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FILE - A man blows a puff of smoke as he vapes with an electronic cigarette, Oct. 18, 2019. VOA

In a landmark ruling, the UK’s Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) on Wednesday directed four vaping companies — including the all-powerful British American Tobacco (BAT) — not to promote e-cigarettes on Instagram posts.

The posts showed models and celebrities such as Lily Allen holding e-cigarettes, reports the BBC.


The four vaping companies banned from Instagram are: British American Tobacco (BAT), Ama Vape, Attitude Vapes and Global Vaping Group.

These companies are accused of promoting e-cigarettes and featuring models who appeared to be under 25, which is banned under the advertising code.

“While the ASA ruling is great news, urgent policy change is needed from Facebook, Instagram and Twitter to prevent BAT and other tobacco companies from using social media to advertise their harmful products to young people around the world,” the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids said in a statement.

In its ruling, the Advertising Standards Authority said it is banning six posts from BAT, including one wishing Allen good luck with an image of her holding a Vype e-cigarette.


FILE- A man vapes with an electronic cigarette, exhales in Fair Oaks, Virginia. (Phot: Diaa Bekheet). VOA

The concerned body said any future vape posts “should not be made from a public Instagram account” unless “they would only be distributed to those following their account and would not be seen by other users”.

In a statement, BAT said its online communications “aimed to impart factual information regarding products but stopped short of direct or indirect promotion”.

“It used these platforms to interact with users when they ask questions or request information and to communicate factual information about Vype that adults vapers and smokers wanted”.

Also Read: Social Media Giant Facebook Hiring Community Reviewers to Help Fact Checkers

Ama Vape said it had removed its post and reviewed its other social-media content.

Late last year, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had banned the sale of most flavoured e-cigarettes in convenience stores and petrol stations across the country. (IANS)


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NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has for the first time spotted signs of a planet transiting a star outside of the Milky Way galaxy, opening up a new avenue to search for exoplanets at greater distances than ever before.

The possible exoplanet -- or planets outside of our Solar System -- candidate is located in the spiral galaxy Messier 51 (M51), also called the Whirlpool Galaxy because of its distinctive profile, NASA said in a statement.

Astronomers have, so far, found all other known exoplanets and exoplanet candidates in the Milky Way galaxy, almost all of them less than about 3,000 light-years from Earth.

An exoplanet in M51 would be about 28 million light-years away, meaning it would be thousands of times farther away than those in the Milky Way, NASA said.

"We are trying to open up a whole new arena for finding other worlds by searching for planet candidates at X-ray wavelengths, a strategy that makes it possible to discover them in other galaxies," said Rosanne Di Stefano of the Center for Astrophysics at Harvard and Smithsonian (CfA) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, who led the study.

The findings are published in the journal Nature Astronomy.

The exoplanet candidate was spotted in a binary system called M51-ULS-1, located in M51. This binary system contains a black hole or neutron star orbiting a companion star with a mass about 20 times that of the Sun. The X-ray transit they found using Chandra data lasted about three hours, during which the X-ray emission decreased to zero.

Based on this and other information, the team estimates the exoplanet candidate in M51-ULS-1 would be roughly the size of Saturn and orbit the neutron star or black hole at about twice the distance of Saturn from the Sun.

The team looked for X-ray transits in three galaxies beyond the Milky Way galaxy, using both Chandra and the European Space Agency's XMM-Newton. Their search covered 55 systems in M51, 64 systems in Messier 101 (the "Pinwheel" galaxy), and 119 systems in Messier 104 (the "Sombrero" galaxy).

However, more data would be needed to verify the interpretation as an extragalactic exoplanet. One challenge is that the planet candidate's large orbit means it would not cross in front of its binary partner again for about 70 years, thwarting any attempts for a confirming observation for decades, NASA said.

Named in honor of the late Indian-American Nobel laureate, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, the Chandra X-ray Observatory is the world's most powerful X-ray telescope. It has eight times greater resolution and is able to detect sources more than 20-times fainter than any previous X-ray telescope.

Known to the world as Chandra (which means "moon" or "luminous" in Sanskrit), Chandrasekhar was widely regarded as one of the foremost astrophysicists of the twentieth century. (IANS/JB)


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