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UN should not sub-contract peacekeeping: India

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United Nations: The UN should not outsource peacekeeping to regional organisations and disengage itself, India has told the Security Council, reminding that the UN “cannot disengage” with Africa by “sub-contracting peacekeeping”.
unflag-e1333462134870Acting Permanent Representative Bhagwant S. Bishnoi told the Council on Tuesday, “While regional organizations can at times play a useful role in assisting the UN, the primacy of the United Nations itself cannot be denied.”

Referring to Africa, Bishnoi said, “The United Nations cannot disengage with the continent by sub-contracting peacekeeping to regional arrangements.”

He cautioned that regionalisation of peacekeeping operations brought the danger of the impartiality of the peacekeepers being called into question. For this, he added, there should be full consultations between the security council and the troop-contributing countries.

Bishnoi was speaking at a Council session on “Regional Organizations And Contemporary Challenges Of Global Security.”

The UN currently has a joint peacekeeping operation with the African Union in the Darfur region of Sudan, while African Union has its own operation in Somalia, Mali and Central African Republic with UN backing and the Economic Community of West African States has one in Guineau Bissau.

Bishnoi said that peaceful resolutions of conflicts through political processes should be the priority and without it there would be no point in regional organisations trying to manage conflicts by using military.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon acknowledged the problem saying, “The United Nations is deploying into fragile and remote environments with little peace to keep.”

The UN should enable regional organisations to resolve regional problems and include the concerned nations in finding solutions, Ban said. “At the same time, regional organizations should continue contributing to United Nations peace and security efforts.”

On the role of the Council and the need for reforms, Bishnoi pointed out that although two-thirds of its work related to Africa, no African nation was a permanent member. “This shortcoming seriously undermines the legitimacy of the decisions of the Council,” he said. “Till such time that this historical injustice is addressed, the decisions of the Council will lack their full force.”

Bishnoi also warned against extending to organisations based on language or religion or history, the role that the UN Charter envisaged for regional organisations because it was based on geography. “Any overly liberal interpretation of terminology would be violative of the Charter besides also being counter productive,” he said.

This would exclude organisations like the Commonwealth, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the group of French-speaking nations called Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

(IANS)

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Xiaomi Aims 10,000 Retail Stores in India by 2019

Including all the four retail channels, Xiaomi currently has a total of about 6,000 retail stores in the country

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The complaint alleged that Xiaomi had used the patents without any license from Yulong.
Xiaomi to fight patent disput against Coolpad, wikimedia commons

Making a big push for offline sales in India, Chinese smartphone maker Xiaomi, which opened its 1,000th “Mi Store” in the country is on track to reach the target of having 10,000 retail stores by the end of this year, a top company official said on Wednesday.

Xiaomi India said it generated employment for over 2,000 people with the opening of 1,000 Mi Stores, which are spread across 19 states in the country.

“We have been the No. 1 smartphonebrand in India for nine consecutive quarters and our market share in online smartphone business in the country is over 50 per cent.

“The scope of growth in online market share is now limited. Therefore, we are focusing on expanding our offline presence in a big way,” Xiaomi India Managing Director Manu Kumar Jain told a select group of journalists here.

According to him, Xiaomi’s current market share in the offline smartphone business in India is 20 per cent.

“By the end of this year, we are hoping to have 50 per cent of our smartphone sales in the country from offline channels,” he added.

Xiaomi had primarily been an online brand since its inception and started its offline sales in India just two years ago.

Xiaomi
Xiaomi.

The company announced the opening of 500 Mi Stores in the country in November last year, saying that it was planning to open 5,000 such retail stores in the rural parts of the country by end of this year.

“Mi Stores” are similar to the bigger “Mi Home” stores currently operational in the metros and other big cities.

In addition to the 1,000th Mi Store launch, Xiaomi India also announced the launch of Mi Studios, the latest addition to its existing three retail channels.

Located currently in Bengalure and Mumbai, with an average size of 400-600 sq.ft, the new Mi Studios are an optimised version of Mi Homes, Xiaomi said, adding that it was working towards opening 200 Mi Studios by the end of this year.

Xiaomi, which surpassed Samsung to become the market leader in 2018 with 28.9 per cent share in the Indian smartphone market, also has over 5,000 Mi Preferred Partner (third-party) stores spread across over 50 cities.

Also Read- Indians Spending Over 10 Hours on Their Devices Daily, Adobe Survey Reveals

“We are learning from other other brands such as Samsung and Vivo in expanding our offline presence in the country,” Jain added.

Including all the four retail channels, Xiaomi currently has a total of about 6,000 retail stores in the country. (IANS)