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After Failed Hanoi Summit, U.S. Imposes First North Korea-Linked Sanctions

Trump and Kim have held two summits — the first in Singapore last June and the second in Hanoi this February. Trump has not ruled out a third such meeting.

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South Korea
Protesters march toward the U.S. Embassy during a rally supporting the U.S. policy to put steady pressure on North Korea, in Seoul, South Korea, Nov. 3, 2018. VOA

With negotiations at an impasse, Washington has imposed additional sanctions on those assisting Pyongyang — the first such action since February’s failed summit in Hanoi between President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.

“This is not really about intensification of pressure,” a senior U.S. administration official said. “This is about maintaining pressure as defined by the international community.”

FILE - In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo, U.S. President Donald Trump, accompanied by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, speaks at a news conference in Hanoi, following talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Trump said he walked away from his second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un because Kim demanded the U.S. lift all of its sanctions.
In this Feb. 28, 2019, photo, U.S. President Donald Trump, accompanied by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, speaks at a news conference in Hanoi, following talks with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Trump said he walked away from his second summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un because Kim demanded the U.S. lift all of its sanctions. VOA

Thursday’s sanctions by the U.S. Treasury Department on two China-based shipping companies were the latest evidence of some “leakage” in the enforcement of sanctions by Beijing, but U.S. officials said that overall, China was abiding by the U.N. resolutions slapped on North Korea for its nuclear weapon and ballistic missile programs.

Washington wants Pyongyang to surrender its entire nuclear arsenal and other mass-destruction weapons before being granted any relief from sanctions. The North Koreans insist on sanctions relief before halting production of fissile materials.

“Insisting on unilateral North Korean disarmament upfront is pushing on the wrong door. We should be pushing to first slow the program, then cap it, and ultimately keep rollback and disarmament the long-term goal,” said Vipin Narang, associate professor of political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “But every month that passes without a grand deal is one in which North Korea’s nuclear program continues to grow larger — increasing the risk of its own use and proliferation to other countries — and the chances of a deal grow smaller.”

 

FILE - In this undated image from video distributed Jan. 1, 2019, by North Korean broadcaster KRT, leader Kim Jong Un delivers a speech in North Korea.
In this undated image from video distributed Jan. 1, 2019, by North Korean broadcaster KRT, leader Kim Jong Un delivers a speech in North Korea. VOA

Analysts also worry Kim could grow impatient, turn away from diplomacy with Trump and look to China to provide sanctions relief that North Korea desperately needs.

“I’m not sure we can be confident that Beijing will uphold enforcement after Trump so abruptly walked away from negotiations with North Korea,” said Jean Lee, who directs the center for Korean history and public policy at the Wilson Center, a global policy research group in Washington. “I do hope North Korea sticks to negotiation and does not resort to provocation. If Pyongyang doesn’t get the response it craves and needs from Washington, North Korea may turn back to a tried and tested strategy: to get Trump, and the world’s attention, with another illicit missile launch or test.”

U.S. officials on Thursday, speaking to reporters on condition of not being named, expressed patience and confidence with their stance toward North Korea.

Patience

“What they’re facing now is unprecedented,” said one U.S. official of the sanctions on North Korea. “We’ll give it some time.”

Lee, currently in Seoul, told VOA she found it “interesting that we’re back to a form of strategic patience. There was high hope, especially here in Seoul, that Trump’s impatience and unpredictability would lead to fast movement on North Korea. But the Trump administration is finding that it’s much tougher than the president may have thought of simply bullying Kim into acquiescence.”

A prolonged lull in talks “could become risky, and maintaining maximalist positions will not be sustainable,” said Duyeon Kim, an adjunct senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security, a national security research group in Washington.

FILE - In this Dec. 21, 2018, photo, a North Korean woman walks outside Bugsae Shop, also known as the "Singapore Shop," in Pyongyang. Business is booming at such shops, which sell everything from Ukrainian vodka to brand-name knock-offs from China. The stores stock many of the very things U.N. sanctions banning trade in luxury goods are intended to block.
In this Dec. 21, 2018, photo, a North Korean woman walks outside Bugsae Shop, also known as the “Singapore Shop,” in Pyongyang. Business is booming at such shops, which sell everything from Ukrainian vodka to brand-name knock-offs from China. The stores stock many of the very things U.N. sanctions banning trade in luxury goods are intended to block. VOA

“They need to negotiate a denuclearization-peace road map soon and preferably an interim agreement on fissile materials. Rapid and complete denuclearization is not realistic. Denuclearization will have to occur in stages but in accordance with an agreed road map on how this all ends,” Kim told VOA.

The current primary point of pressure on Pyongyang by the international community is on entities, including their ships, involved with illicitly exporting North Korean goods, such as coal, and taking products — especially petroleum — into the impoverished country in violation of U.N. sanctions.

Unless North Korea denuclearizes, “we’re going to maintain that pressure,” a senior U.S official said.

Daily monitoring

A coalition of countries — using their vessels, aircraft and classified intelligence means — are daily watching the movement of ships involved in the illegal trade.

North Korea and those helping it are trying to obscure identities of ships and cargo by disabling or manipulating systems that identify the vessels for safety and navigation, physically altering vessel identifications and making ship-to-ship transfers to avoid ports, according to a sanctions advisory jointly issued Thursday by the U.S. Treasury and State departments and the Coast Guard.

Neither the United States nor any other country has moved to interdict the offending ships.

FILE - This photo released by Japan's Ministry of Defense shows what it says is the North Korean-flagged tanker Yu Jong 2, left, and the Min Ning De You 078 lying alongside in the East China Sea, Feb. 16, 2018.
This photo released by Japan’s Ministry of Defense shows what it says is the North Korean-flagged tanker Yu Jong 2, left, and the Min Ning De You 078 lying alongside in the East China Sea, Feb. 16, 2018. VOA

“I don’t want to talk about potential steps we may or may not take,” replied a senior administration official when asked by VOA whether there was discussion here about using the U.S. Navy or Coast Guard in international waters to take such action.

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Trump and Kim have held two summits — the first in Singapore last June and the second in Hanoi this February. Trump has not ruled out a third such meeting.

“The door is wide open to continuing the dialogue with North Korea. The president wants to see progress at the working level, and he’s engaged as well,” a senior administration official said. (VOA)

Next Story

How to Prepare For Your First Job As a Data Analyst

A data analyst should work with numbers, and there is no escape from numbers in analytics

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Analyst
Data analyst is the one who collects the data, processes the data, and organizes data into the charts or graphs, or assigns the numerical value for the better understanding and taking important business decisions. Pixabay

Organizations in all industries rely on raw data to make critical business decisions. The raw data includes sales, social media, inventory, etc. They use this data to develop new products, to enter into new markets, to make investments, and even to target customers. Hence, comes the role of a Data Analyst

It is very difficult to handle the raw data for the organizations so, and there comes the role of a data analyst. Data analyst is the one who collects the data, processes the data, and organizes data into the charts or graphs, or assigns the numerical value for the better understanding and taking important business decisions. With the growing dependency of companies on data analysts, professionals are considering taking data analytics courses to get ahead in this domain. 

What does a Data Analyst can do?

Data analysts ascertain how data can be used to answer questions and solve real-life problems. They typically work with the computer system and calculation applications to figure out numbers. Also, they need to have the ability to present the data in interesting ways and explain the actual differences in numbers they make in the future.

Key responsibilities of a Data Analyst

  • Collecting and interpreting the raw data
  • Analyzing the results from the interpreted data
  • Reporting the results in an interesting and understandable way
  • Identifying patterns and trends in data
  • Designing, creating and maintaining a database
  • Defining new data collection and analysis processes 

Qualification required for Data Analyst 

Degree in mathematics, computer science, statistics, and economics subjects is beneficial in developing a career in data analysis.

Skills required for Data Analyst

  • Ability to analyze large data
  • Ability to write comprehensive reports
  • Strong verbal and non-verbal skills
  • An analytical and problem-solving mind
  • Attention to details

How to prepare for the Data Analyst interview

Now comes the question How should I prepare for the role of Data Analyst? And How should I prepare for the interview?

Not every data analyst role is the same in the company, and it may vary in various stages of business growth with a different set of data challenges.

Remember they are hiring you to solve their problems, so go through the company profile for a better understanding of the business they do

  • What is their business model?
  • How do they make money?
  • What are the important metrics to track?
  • At the time, what might be their data problem?
  • How are their customers like?

These questions will help you get a clear idea of the company and business they do. This is the first level of preparation for the interview.

Here comes the second level of preparations that are reviewing your skills, it is all about knowing where you fit in these 3 parameters,   

  1. Business sense
  2. Data or number sense and
  3. Database sense

Good Business Sense

For a Data analyst, it is not just assigning a numerical value to the raw data, but it is to have a piece of knowledge to analyze the business model and should be able to detect the threat.

A good analyst should have a good business sense and technical knowledge in the business world that comes with experience, critical thinking, and plenty of trial & error.

Data or number sense

A data analyst should work with numbers, and there is no escape from numbers in analytics. Numbers serve as a measurable value that supports decision making in a company.

A good analyst should have a good sense of numbers, having the ability to make sense of numbers will let you speak about the company fluctuations and explains a picture of the current situation.

The analyst should know what number to be chosen to make the best sense of data report, and what kind of KPIs should be used to know who the business is doing. And it raises the question to review the calculations and company conversions.

Graph, Chart, Growth, Report, Analyst, Company
Organizations in all industries rely on raw data to make critical business decisions. The raw data includes sales, social media, inventory, etc which an analyst needs to look upon. Pixabay

Good Database skills

For a Data analyst, it is a must and should the requirement of having good technical skills and be able to operate different programming languages such as Python, R, SQL, etc.

SQL is a basic database management language you need to focus on, SQL is the ruling language in the analytics world, and it continues to rule. 

Last but not least, start attempting practice questions. By doing this, you can take inspiration for yourself and understand what an employer wants to see in you.

Few tips 

It is always suggested to show your interesting projects related to data analysis and exclude mini-projects that you have never really done. 

Showcase your degrees that indicates your potential work and interest in the field of data analysis.

A problem-solving approach is very important for data analysts so, it is well and good to practice at least 20 data analysis questions before you go for an interview.

Keep reading various blogs and communities related to data analysis.

Try to attend conferences and meets, which can develop more understanding of data analysis.

Be very creative during your interview.

Internships online coaching is a better way to start your career to data analyst.

Interview question of Data analyst

Here are some interview questions and topics. For better understanding, I have divided it into different sections.

Basic Data Analyst Questions

Here the interviewers ask the fundamental question related to the Data Analyst and its terminologies. For example,

Differentiate Data Mining and Data Analysis?

What is the process of Data Analysis?

Define Data Mining and Data Profiling?

Excel Data Analyst Questions

Excel is the simple software used to do quantitative analysis, statistical analysis with an intuitive interface for data manipulation. They ask a question related to this,

What is a waterfall chart, and when do you use it?

How to highlight negative values cells in Excel?

Statistics Data Analyst Questions

Statistics dealing with data collection and organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation, the question related to this is,

Define the term Normal Distribution? 

What is A/B Testing?

What is the statistical power of sensitivity?

SAS Data Analyst Questions

SAS stands for Statistical Analysis System, which can process complex data and generate meaningful insights that help to make decisions in the business.

What is interleaving in SAS?

Write the basic syntax style of code in SAS?

Explain Do Index, Do While, and the Do Until loop with examples.

SQL Data Analyst Questions

SQL is known as Structured Query Language used to manage data when you do well in SQL questions, as it will be evident in your interviewer that you know how to handle databases.

What is the default port for SQL?

What do you mean by DBMS? What are its different types?

What is ACID property in a database?

Tableau Data Analyst Questions

Tableau is a program for business intelligence that lets anyone connect to the data. It visualizes and creates interactive, shareable dashboards. 

Give the difference between Tableau and Power BI?

What is a dual-axis?

What is joining and blending in Tableau?

Puzzle Data Analyst Questions

The analytic industry relies primarily on professionals who specialize in different market-based data analysis methods, but also on those professionals who have outstanding troubleshooting skills. The approach to the problem is an essential skill you need to possess. Oh yes, you should be able to explain to the interviewer your approach as well.

Graph, Growth, Progress, Diagram, Analyst, Economy
Not every data analyst role is the same in the company, and it may vary in various stages of business growth with a different set of data challenges. Pixabay

At the end

In this article, we discussed who a data analyst is? What does he do? And responsibilities, qualifications & skills required for the data analyst. We also went through the preparation and tips to crack the data analyst interview.

Now it’s up to you, follow the proper guidelines and keep practicing the things because new data is generated huge, there are various problems in processing this data so, always keep tracking the latest technologies and techniques to solve these problems.

ALSO READ: Patients May Suffer Invasive Treatments for Harmless Cancers: Researchers

 It will be great if you want to share your journey as a Data analyst with us. Your trip might inspire someone to become a data analyst.