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After Failed Hanoi Summit, U.S. Imposes First North Korea-Linked Sanctions

Trump and Kim have held two summits — the first in Singapore last June and the second in Hanoi this February. Trump has not ruled out a third such meeting.

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South Korea
Protesters march toward the U.S. Embassy during a rally supporting the U.S. policy to put steady pressure on North Korea, in Seoul, South Korea, Nov. 3, 2018. VOA

With negotiations at an impasse, Washington has imposed additional sanctions on those assisting Pyongyang — the first such action since February’s failed summit in Hanoi between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

“This is not really about intensification of pressure,” a senior U.S. administration official said. “This is about maintaining pressure as defined by the international community.”

FILE - In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo, U.S. President Donald Trump, accompanied by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, speaks at a news conference in Hanoi, following talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Trump said he walked away from his second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un because Kim demanded the U.S. lift all of its sanctions.
In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo, U.S. President Donald Trump, accompanied by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, speaks at a news conference in Hanoi, following talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Trump said he walked away from his second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un because Kim demanded the U.S. lift all of its sanctions. VOA

Thursday’s sanctions by the U.S. Treasury Department on two China-based shipping companies were the latest evidence of some “leakage” in the enforcement of sanctions by Beijing, but U.S. officials said that overall, China was abiding by the U.N. resolutions slapped on North Korea for its nuclear weapon and ballistic missile programs.

Washington wants Pyongyang to surrender its entire nuclear arsenal and other mass-destruction weapons before being granted any relief from sanctions. The North Koreans insist on sanctions relief before halting production of fissile materials.

“Insisting on unilateral North Korean disarmament upfront is pushing on the wrong door. We should be pushing to first slow the program, then cap it, and ultimately keep rollback and disarmament the long-term goal,” said Vipin Narang, associate professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “But every month that passes without a grand deal is one in which North Korea’s nuclear program continues to grow larger — increasing the risk of its own use and proliferation to other countries — and the chances of a deal grow smaller.”

 

FILE - In this undated image from video distributed Jan. 1, 2019, by North Korean broadcaster KRT, leader Kim Jong Un delivers a speech in North Korea.
In this undated image from video distributed Jan. 1, 2019, by North Korean broadcaster KRT, leader Kim Jong Un delivers a speech in North Korea. VOA

Analysts also worry Kim could grow impatient, turn away from diplomacy with Trump and look to China to provide sanctions relief that North Korea desperately needs.

“I’m not sure we can be confident that Beijing will uphold enforcement after Trump so abruptly walked away from negotiations with North Korea,” said Jean Lee, who directs the center for Korean history and public policy at the Wilson Center, a global policy research group in Washington. “I do hope North Korea sticks to negotiation and does not resort to provocation. If Pyongyang doesn’t get the response it craves and needs from Washington, North Korea may turn back to a tried and tested strategy: to get Trump, and the world’s attention, with another illicit missile launch or test.”

U.S. officials on Thursday, speaking to reporters on condition of not being named, expressed patience and confidence with their stance toward North Korea.

Patience

“What they’re facing now is unprecedented,” said one U.S. official of the sanctions on North Korea. “We’ll give it some time.”

Lee, currently in Seoul, told VOA she found it “interesting that we’re back to a form of strategic patience. There was high hope, especially here in Seoul, that Trump’s impatience and unpredictability would lead to fast movement on North Korea. But the Trump administration is finding that it’s much tougher than the president may have thought of simply bullying Kim into acquiescence.”

A prolonged lull in talks “could become risky, and maintaining maximalist positions will not be sustainable,” said Duyeon Kim, an adjunct senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, a national security research group in Washington.

FILE - In this Dec. 21, 2018, photo, a North Korean woman walks outside Bugsae Shop, also known as the "Singapore Shop," in Pyongyang. Business is booming at such shops, which sell everything from Ukrainian vodka to brand-name knock-offs from China. The stores stock many of the very things U.N. sanctions banning trade in luxury goods are intended to block.
In this Dec. 21, 2018, photo, a North Korean woman walks outside Bugsae Shop, also known as the “Singapore Shop,” in Pyongyang. Business is booming at such shops, which sell everything from Ukrainian vodka to brand-name knock-offs from China. The stores stock many of the very things U.N. sanctions banning trade in luxury goods are intended to block. VOA

“They need to negotiate a denuclearization-peace road map soon and preferably an interim agreement on fissile materials. Rapid and complete denuclearization is not realistic. Denuclearization will have to occur in stages but in accordance with an agreed road map on how this all ends,” Kim told VOA.

The current primary point of pressure on Pyongyang by the international community is on entities, including their ships, involved with illicitly exporting North Korean goods, such as coal, and taking products — especially petroleum — into the impoverished country in violation of U.N. sanctions.

Unless North Korea denuclearizes, “we’re going to maintain that pressure,” a senior U.S official said.

Daily monitoring

A coalition of countries — using their vessels, aircraft and classified intelligence means — are daily watching the movement of ships involved in the illegal trade.

North Korea and those helping it are trying to obscure identities of ships and cargo by disabling or manipulating systems that identify the vessels for safety and navigation, physically altering vessel identifications and making ship-to-ship transfers to avoid ports, according to a sanctions advisory jointly issued Thursday by the U.S. Treasury and State departments and the Coast Guard.

Neither the United States nor any other country has moved to interdict the offending ships.

FILE - This photo released by Japan's Ministry of Defense shows what it says is the North Korean-flagged tanker Yu Jong 2, left, and the Min Ning De You 078 lying alongside in the East China Sea, Feb. 16, 2018.
This photo released by Japan’s Ministry of Defense shows what it says is the North Korean-flagged tanker Yu Jong 2, left, and the Min Ning De You 078 lying alongside in the East China Sea, Feb. 16, 2018. VOA

“I don’t want to talk about potential steps we may or may not take,” replied a senior administration official when asked by VOA whether there was discussion here about using the U.S. Navy or Coast Guard in international waters to take such action.

Also Read: “Saw Blood Flowing Like A River”: Survivor Recounts New Zealand Mosque Attacks

Trump and Kim have held two summits — the first in Singapore last June and the second in Hanoi this February. Trump has not ruled out a third such meeting.

“The door is wide open to continuing the dialogue with North Korea. The president wants to see progress at the working level, and he’s engaged as well,” a senior administration official said. (VOA)

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How to Choose the Best Business ISP?

Know how internet connection affects your businesses

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Online business
No business can survive and function without a proper internet connection. Pixabay

In this modern era, businesses cannot survive for long without an internet connection. Even in companies where the internet is not the primary means of doing business, it holds a lot of importance. For instance, employees use the internet to communicate with one another, supervisors might use it to send important files to their subordinates, etc. The internet also facilitates customers to reach businesses in case they come across any problems. Unlike a phone call, which requires you to be present near the phone at all times, the internet enables you to respond to the messages whenever you get the chance. Apart from that, it can be used for various other tasks like researching, online purchasing, and selling, analyzing competitors, etc. Therefore, it is important to install an internet connection in your company to successfully grow your business. 

When it comes to choosing an internet service, numerous options cross your mind. This means that you need to conduct a thorough analysis in order to get the most out of your investment. So, without further ado, let us dive right into it. 

First of all, you need to understand the types of internet connections that are being offered in the market. In the past few decades, multiple options for internet provision have evolved and these technologies continue to advance every year. The most common types of connection are as follows:

Cable:

In this type, a cable company transmits the internet to the business through cable lines. It is by far the most common type of internet connection because it offers great value for money. 

Business network
Your internet connection/ISP can have a major impact on your business. Pixabay

DSL:

This internet connection is offered by telecommunication companies but it has some limitations. For example, you cannot enjoy the unbelievably fast and stable internet speeds, which are delivered to you by cable internet.   

Fiber Optic:

 This is the fastest internet connection available in the market. Fiber internet speeds go up to 1Gbps, which is exceptionally great. You can literally do anything online without any complications. The biggest problem of fiber internet is its inaccessibility. Fiber internet is not widely available. Only a few areas in the country have access to this lightning-fast connection. 

Satellite:

This internet is delivered directly from a satellite to your dish. It is usually the only connection available in remote areas and can reach speeds up to 25Mbps at most. 

Fixed Wireless:

This type of internet connection relies on radio signals from a tower. It is possible to achieve high-speed internet in this connection. However, sometimes, trees and other solid objects can interfere with the signal quality making the connection weak. 

Many ISPs offer multiple packages to their customers. Getting a bundle deal can significantly reduce your monthly bill. For instance, if you get internet, TV, and business phone service from the same provider, you will be in a better position to bargain and get the deal of your choice. 

Top Three Business Internet Providers:

 

  1. Spectrum
  2. Xfinity
  3. Frontier

Spectrum, Xfinity and Frontier fall in the category of the best internet providers for business because they offer attractive packages, quality services, and exceptional customer support. 

Business internet
Spectrum, Xfinity and Frontier are the top business internet provider. Pixabay
Important Things to Consider:

Static IP Address:

Having a static IP address will help your business enjoy numerous benefits especially if you use a virtual private network. 

Port Access:

Having port access is crucial for businesses that have local servers. Port access should not be limited because they are required for software like browser, email, and skype, etc. 

Third-Party Software:

Some ISPs offer third-party apps to their clients to help them enhance their functionality. These apps include cloud storage and conferencing applications they can be used to increase business productivity.

The Future of Business Internet

Also Read- 5 Hottest Online Trainings 1st Year Students Should take up

Before finalizing your decision, make sure you know that your ISP is well prepared for changes that are coming in the future. The technology of the internet is evolving on a regular basis and a good provider should tweak its services according to the changing trends of the customers. Another important thing to keep in mind is the quality of customer support. Being a business entity, you cannot afford to lose your clients over a weak internet connection, so make sure that you choose the one that offers the best customer support. Look for the ISPs in your area and choose the one that best suits your needs and requirements.