Wednesday October 17, 2018

UNESCO declares new World Heritage Sites in Norway, Germany, Israel, Britain, and US

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The Alamo, San Antonio Missions, Texas
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By NewsGram Staff Writer

During its 39th meeting of the World Heritage Committee, held in the German city of Bonn on Sunday, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) named several new World Heritage Sites.

These World Heritage Sites are located in Norway, Germany, Israel, Scotland, and US respectively.

NewsGram brings you a glimpse of the new World Heritage Sites.

Norway’s Rjukan-Notodden industrial site includes a group of hydraulic centers and was built early in the last century by the Norsk Hydro company to manufacture fertilizers to meet the agricultural demand.

Tyssedal_Power_Plant
Rjukan-Notodden industrial site, Norway

The new World Heritage Sites include the areas of Speicherstadt and the Kontorhaus neighborhood, which are the two central urban zones in the German port city of Hamburg.

Speicherstadt covers 300,000 square meters and was one of the largest port areas in the world, built between 1885 and 1927 and was partially reconstructed after World War II.

Hamburg_Speicherstadt
Speicherstadt, Hamburg

Kontorhaus was the site of the so-called Chilehaus, known for its modernistic architecture and six huge office complexes built between 1920 and 1940.

Kontorhaus, Hamburg, Germany
Kontorhaus, Hamburg, Germany

The Beit She’arim Necropolis in Israel is an ancient Jewish site located southeast of Haifa. It contains a series of catacombs that contain “works of art and inscriptions in Greek, Aramaic and Hebrew.”

Beit She'arim Necropolis, Israel
Beit She’arim Necropolis, Israel

The “innovative” Forth Bridge in Scotland, is the largest bridge of its type in the world. It was completed in 1890 and was designed to carry trains over the Forth River and is still very much in use today.

Forth Bridge, Scotland
Forth Bridge, Scotland

Finally, the San Antonio Missions, founded in what is now the US by Franciscan missionaries in the 18th century, include structures and ruins of architectural interest such as churches, houses, silos and irrigation systems.

San Antonio Mission, Texas, USA
San Antonio Missions, Texas, USA

The best known structure of the group, The Alamo, was the site of the famous 1836 battle when a heavily outnumbered force of Texas settlers seeking independence from Mexico were overrun and killed down to the last man by Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna and his Mexican troops.

The Alamo, San Antonio Missions, Texas
The Alamo, San Antonio Missions, Texas

The missions were built in and around the city of San Antonio, Texas, to convert the local Indians to Catholicism and make them Spanish subjects.

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Galapagos, Ecuador Celebrates 40 Years As A World Heritage Site

Popularly known as Enchanted Islands, they are located on the equatorial line crossing the north of Isabela Island.

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Galapagos
Galapagos Islands celebrate 40 years of World Heritage Site status. Flickr

The Ecuadorian Galapagos Islands celebrated 40 years of the declaration of the archipelago as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Ecuador President Lenin Moreno, tweeted on Saturday: “We celebrate one more anniversary of the declaration of Galapagos as the World Heritage Site. Let’s preserve and protect the Enchanted Islands, Ecuador’s legacy to the future of humanity.”

 

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Galapagos has flora and faun only unique to it. Flickr

 

In 1978, this title was awarded to the archipelago for its collection of flora and fauna unique in the world, a large part of whose species are endemic, which led to the islands management by a special regime that safeguards its conservation.

 

The archipelago is located in the Pacific Ocean at 972 km from the Ecuadorian coastline and has tourism as its main source of income with around 200,000 visitors a year.

galapagos
Galapagos has tourism as its main source of income with around 200,000 visitors a year. Flickr

The islands are home to species including sea turtles, dolphins, sharks, whales, coral reefs, frigatebirds, iguanas, lizards, cormorants, albatrosses, sea lions and penguins.

Also Read: 10 Indian Sites That Got UNESCO World Heritage Tag

Popularly known as Enchanted Islands, they are located on the equatorial line crossing the north of Isabela Island, the site of numerous earthquakes due to the tectonic plates nearby and is the second most active volcanic archipelago on the planet, after Hawaii. (IANS)