International Peace, Disarmament and Development: This award is presented by Indira Gandhi Memorial Fund in India for specialized contribution in the field of international disarmament and development.
14. Bharat Ratna: Bharat Ratna or the highest civilian award of India is presented by the Government of India for rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science, and extraordinary public service. It was instituted in 1954, with C. Rajagopalchari as its first recipient.
15. Padma Vibhushan: The second highest civilian award, coming right after Padma Vibhushan is presented for distinguished services in any field including Government service. The other important civilian awards include, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
16. Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Awards: Instituted in 1965, these awards are given to scholars for their distinguished works in any of the recognized languages.
17. Sahitya Akademy Awards: Instituted in 1955, these awards are presented to writers for any exclusive writing in any of the 22 languages including English literature.
18. Saraswati Samman: Instituted in 1991 by the K.K. Birla Foundation, the honor is given for any distinguished literary work made during last 10 years in any of the Indian language.
19. Vyas Samman: Instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation, the honor is given to people for outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.
20. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards: They are presented to the Indian scientists for their exceptionally brilliant performance.
LIST OF ALL IMPORTANT AWARDS
21. R.D. Birla Award: This award is given in the field of medical sciences.
22. Dhanvantri Award: These awards are given for exceptional performance in medical sciences.
23. Arjuna Awards: The prestigious Arjuna awards, instituted in 1961, are presented by the Youth affairs and Sports Ministry, Government of India, for achievements of players in National Sports.
24. Dronacharya Awards: Instituted in 1985, the award is given by the Sports Ministry, government of India, for excellent coaching in sports and games. It is named after Drona, also known as guru Dronacharya, a character from the Sanskrit epic Mahabharata.
25. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna: It is the highest sporting honor of India, awarded for excellent performance in sports and games. The award is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former prime minister of India. It was instituted in 1992.
26. Gallantry Awards
* Param Vir Chakra: It is the highest award for bravery in India, awarded for displaying valor during wartime.
* Mahavir Chakra: It is the second highest gallantry award after Param Vir Chakra, awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy.
* Vir Chakra: It is the third highest gallantry award, presented for exhibiting bravery in the battlefield.
* Ashok Chakra: It is the highest peace-time gallantry award, presented for courageous action away from the battlefield.
-prepared by Samiksha Goel of NewsGram. Twitter @goel_Samiksha
- Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Bihar in the year 1873
- He grew up specializing in medicine and surgery
- The doctor is said to have saved millions of lives through curing a viral disease called Kala-Azar
August 22, 2017: A renowned and prominent name in the hall of fame list of Indian scientists is Upendranath Brahmachari who was famous in the field of medicine.
Dr. Brahmachari’s most important work during his lifetime was his discovery of Urea Stibamine, a treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar.
BACKGROUND: Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari was born in Jamalpur, Bihar on 19th December 1873. At the time, Bihar and Assam were in shambolic states. But Dr. Brahmachari had a fairly secure growing up phase. His father, Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari, was a famous medical practitioner in the Indian as well as European communities. Dr. Nilmony Brahmachari worked as a physician in East Indian Railways.
Dr. Upendranath did his schooling from Eastern Railway’s Boys High School. He loved math and had excellent academic records. The young genius went on to obtain a Bachelor’s degree with honors in chemistry and mathematics in 1893 from Hooghly Mohsin College. Further, Brahmachari did polymath. He got a Master’s degree in medicine from Kolkata’s Presidency College. His Ph.D. was a thesis on ‘Haemolysis’ which he earned in 1904.
CAREER: Upendranath Brahmachari began his career as a doctor in Kolkata under Sir Gerald Bomford. Impressed by the talent, in 1901 Sir Bomford offered Brahmachari, who was 27 at the time, to teach physiology in Dacca Medical School.
Later in 1905, Brahmachari was appointed as a teacher in medicine and physician at Kolkata’s Campbell Medical School. This is where Dr. Brahmachari made some of his remarkable and outstanding discoveries, most notably, the discovery of Urea Stibamine.
This discovery was to become a significant treatment for the fatal disease called Kala-Azar. Kala-Azar is a disease strictly limited to the Mediterranean as well as South Asian nations. Sand flies are known to transmit this disease. Various characteristics broadly include irregular fever, anemia, and enlarged liver and spleen. Kala-Azar was known as the second largest parasitic killer of the world, followed by Malaria.
A treatment for Kala-Azar existed at the time but it was not helping the rapid death rates due to the disease. Dr. Brahmachari had been devoting his time to finding a treatment that had little to no disadvantages but could not come up with anything.
In 1919, his breakthrough came knocking at the door. The Indian Research Fund Association had granted resources to Brahmachari for conducting more in-depth research for the treatment of the disease. With this help, in his Campbell Medical School lab, the Doctor discovered Urea Stibamine.
Kala-Azar today is a rare disease only present in a handful of remote places. Especially in Assam where the disease thrived, many lives were saved.
Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari instantly became a popular figure in the Indian science academia. His discovery was now successfully incorporated into the growing scientific knowledge in medicine. His masterpiece “Treatise on Kala-Azar” became an essential reference reading in medicine. Moreover, his other works include treatment of malaria, dermal leishmaniasis, quartan fever, blackwater fever, and more.
Brahmachari retired in 1927 but continued to participate in Kolkata’s cultural and humanitarian activities. He stayed connected to all literary and scientific organizations in Kolkata.
Achievements: The World’s Second Blood Bank which was formed in Kolkata was driven by the efforts of Dr. Brahmachari. He was also the Head of Department for Biochemistry in Kolkata’s University College of Science, where he was also the Honorary Professor of Biochemistry.
The Asiatic Society of Bengal awarded Upendranath Brahmachari with ‘Sir William Jones Medal’. He was also awarded the Griffith Memorial Prize by the University of Kolkata. The Kolkata School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene awarded the Doctor a Minto Medal.
He became the first Indian to be elected as the chairman of Managing body of Kolkata Branch of the Indian Red Cross Society.
For his numerous contributions to science, he was awarded the title of Rai Bahadur in 1924. The same year, Brahmachari was also awarded the Kaiser-i-Hind gold medal.
In the year 1929, the famous scientist was honored with being nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine and almost won India the first Nobel Prize in the category, however, it was won by Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins and Christiaan Eijkman for their detailed work on vitamins. Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.
Brahmachari was also conferred a knighthood by the British Government in 1934.
Dr. Upendranath Brahmachari’s name comes along with Satyendra Nath Bose as two main figures during the Bengal Rennaissance.
Death: On 6th February 1946, Brahmachari passed away aged 72. For his contributions to the Kolkata society’s well-being, the Kolkata Municipal Corporation changed the name of Loudon street to D.R UN Brahmachari Street.
– Prepared by Saksham Narula of NewsGram. Twitter @Saksham2394