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Britannica/wikipedia

American inventor Christopher Latham Sholes was inspired to build the first functional typewriter.

World Typing Day is observed every year on January 8th to honour this written mode of communication that insures speed, precision, and efficiency. Typists can also compete in typing contests on this day.

Any of several machines for writing characters similar to those produced by printers' types, particularly one in which the characters are produced by steel types striking the paper through an inked ribbon, with the types being actuated by corresponding keys on a keyboard and the paper being held by a platen that moves along with the carriage when a key is struck.


The Typewriter's History

Various types of machines were attempted to be invented in the nineteenth century. The majority were huge and unwieldy, with some having the size and form of pianos. All of them took a lot longer to use than handwriting. Finally, in 1867, American inventor Christopher Latham Sholes was inspired to build the first functional typewriter after reading an article in the journal Scientific American about a new British-invented machine

On June 23, 1868, he patented his second model, which wrote at a rate significantly faster than a pen. Sholes made several modifications to the machine over the following few years, and in 1873 he obtained a contract for manufacturing with E. Remington and Sons, gunsmiths, of Ilion, New York.

Old Typewriter The first typewriters were introduced, and the machine was quickly christened the Remington.Dictionary.com/wikipedia

In 1874, the first typewriters were introduced, and the machine was quickly christened the Remington. The cylinder, with its line-spacing and carriage-return mechanisms; the escapement, which causes letter spacing by carriage movement; the arrangement of the typebars so that they strike the paper at a common centre; the actuation of the typebars by key levers and connecting wires; printing through an inked ribbon; and the positions of the different characters on the keyboa were among the original features that were still standard in machines built a century later. Mark Twain bought a Remington rifle and was the first author to submit a typewritten manuscript.

The initial typewriter did not have a shift-key mechanism, therefore it could only type capital letters. The challenge of printing both capitals and tiny characters without increasing the number of keys was solved by combining two types of the same letter, a capital and lowercase of the same letter, on each bar, with a cylinder-shifting mechanism.

The Remington Model 2 was the first shift-key typewriter to hit the market in 1878. Soon after, the so-called double-keyboard computers debuted, which had twice as many keys—one for each character, capital or tiny letter. For many years, the double keyboard and shift-key machines battled for popularity, but the invention of the so-called touch typing method, which required the tiny keyboard of the shift-key machines, settled the contest.

Another early debate was over the relative virtues of the typebar against the type wheel, which were initially used in cylinder machines in the 1880s and later. The type faces are mounted on a circle or segment in modern machines of this sort, and the operation of the keys brings each type to the right printing position, with the imprint of type on paper being generated by a trigger action.

The simplicity with which the type segments may be replaced on type-wheel machines gives them an edge in terms of machine range and adaptability.

Almost all typewriters print using an inked ribbon mounted on spools that moves with the machine's action and reverses automatically after one spool becomes totally unwound. An inking pad is utilised on other machines, with the type touching the pad prior to printing.

Typewriters with no noiseThe noiseless linkage is a variant of the traditional typebar linkage that causes the typebar to touch the platen at a reduced velocity while maintaining the same momentum. The noiseless typewriter, while quieter than a traditional typewriter, cannot create as fine an impression or as many carbon copies.By pressing the appropriate key, the typist begins the key stroke, carriage motion, and other controls.

Modern Typewriter By pressing the appropriate key, the typist begins the key stroke, carriage motion, and other controls.Wikipedia

Electricity Typewriters

The introduction of the electric typewriter, which is essentially a mechanical typewriter with an electric-motor drive for the typing stroke, was a significant advancement in the typewriter sector. By pressing the appropriate key, the typist begins the key stroke, carriage motion, and other controls.

The appropriate linkage clinging to a continually revolving driving shaft performs the actuation. Lighter touch, faster and more consistent typing, more legible and many carbon copies, and reduced operator fatigue are all advantages of this method. Electric typewriters are made by all major typewriter manufacturers and are particularly useful as an office equipment capable of a large volume of production.

Thomas A. Edison produced the first electrically controlled typewriter, which consisted of a printing wheel, in 1872, and eventually evolved into the ticker-tape printer. James Smathers invented the electric typewriter as an office writing machine in 1920.


The International Business Machines Corporation created the first commercially successful typewriter based on a spherical type-carrier architecture in 1961. As the appropriate character or symbol is selected, the sphere-shaped typing element glides over the page, tilting and spinning. A moving paper carriage is not required because the element moves from left to right.

Also read: Typewriters have been replaced by high tech printers

Portable Typewriters

The first portable computers were sluggish, clumsy type-wheel devices from the late 1800s. The first successful portables hit the market in 1909. By the 1950s, almost every typewriter manufacturer had made a portable typewriter; they were all typebar devices that worked similarly to office machines. Portables are more compact but less durable than normal variants because they use lighter parts. Portable typewriters with electrical operation were first introduced in 1956.

HISTORY OF WORLD TYPING DAY

The first World Typing Day was held in Malaysia in 2011. The Malaysian Speed Typing Contest, which took place in 2011, is commemorated on this day. Two typing records in the Malaysian Book of Records were broken during the competition (MBR). The day is co-organized by the Junior Chamber International (JCI) Speed Typing Contest Team and Team Typo Auto Corrector.

(keywords: HISTORY OF WORLD TYPING DAY, WORLD TYPING DAY, Portable Typewriters, Electricity Typewriters, January 8)


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