Monday February 18, 2019
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UN should not sub-contract peacekeeping: India

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United Nations: The UN should not outsource peacekeeping to regional organisations and disengage itself, India has told the Security Council, reminding that the UN “cannot disengage” with Africa by “sub-contracting peacekeeping”.
unflag-e1333462134870Acting Permanent Representative Bhagwant S. Bishnoi told the Council on Tuesday, “While regional organizations can at times play a useful role in assisting the UN, the primacy of the United Nations itself cannot be denied.”

Referring to Africa, Bishnoi said, “The United Nations cannot disengage with the continent by sub-contracting peacekeeping to regional arrangements.”

He cautioned that regionalisation of peacekeeping operations brought the danger of the impartiality of the peacekeepers being called into question. For this, he added, there should be full consultations between the security council and the troop-contributing countries.

Bishnoi was speaking at a Council session on “Regional Organizations And Contemporary Challenges Of Global Security.”

The UN currently has a joint peacekeeping operation with the African Union in the Darfur region of Sudan, while African Union has its own operation in Somalia, Mali and Central African Republic with UN backing and the Economic Community of West African States has one in Guineau Bissau.

Bishnoi said that peaceful resolutions of conflicts through political processes should be the priority and without it there would be no point in regional organisations trying to manage conflicts by using military.

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon acknowledged the problem saying, “The United Nations is deploying into fragile and remote environments with little peace to keep.”

The UN should enable regional organisations to resolve regional problems and include the concerned nations in finding solutions, Ban said. “At the same time, regional organizations should continue contributing to United Nations peace and security efforts.”

On the role of the Council and the need for reforms, Bishnoi pointed out that although two-thirds of its work related to Africa, no African nation was a permanent member. “This shortcoming seriously undermines the legitimacy of the decisions of the Council,” he said. “Till such time that this historical injustice is addressed, the decisions of the Council will lack their full force.”

Bishnoi also warned against extending to organisations based on language or religion or history, the role that the UN Charter envisaged for regional organisations because it was based on geography. “Any overly liberal interpretation of terminology would be violative of the Charter besides also being counter productive,” he said.

This would exclude organisations like the Commonwealth, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and the group of French-speaking nations called Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie.

(IANS)

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India Says Pakistan’s Links with Pulwama Attack Clear For All to See

He said while there are claims to offer dialogue from Pakistan, it continues to shelter terror outfits

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Arun Jaitley
"The most favoured nation status which has been granted to Pakistan stands withdrawn.", says Jaitley. Pixabay

India has rejected Pakistan Foreign Secretary Tehmina Janjua’s claims denying her country’s links to the Pulwama terror attack, saying that JeM, which claimed responsibility for the attack on Thursday, is based in Pakistan, and the “links are clear and evident and for all to see”.

The External Affairs Ministry spokesperson on Friday termed as “preposterous” the demand for an investigation, saying there is a video of the suicide bomber declaring himself a member of the terror group Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).

The spokesperson said India has not seen any constructive approach from Pakistan on bilateral relations and it has been sheltering terrorists and terror organisations such as JeM. He said Islamabad has not taken any action against such groups despite international demands.

India also demanded that Pakistan take immediate and verifiable action against terrorists and terror groups operating from territories under its control to create a conducive atmosphere in the region free of terror.

The spokesperson’s response came over Pakistan Foreign Secretary’s briefing rejecting Pakistan’s involvement in the terror attack on a paramilitary convoy in Jammu and Kashmir that killed at least 45 troopers. Janjua met envoys of P-5 countries late on Friday.

The spokesperson said JeM has claimed responsibility for the attack.

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said in a statement that the attack was a matter of “grave concern” and it had been condemning “heightened acts of violence in the (Kashmir) Valley”. Pixabay

“The organisation and its leadership are located in Pakistan. LeT and other terror groups have welcomed the news of the attack. These groups are also based in Pakistan. Pakistan cannot claim that it is unaware of their presence and their activities.

“They have not taken any action against these groups despite international demands, especially against groups and individuals proscribed by the UN and other countries. The links to Pakistan are clear and evident for all to see. Its own Ministers have shared the same podium with UN proscribed terrorists,” the spokesperson said.

He said there was audio-visual material linking JeM to the terror attack.

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“The demand for an investigation is preposterous when there is a video of the suicide bomber declaring himself a member of the JeM. There are also other audio-visual and print material linking JeM to the terrorist attack. We have therefore no doubt that the claim is firmly established,” the spokesperson said.

He said while there are claims to offer dialogue from Pakistan, it continues to shelter terror outfits.

“We have not seen any constructive approach from Pakistan on relations with India. What we have noticed however, are claims to offer dialogue on the one hand, while sponsoring and sheltering terrorists and terrorist organisations such as JeM on the other,” the spokesperson added. (IANS)