Being a man, having a lower income, a lower level of education, not being married, and being born in low-or middle-income countries — these are factors that relate to an elevated risk of dying from Covid-19, warn researchers.
“We can show that there are independent effects of various separate risk factors that have been brought up in debates and news about Covid-19,” said study author Sven Drefahl from Stockholm University in Sweden.
“All of these factors are accordingly individually associated with a strongly elevated risk of dying from Covid-19,”
The study is based on data from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare on all registered deaths from Covid-19 in Sweden for adults aged 20 and older.
In a study, published in the journal Nature Communications, Drefahl explained that those born abroad generally have lower mortality than people born in Sweden.
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This also applies when the research took income and level of education into account.
The elevated risk of dying from Covid-19 for this group remains after the researchers controlled for circumstances, such as income and level of education.
The study shows that being a man, having a lower income and lower level of education also result in a strongly elevated risk of dying from Covid-19. As to these aspects, this also agrees with the patterns for mortality from other diseases.
The findings showed that men had more than twice as high a risk of dying from Covid-19 than women. Unmarried men and women (including those never married, widows/widowers and the divorced) had a 1.5-2 times as high risk of dying from Covid-19 as those who were married.
According to the researchers, men generally have higher mortality at comparable ages, which is considered to be due to a combination of biology and lifestyle.
“The fact that people with little education or a low income have higher mortality may largely be due to lifestyle factors, including finances — how much one can afford to prioritise one’s health,” said study author Gunnar Andersson
“Similarly, we can explain the elevated mortality from Covid-19 for these groups,” Andersson added.
A number of earlier studies have also shown that single and unmarried people have higher mortality from various diseases, the research team noted. (IANS)